Life Research Institute 2020

 

Jane Roe of Roe v. Wade Speaks to YOU

 

Roe v. Wade was the U.S. Supreme Court decision that legalized abortion in the United States in 1973.  Roe's real name was Norma McCorvey.  The following is what she said on March 23, 1997, as quoted in Lifewatch, December 1, 1999.  Lifewatch is a newsletter of Taskforce of United Methodists on Abortion and Sexuality, 910 289 2449.

 

 

"I am Norma McCorvey.  I became known as Jane Roe on January 22, 1973, when the U.S. Supreme Court released the Roe v. Wade decision, which created a woman's right to abortion.  I am now a child of God, a new creature in Christ; I am forgiven and redeemed.  Today, I publicly recant my involvement in the tragedy of abortion.  I humbly ask forgiveness of the millions of women and unborn babies who have experienced the violence of abortion.  In this place of healing, the National Memorial for the Unborn, I stand with those who honor the worth of every unborn child as created in the image of God.  I will strive, in the name of Jesus, to end this holocaust."

 

 

Not only was Jane Roe pro-life, but so is her daughter, whom Roe gave birth to because the Supreme Court acted too slowly for Jane.

 

On the same date as the Roe v. Wade decision was announced, the Doe v. Bolton decision was also announced.  The Doe decision, though not generally known about, was equally or more important than Roe.  Sandra Cano was Doe.  Both Doe and her daughter are now pro-life.

 

Since Roe calls abortion a tragedy, and since Roe and Doe and their daughters are pro-life, can't you be?

 

End of Jane Roe of Roe v. Wade Speaks to YOU


Table of Contents--Use Ctrl F on your browser

Type in, or copy, select, and paste one of the entries below to search for it.

 

Jane Roe of Roe v. Wade Speaks to YOU

A Quiz for Those Who Call Themselves Pro-choice

Abortion Hurts Women In Numerous Ways

Promiscuity Education: Specific Examples of Promiscuity Content

Study knocks foundation out from under global warming theorists

The American Medical Association's Positions on Abortion 1859 - 2019


A Quiz for Those Who Call Themselves Pro-choice

 

 

If you consider yourself pro-choice, then you should be able to prove the validity of your position.  Otherwise, you are being intellectual­ly dishonest.  See if you can answer the following questions. 

 

Try to be honest and complete about your answers.  For example, when asked, "Can you prove that the preborn is not a human being?" Don't merely say, "Everyone knows she's not."  Instead, actually PROVE--not parrot others, but PROVE that she's not.  Think about whether she has any genes that are not human genes.  Think about whether any human has ever given birth or miscarriage to any being other than a human being.  Don't let others think for you.  THINK FOR YOURSELF!

 

These are your questions.  BE INTELLECTUALLY HONEST!

 

Can you find in the U.S. Constitution any mention of "privacy"? Look most carefully in the Fourteenth Amendment where it's alleged to be.

 

Can you logically connect "privacy" to the act of abortion?

 

Can you prove that the preborn is not a human being?

 

Can you prove that the preborn is not alive?

 

Can you prove that the preborn doesn't have a heartbeat at 2.5 weeks after fertilization, have brain waves at 6 weeks, feel the pain of herself being ripped apart at 8 weeks, and have fingerprints at 10 weeks if still alive?

 

Can you prove that the preborn is not a baby?

 

Can you prove that the preborn is not a person?

 

Can you prove that the preborn is a part of her mother's own body and therefore not a separate life?

 

Can you prove that the preborn is not a baby especially knowing that Planned Parenthood says she is?  (Planned Parenthood is the nation's and world's largest abortion provider.)

 

Can you prove that new, viable life doesn't begin when sperm fertilizes egg?

 

Can you prove that freedom of choice isn't freedom to murder a preborn baby?

 

Often, a woman can have a baby from a pregnancy which begins after an abortion.  Can you prove that this baby won't have one or more of 140+ handicaps which have been identified as being enabled by abortion?

 

Can you prove that God doesn't say, "You shall not murder"?

 

Can you prove that God's second most important commandment isn't "Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself?"  Can you prove there is any neighbor closer to a mother than her preborn baby?

 

Can you prove that the newspapers and other media are not prejudiced toward pro-choice?  That is, can you prove you've been hearing both sides of the controversy?

 

Do you know why a student is not allowed to have an aspirin without permission from her parent but can have an abortion without parental knowledge or permission?

 

Can you prove that many studies don't show that the aborters are often severely physically and emotionally hurt for the long term?  Can you prove that some aren't killed by the abortions?

 

Can you prove that abortion does not cause a 50% increased risk in contracting breast cancer?  (The 50% comes from a pro-abortion researcher.)

 

Can you prove that the so-called "safe and legal" abortion is really safe for the mother?  Can you prove it is safe for the baby?

 

Can you prove that abortion doesn't often cause sterility?

 

Can you prove that abortion doesn't devastate many fathers?

 

Can you prove that the abortion industry doesn't consistently fight legislative efforts to make their cleanliness standards at least equal to those of veterinary clinics?

 

Can you prove that there is at least one abortion clinic within 100 miles of you that has had a general inspection by your state health department within the past 5 years?

 

Can you prove that the abortion industry isn't a multi-billion dollar per year industry?

 

Can you prove that sex ed courses do not teach our children how to be promiscuous and to be promiscuous?

 

Can you prove that sex ed courses do not cause an increase in sexual intercourse among children?

 

Can you prove that birth control doesn't have a high failure rate?

 

Can you prove that the IUD doesn't work by abortion? 

 

Can you prove that the Pill, Depo-Provera, and Norplant don't work by abortion sometimes?

 

Can you prove that  there aren't at least one million stable couples in the U.S. available to adopt babies.

 

Can you prove that the preborn is less viable than you?  That is, can you prove that the preborn baby needs more people helping her with food, clothing, shelter, money, etc. than you do? 

 

Can you prove that 98% of all abortions aren't solely for birth con­trol?

 

Can you prove that abortion isn't legal during all nine months of the pregnancy?

 

Can you prove that pregnancy because of rape isn't an extremely rare occurrence?

 

Can you prove that you still have good reasons to remain pro-choice?

 

These questions were designed to make you think.  Often, those who call themselves pro-choice strongly and automatically deny what pro-life says.  They give pro-life statements no consideration or cred­ibility at all.  That is, they don't think.  Well, after trying to answer the above questions for yourself, perhaps you've thought about the claims of the people on your side of the issue.

 

The pro-choice leaders can't prove the above any better than you can.  But they don't care: They are driven by the money and power of the abortion industry.  Are you?  Do you have any reason to remain on their side?  Do you have any reason at all to remain pro-choice?

 

Be logical.  Become pro-life!

 

 

 

a NON-COPYRIGHTED publication of

Life Research Institute

 

End of A Quiz for Those Who Call Themselves Pro-Choice

 


Abortion Hurts Women In Numerous Ways

Revision date: August 2009

The injuries are summarized at the end.

 

 

This is a non-copyrighted product of Life Research Institute.

 

This document provides scientific and other documentation that legal abortion, contrary to popular opinion, doesn't help women but hurts them severely and/or kills them.

 

There are approximately 350 entries below showing how abortion hurts women.

 

Word-searching can be done by key words you think of. Examples are "infection", "hemorrhage", "chlamydia", "trauma", and "breast cancer". Search without matching case.  In addition, you can also search for categories of how abortion hurts women. These are the categories:

 

~PC = physical effects, cancer

~PD = physical effects, death

~PS = physical effects, smoking, drinking, and/or drugs

~PG = physical effects, general

~PL = physical effects, later complications

~G = general

~PSG = psychological

~S = suicide

 

Note that the character ~ appears before the abbreviations. This is to facilitate searching. For example, if you were to search for "general" information, you could search for a G, but then every G in the document could be found. Therefore, search for ~G. Then, only "general" information will be found.

 

Every paragraph begins with a category abbreviation.

 

Because many sources are quoted several times, they would take up too much space unless abbreviated. Thus, I gave them abbreviations.

 

These are those abbreviations:

 

NAIRVSC is Strahan, Newsletter of Association for Interdisciplinary Research in Values and Social Change. NAIRVSC is available from NRL Educational Trust Fund, 419 7th Street NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20004, 202 626-8800. MAB is Thomas W. Strahan, ed., "Major Articles and Books Concerning the Detrimental Effects of Abortion" (Charlottesville, VA: The Rutherford Institute, December 1993).

 

ABSNM is David C. Reardon, Aborted Women: Silent No More (Wheaton, IL: Good News, Crossways Books; Chicago: Loyola University Press). Reardon's address and phone number are Elliot Institute, P. O. Box 7348, Springfield, IL 92791; 217 525 8202

 

PSSFA is Anne C. Speckhard, "The Psycho-Social Aspects of Stress Following Abortion," (Sheed and Ward: Kansas City, 1987).

 

Saltenberger means Ann Saltenberger, Every Woman Has a Right to Know the Dangers of Legal Abortion, (Glassboro, NJ: Air- Plus Enterprises, 1982).

 

TAP is Pamela Zekman & Pamela Warrick, "The Abortion Profiteers: Nurse to Aide: Fake That Pulse!" Chicago Sun-Times, November 1978, quoted in Saltenberger, 168-170.

 

JAMA is Journal of the American Medical Association.

 

Other notes about citations:

 

When quotes extend beyond one paragraph, the source is given at the end of the last paragraph.

 

If a paragraph includes information from several sources, citations are given at the various places within the paragraph. Those not at the end are placed in parentheses.

 

If you feel you have been injured by an abortion and might want to  sue, call American Rights Coalition at 800 634 2224.

 

Now the actual material on abortion hurting women begins.

 

 

A Planned Parenthood brochure entitled PLAN YOUR CHILDREN for Health and Happiness says,

"An abortion kills the life of a baby after it has begun. It is dangerous to your life and health. It may make you sterile so that when you want a child you cannot have it."

 

Physical Effects: Cancer

 

~PC Dr. Joel Brind, Endocrinologist, said in a December 3, 1992 press release, "THERE IS A CLEAR RELATIONSHIP DOCUMENTED IN MEDICAL JOURNALS SHOWING THAT WOMEN ABORTING THEIR FIRST PREGNANCY ARE AT A MUCH HIGHER RISK OF DEVELOPING BREAST CANCER THAN WOMEN WHO CARRY THEIR PREGNANCY TO TERM." (Presumedly, it took some time to determine this: Women mostly abort early in life, and get breast cancer later.) Brind cited four sources in the medical literature. One of these also showed that women are also at a much higher risk of developing cervical cancer. Kenneth E. Kogut, The Facts of Pro-Life, n.p., 64.

 

 SINCE BREAST CANCER IS A VERY LARGE KILLER OF

 

 WOMEN IN THE UNITED STATES, EVEN A VERY SMALL

 

 PERCENT INCREASE IN BREAST CANCER DUE TO

 

 ABORTION KILLS ADDITIONAL THOUSANDS OF WOMEN.

 

~PC The most recent epidemiological studies have confirmed the abortion-breast cancer (ABC) link repeatedly. The ABC link received major media attention in November 1994 when a National Cancer Institute study was published in the Institute's Journal. The author was pro-abortion Dr. Janet Daling et al. of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington. It reported a statistically significant overall 50 percent increase in the risk of breast cancer among women who reported having had any induced abortions. This study was a meta study. That is, it was a statisical study of many other studies.

 

 

~PC "An upstate New York study matched 1,451 cases of breast cancer in women under 40 which were reported to the Cancer Registry with 1,451 population controls by year of birth and by residence using zip codes. An ODDS RATIO OF 4.0 (CI 1.5-13.6) was associated with a history of repeated interrupted pregnancies with no intervening live births." H. L. Howe et al., "Early Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk among Women Under Age 40," Int'l Journal of Epidemiology, 1989, 300, quoted in Thomas W. Strahan, ed., NAIRVSC, Winter 1993.

 

 

~PC "A DANISH STUDY FOUND THAT ABORTION IN THE FIRST AND SECOND TRIMESTER WAS SIGNIFICANTLY ASSOCIATED WITH A BREAST CANCER RISK OF 1.43 (ONE ABORTION) AND 1.73 (TWO OR MORE ABORTIONS) COMPARED WITH THOSE WITHOUT AN ABORTION HISTORY AFTER ADJUSTMENT FOR AGE, RESIDENCE, AND AGE AT FIRST BIRTH." (Emphasis by Life Research Institute) M. Ewartz, "Risk of Breast Cancer in Relation to Reproductive Factors in Denmark," British Journal Cancer, 1988, 99-104, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 6-8.

 

 

~PC "Women who carry their first baby to term cut their chance for breast cancer almost in half. Women who abort their first pregnancy almost double their chance. With 2 or more abortions there is a 3 - 4 fold increase.     . . . childbirth prevents [versus no pregnancy, not versus abortion] over 500 deaths from cancer for every 100,000 first pregnancies carried to term." Voices for the Unborn, Feb 1994, 5.

 

 

~PC "The number of additional breast cancer cases due to abortion is approximately 50,000 per year." Another estimate is 75,000. [Conservatively, without abortion 1 in 10 women will contract breast cancer. A mother's first abortion is most important, and there are about 1,000,000 of these annually. Thus, 100,000 of these would get breast cancer without aborting. But abortion increases the risk by .UL off _at least_ 50%. 100,000 x 50% = 50,000. This analysis provides a very conservative result. Joel Brind, quoted at the first citation, estimates 75,000.]

 

 

~PC Regarding increased liver cancer risk: "A study of reproductive factors and the risk of primary liver cancer, conducted in Northern Italy between 1984-91, found a 2.1 relative risk for liver cancer for two or more induced abortions and 1.6 relative risk factor for one abortion compared with women with no abortion history." C. LaVeccia et al., "Reproductive Factors and the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Women," Int'l Journal Cancer, 1992, 351, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 7.

 

 

~PC Regarding increased risk for cancer of the cervix: "A case-control study published in 1984 in France showed a 2.3 relative risk for cancer of the cervix for women with one abortion and a 4.92 relative risk for women reporting two or more induced abortions compared with women with no prior abortion history." M-G Le et al.,"Oral Contraceptive Use and Breast or Cervical Cancer: Preliminary Results of a French Case-Control Study," quoted in J. P. Wolff and J. S. Scott, eds., "Hormones and Sexual Factors in Human Cancer Etiology," Excerpta Medica, New York (1984) 139-47.

 

 

~PC "The U.S. Public Health Service and the National Institutes of Health have concluded that, 'child bearing is the most important known factor in preventing ovarian cancer suggesting that hormones play a role in its development. . . . Breast cancer may also increase a woman's chance of developing ovarian cancer.' [National Institute of Public Health, Cancer Rates and Risks, NIH Publication No. 85-691, 3_rd_ Edition, 1985, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 5.] The American Cancer Society states, 'Women who have never had children are twice as likely to develop ovarian cancer as those who have. Early age at first pregnancy, early menopause, and the use of oral contraceptives, which reduces the frequency of ovulation, appear to be protective against ovarian cancer. [But if a woman gets breast cancer for any reason (examples: because of the pill or because of abortion, then . . . ] If a woman has had breast cancer, her chances of developing ovarian cancer double.'" American Cancer Society, Cancer Facts & Figures - 1993, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 5.

 

 

~PC "Several studies have determined that a risk factor for endometrial cancer or cancer of the uterine corpus is few or no children." Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 6.

 

 

~PC From the Abstract section of cited article: "Early FFTP [first full-term pregnancy] confers protection, while induced abortion confers risk. Most specific and controlled variables studies indicate 150% risk for abortions performed on women younger than 18 years of age. Studies have yet to discover the full impact of induced abortion because women who underwent legalized abortion in 1973 are just reaching ages of highest breast cancer incidence." Lucille, Canty, BSN, RN, "Protective Effect of an Early First Full-Term Pregnancy Versus Risk of Induced Abortion," Oncology Nursing Forum, 24 (1997): 1025-31.

 

 

~PC From the Conclusions section of the same article: "The scientific and physiologic data provide overwhelming evidence of the double-edged sword of pregnancy in terms of breast cancer. A pregnancy carried to term provides protection against breast cancer risk, especially for young women during their first pregnancy. On the contrary, interrupting that pregnancy with an induced abortion, especially when a woman is very young and it is her first pregnancy, may increase risk for breast cancer significantly. With at least one of every four U.S. women having an abortion in her life (Daling et al., 1994), this risk factor becomes extremely relevant. . . . Most breast cancer risk factors are outside of human control, but induced abortion is a matter of choice and, with awareness and information, its influence as a risk factor could be diminished." Lucille, Canty, BSN, RN, "Protective Effect of an Early First Full-Term Pregnancy Versus Risk of Induced Abortion," Oncology Nursing Forum, 24 (1997): 1025-31.

 

 

~PC "A case control study of cervical carcinoma in situ was conducted by a standard questionnaire among 133 women aged 15-50 years between 1979-85 in Santiago, Chile. The 254 controls were 2 women in the same 5 year age group as the corresponding case and who also had a normal Pap smear closest in time to the abnormal smear that led to the carcinoma in situ diagnosis. Several sexual variables were associated with an increased risk of carcinoma in situ. These included history of prior miscarriages, any prior aborted pregnancy, including spontaneous and induced abortions, total number of pregnancies, number of sexual partners and age at first sexual intercourse. The relative risk for carcinoma in situ for women with no abortion history was 1.85 (1.20-2.86, 95% C.I.). The relative risk for carcinoma in situ for a woman with an induced abortion was 1.38 (0.84-2.27, 95% C.I.) compared to women with no induced abortion history." R. Molina, D.B. Thomas, A. Dabancens, "Oral Contraceptives and Cervical Carcinoma in Situ in Chile," Cancer Research, 15 February 1988, 1011-1015.

 

 

~PC "A case-control study by researchers in Milan, Italy of 528 cases of invasive cancer was compared with 456 control subjects hospitalized for acute conditions unrelated to any of the established or suspected risk factors for cervical cancer. Relative risks for invasive cervical cancer for women with one induced abortion compared to women with no induced abortion history were 1.89, 1.60 and 1.69 based upon Mantel-Haenszel (M-H) estimates adjusted for age, M-H estimates adjusted for age and age at first intercourse, respectively. For women with a history of two or more induced abortions compared with women with no induced abortion history the M-H estimates of risk were 2.38, 2.41 and 1.44 based upon the same adjustments in the same order as above." F. Parazzini, et al., "Reproductive Factors and the Risk of Invasive and Intraepithelial Cervical Neoplasia", Br. J. Cancer, 59 (1989), 805-809.

 

 

~PC "A case-control study of 39 cases of cervical adenocarcinoma were compared to 409 controls admitted to area hospitals in the Milan, Italy area during 1981-86 for surgical or other traumatic injury. The median age for both cases and controls was 53 years. A history of one or more induced abortions has a relative risk of 2.5 (1.2-5.3, 95% C.I.) for cervical adenocarcinoma compared to women with no induced abortion history using Mantel-Haenszel estimates adjusted for age and age at first birth and parity. The Mantel-Haenszel estimates of relative risk adjusted for age at first intercourse were 3.7 (1.6-8.2, 95% C.I.) for a woman with a history of one or more induced abortions compared to a woman with no history of induced abortion." Parazzini, et al., "Risk Factors for Adenocarcinoma of the Cervix: A Case-Control Study," F. Br. J. Cancer , 57 (1988): 201.

 

 

~PC "A comprehensive 1993 review article is: Joel Brind, "Induced Abortion as an Independent Risk Factor for Breast Cancer," Association for Interdisciplinary Research Newsletter, Summer, 1993, 1-8."

 

 

~PC "A comprehensive 1993 review article is: Scott W. Somerville, "Before You Choose: The Link Between Abortion and Breast Cancer," AIM, P.O. Box 871, Purcellville, VA 22132 ."

 

 

~PC "A correlation study in the USSR based on official abortion statistics and regional cancer incidence data for the period 1959-1985 showed a significant contribution of induced abortion to the variance of cervical cancer. The correlation between cervical cancer age adjusted incidence rates for women in 70 areas of Russia was 0.77 according to parametric tests and also 0.77 according to Spearman non-parametric rank criteria." L.I. Remennick, "Reproductive Patterns and Cancer Incidence in Women: A Population-Based Correlation Study in the USSR," Int'l J. Epidemiology, 18 (1989): 498.

 

 

~PC "A hospital based case-control study in Northern Italy between 1984-91 found that the risk of liver cancer increased with parity. The relative risk for 1 or more induced abortions was 1.6 (0.7-3.6, 95% C.I.) and for two or more abortions was 2.1 (1.0-4.3, 95% C.I.) based upon estimates from multiple logistic regression equations. p 184] C. LaVecchia, E. Negri, S. Franceschi, B. D'Avanzo, "Reproductive Factors and the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Women," Int'l. J. Cancer, 52 (1992), 351.

 

 

~PC "A study of 1,869 cases of breast cancer in Washington state women (ages 25-) found that the incidence of breast cancer increased 22% between 1974-77 and 1982-84. The estimated annual increase was 2.5%. The risk for black women doubled based on small numbers. Conclusion: One reason for the increase may be the dramatic exposure to induced abortion. Black women have a higher abortion rate than white women." E. White, et. al., "Rising Incidence of Breast Cancer Among Young Women in Washington State," Journal of the National Cancer Institute, August 1987, 293?-243?.

 

 

~PC "Breast-Cancer Risk: Several recent studies have added to the existing research which concludes that an induced abortion increases the likelihood of breast cancer. This is of particular significance because approximately 44,000 women die each year from breast cancer in the U.S. Induced abortion, particularly of the first pregnancy, results in the loss of the protective effect against breast cancer if the first pregnancy is carried to term. There is substantial evidence that induced abortion is an independent risk factor for breast cancer in women. Induced abortion may be implicated in other types of cancer as well. The long-term effects of induced abortion on cancer in post-menopausal women are generally unknown. . . ." MAB, ii-v.

 

 

~PC "Dysplasia of the cervix is increasing among adolescents. Sexually active teenagers, especially those who become pregnant, are at high risk for developing cervical dysplasia and, ultimately, cervical cancer." Mark Spitzer and Burton A. Krumholz, "Pap Screening for Teenagers: A Life-Saving Precaution," Contemporary OB/GYN, January 1988, 3341.

 

 

~PC "In a Canadian study of 154 pregnant women with breast cancer, 20% of the 116 patients who carried their children to term were ultimately cured of their cancer, 40% of the 13 patients who spontaneously aborted were cured, but none of the 21 patients who had a 'therapeutic' abortion survived. It was concluded that a 'therapeutic' abortion did not confer any benefit and may reduce survival." R.M. Clark, T. Chua, Clin", Breast Cancer and Pregnancy: The Ultimate Challenge," Oncology, a Journal Of The Royal College of Radiologists, 1 (1989): 11-18.

 

 

~PC "In a Howard University case control study of African-American women seen at their hospital from 1978-1987, the multiple logistic estimates of the odds ratio for breast cancer among women under 40 years of age, between 41-49 years and over 50 years was 1.5, 2.8 and 4.7, respectively, among women with a history of induced abortions compared to women with no history of induced abortions." A.E. Laing, et al., "Breast Cancer Risk Factors in African-American Women: The Howard University Tumor Registry Experience," J. National Medical Association, December 1993, 931-939.

 

 

~PC "In a study of 1,248 cases of carcinoma in situ of the cervix in Tokyo, the women in the cancer group had a significantly greater number of abortions than the control group. It was concluded that the cervical repair process after abortion seems to be too important to disregard as a factor in the development of carcinoma in situ." I. Fujimoto, H. Nemoto, K. Fuduka, S. Masubuchi, "Epidemiologic Study of Carcinoma in Situ of the Cervix," J. of Reproductive Medicine, July 1985, 535.

 

 

~PC "In a study of 163 white women less than 33 years of age in the Los Angeles area, a first-trimester abortion before a first full-term pregnancy was associated with a 2.4-fold increase in risk of breast cancer." M.C. Pike, et al., "Oral Contraceptive Use and Early Abortion as Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Young Women," British Journal of Cancer, 43 (1981): 72.

 

 

~PC "In a study of genetic markers in premenopausal breast tumors, it was found that tumors from patients with any abortions before a first full-term pregnancy were 26 times more likely to show amplification for the INT2 gene which was an indication of faster tumor growth and lower survival." H. Olsson, et al., "Her-2/neu and INT2 Proto-oncognene Amplification in Malignant Breast Tumors in Relation to Reproductive Factors and Exposure to Exogenous Hormones," J. National Cancer Institute, 16 October 1991, 1483.

 

 

~PC "Some 1,451 women with breast cancer were matched with population controls by year of birth and by residence using zip codes in upstate New York. Those with a history of induced abortion as determined by fetal death records had a 1.9 odds ratio compared with controls." H.L. Howe, R.T. Senie, H. Bzduch and P. Herzfeld, "Early Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk Among Women Under Age 40," International J. of Epidemiology, 18(2) (1989): 300-304.

 

 

~PC "When relative risks for induced abortion were subjected to multiple logistic regression equations including adjustments for age, marital status, education, age at first intercourse, number of sexual partners, history of Pap smears, smoking habits, oral contraceptive use, number of live births, and age at first birth, the relative risk computed by multiple logistic regression ranged from 1.26-1.39 for women with one ore more induced abortions compared to women reporting no induced abortion with no significant trend shown with increasing number of induced abortions." Citation not known.

 

 

~PC ("Postmenopausal women who develoop endometrial cancer . . . are more likely than others to have had their last pregnancy end in an . . . induced abortion." C. P. McPherson et al., "Reproductive Factors and Risk of Endometrial Cancer: The Iowa Women's Health Study," American Journal of Epidemiology, 143, 1996, 1195-1202, quoted in "Miscarriage and Abortion Are Related to Increased Endometrial Cancer Risk," Family Planning Perspectives, November/December 1996, 286.

 

~PC The following, through citation 22, is from Brent Rooney of Vancouver, Canada.  His web site is www.nocancer.net

 

Having a full-term birth reduces mom's risk of contracting three of the four major cancer killers  of  women  in  the  U.S.  Prevention beats cure any day of the week. Let's compare cancer death risks of childless women with moms:

 

Cancer death risk 

Moms  (term births)

Childless Women 

Cancer Mortality Rank

Breast*

LOWER Risk  

HIGHER Risk  

#2 Cancer Killer

Colorectal

LOWER Risk  

HIGHER Risk

#3 Cancer Killer

Ovarian    

LOWER Risk

HIGHER Risk

#4 Cancer Killer

 

*To get lower breast cancer risk, mom must have a first birth before about age 32. The more years before age 32, the greater the breast cancer risk reduction.

 

That full-term births reduce the risk of breast cancer and ovarian  cancer  is well accepted by medical researchers.­1-8  But what about colorectal?  There are now a substantial number of studies that report that nulliparity (i.e. being childless) increases  colorectal  cancer  risk.12-21 For example, highly regarded researcher Dr. Janet Daling (et al.) reported, "The finding of an elevated risk of colon cancer among  women  of low parity [i.e. total births] is consistent with  other  epidemiological data."12       In this study moms had a lower risk of colon cancer than childless women; those with three or more births  had  a 50% reduced risk of colon cancer.12  Utah Mormon women (who have good reproductive factors) have about a 30%-40% reduced risk of colorectal cancer compared to non-Mormon women living in Utah.18

 

A woman who has a first birth at age 32 has a 41% higher breast cancer risk than  if she had had a first birth at age.22  Long  term (at  least 3 years) breastfeeding further reduces breast cancer risk by another (relative) 30%-40%.9-11   It appears to reduce ovarian cancer risk also.8    

 

Citations

1. Brian MacMahon, et al., International J Cancer, 1983;31:701-704   

2. Nancy Krieger, Breast cancer Research & Treatment; 1989;13:205-213   

3. A Tavani, et al., International J Cancer, 1997;70:159-163   

4. Emily White, American J Public Health, 1987;77:495-497   

5. A Decarli, et al., International J Cancer, 1996;67:184-189   

6. Brian MacMahon, et al., Bull WHO, 1970;43:209-221   

7. V Chinchilli, et al., J Epidemiology & Community Health, 1996;50: 481-496   Ovarian Cancer Risk (a meta-analysis):   

8. Alice Whittemore, et al., American J Epidemiology, 1992;136:1184-1203

9. I Romieu, et al. American J Epidemiology, 1996;143:543-552  

10. PA Newcomb, et al., New England J Medicine, 1994;330:81-87  

11. JL Freudenhein, et al, American J Epidemiology, 1996;143:S32

12. Janet Daling, et al., JNCI, 1981;67:57-60  

13. CL Vecchia, et al., European J Cancer, 1991;27:604-608  

14. M Slattery, et al., Epidemiologic Reviews, 1993;15:499-545  

15. GR Howe, et al., JNCI, 1985;74:1155-1159  

16. GA Kune, et al., American J Epidemiology, 1989;129:533-542  

17. JD Potter, et al., JNCI, 1980;71:703-709  

18. JL Lyon, et al., JNCI, 1980;65:1055-1061  

19. JD Potter, et al., JNCI, 1980;65:1201-1207  

20. K Tajima, et al., British J Cancer, 1999,79(11/12):1901-1906  

21. LG Dales, et al., American J Epidemiology, 1978;109:132-144

22. A Green, et al., British Medical J, 1988;297:391-395    

 

 

 

 

Physical Effects: Death

 

~PD The unadjusted mortality rate per 100,000 cases was 27 for women who had given birth, 48 for women who had miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies, and 101 for women who had abortions. Thus, the mortality rate from abortion is 101/27 = 3.7 times higher for abortion than for giving birth. Fissler, M, et al., "Pregnancy-associated deaths in Finland 1987 - 1994--definition problems and benefits of record linkage," Acta Obstetricia et Gynecolgical Scandinavica, 76:651-657, 1997.

 

 

~PD "A recent analysis of just a few abortion-related complications indicates that the number of indirect deaths attributable to abortion exceeds 25,000 per year." Thomas W. Strahan, "Women's Health and Abortion II- Risk of Premature Death in Women From Induced Abortion: Preliminary Findings," Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993. This does not count additional deaths from breast cancer.

 

 

~PD The Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, May, 1985, said that abortion is the sixth leading cause of maternal death in this country.

 

 

~PD "Women have a 58% greater risk of dying during a later pregnancy." DRABSNM

 

 

~PD Carol Everett, former clinic killing center owner says, "The last 18 months I was involved in the abortion industry we maimed to the point of major surgery one woman out of every five hundred. Let me define maimed. Hysterectomy, colostomy because her uterus had been perforated (punctured), and her bowel pulled through her vagina...or urinary tract repair because they had perforated her uterus and cut her urinary tract. Or...we had one death. A 32-year-old woman with two children. We never took them to the closest hospital. We never called an ambulance. An ambulance is a terrible advertisement in front of an abortion clinic." Carol N. Everett, Women's Lobby program on KFIA Radio (California), January 1990.

 

 

~PD In another case, Carol Everett says, "And the second time he went in with those big forceps he perforated her uterus and he pulled her bowl out through her vagina." Carol N. Everett, Women's Lobby program on KFIA Radio (California), January 1990.

 

 

~PD Researcher Ann Saltenberger says, "What had I learned in three years of studying the effects of legal abortion? That there are myriad complications and that there are no guarantees of safe passage. No doctor, no hospital, no clinic can guarantee a woman she will survive a legal abortion." Saltenberger, 15.

 

 

~PD"What concerns you is, what are your chances of dying from a legal abortion (or childbirth)? The distinction between these two unpleasant possibilities is clear, striking, and significant: the overwhelming majority of women who die from a legal abortion are perfectly healthy before their lethal surgery; in carrying their pregnancies to term few--if any--would die. But most maternal childbirth deaths occur within a very small group of high-risk patients. "Most Mother, Child Mortality Seen in Small High-Risk Group," Ob Gyn News, 15 May 1981, quoted in Saltenberger, 52. Those women who died in childbirth died from a disease process--an abnormality in the pregnancy/childbirth experience which for some reason could not be adequately treat-ed. No valid comparison can be made between two so entirely different classes of pregnant women: one group healthy and the other group diseased." Comments by Life Research Institute: I.e., childbirth is very safe except for the abnormal person, but abortion is dangerous for every woman.

 

 

~PD "In an attempt to learn how pervasive the problem of serious abortion complications is, an American obstetrician surveyed 486 of his colleagues regarding their experience with abortion patients. 87% revealed they had hospitalized women with complications following legal abortions; 91% had treated patients for complications. Twenty-nine of the doctors reported patients of theirs dying from legally-induced abortions." M. J. Bulfin, "Deaths and Near Deaths with Legal Abortions," presented at the ACOG (American Col.of Ob/Gyn) Convention, 28 October 1975, quoted in Saltenberger, 52.

 

 

~PD "Ectopic pregnancy rose from 17,800 cases in 1970 to 73,700 cases in 1986. Nearly 800,000 women have been hospitalized for ectopic pregnancy since 1970. Thirty-six women reportedly died from ectopic pregnancy in 1986." H. Lawson, et al., "Ectopic Pregnancy in the United States," 1970-1986, Centers for Disease Control, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 38, No. SS-2, September 1989.

 

 

~PD "From 1972-1979, hemorrhage was the third most frequent cause of death from legal abortion, accounting for 15% of deaths. If abortions are performed in free-standing clinics, the capability for rapid transportation to a nearby well-equipped hospital must be assured. Inordinate delays while waiting for an ambulance contributed to several deaths. The back-up hospital must have the ability to begin a laparotomy quickly and to transfuse large amounts of blood products." D. Grimes, et al., "Fatal Hemorrhage from Legal Abortion in the United States," Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics, November 1983, 461-466.

 

 

~PD "In an investigation of four Chicago-based abortion clinics (out of more than 20 in the state), investigative reporters for the Chicago Sun-Times uncovered 12 abortion deaths that had never been reported. Even when abortion-related deaths such as these are uncovered, they are not generally included in the "official" total since they were not reported as such on the original death certificates." DRABSNM,109.

 

 

~PD "Maternal Death: Maternal death related to childbirth or induced abortion appears to be seriously under reported. Differing interpretations of the term 'maternal death' by various federal, state or local agencies makes any direct comparison between the risk of maternal death from childbirth or induced abortion impossible under the current circumstances." MAB, ii-v.

 

 

~PD "Of the leading causes of direct maternal deaths during 1980-85, 45.5% were known to have been associated with delivery by cesarean section. It was concluded that maternal deaths from childbirth and abortion are underreported. [One method of late-term abortion is cesarean section.]" R. Rochat, L. Koonin, H. Atrash, J. Jewett, "Maternal Mortality in the United States: Report From the Maternal mortality Collaborative," Obstetrics and Gynecology, 72 (1988): 91.

 

 

~PD "The cause of death from legal abortion during 1979-1985 was hemorrhage (22.2%); infection (13.9%); embolism (15.3%); anesthesia (29.2%) and other (19.4%)." H.K. Atrash, H. Lawson and J. Smith, "Legal Abortion in the U.S.: Trends and Mortality," Contemporary OB/Gyn, February 1990, 58-69.

 

 

~PD "The incidence of maternal mortality is higher than vital statistics reports indicate. The person certifying the cause of death may not know that a woman had a recent pregnancy. Also, the definition of maternal death can greatly affect the reported incidence of maternal mortality." J. Smith, J. Hughes, P. Pekow and R. Rochat, "An Assessment of the Incidence of Maternal Mortality in the United States," Am. J. Public Health, 74 (1984): 780-783.

 

 

~PD "The results suggest that the mortality rate [during delivery of a subsequent pregnancy] among women who have had abortions (1.9 per 100,000 legal abortions) is almost twice as high as maternal mortality rates for women who have had vaginal deliveries (1.1 per 100,000 live births)." M. Lanska, D. Lanska and A. Rimm", Mortality From Abortion and Childbirth,"(letter), JAMA, 15 July 1983, 361-362.

 

 

~PD "The state of California reported no deaths from abortion during 1982 and 1984, yet there was incontrovertible evidence from death certificates, police reports, coroner's reports and other sources that at least four women and teenage girls died from legal abortions in Los Angeles County alone during 1983 and 1984." "Brief of Amicus Curiae Feminists for Life of America, Women Exploited by Abortion, etc., Christine Smith Torre, Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, (1988), 22.

 

 

~PD "I think we have deluded ourselves into believing that people don't know that abortion is killing. So any pretense that abortion is not killing is a signal of our ambivalence, a signal that we cannot say yes, it kills a fetus, but it is the woman's body, and therefore ultimately her choice." Faye Wattleton, past president of Planned Parenthood Federation of America, in Ms, May/June 1997.

 

 

~PD A Finnish study disputes claims by abortion advocates that abortion is safer for a woman than childbirth. The results are startling. A woman's risk of dying within a year after an abortion was four times higher than the risk of dying after miscarriage or childbirth, according to the study. The study involved maternal post-abortion deaths of 9,192 Finnish women, aged 15-49, during the period of 1987-1994. The study results were released in 1997 by STAKES, the statistical analysis unit of Finland's National Research and Development Center for Welfare and Health.

 

 

~PD "Even though most abortion-related deaths are not officially reported as such1, legal abortion is reported to be the fifth leading cause of maternal death in the U.S.2   By extending their scope beyond the very narrow time frame that is examined by most post-abortion studies, the researchers were able to get a better look at how abortion truly affects women's lives.  The results clearly showed that compared to women who carry to term, women who aborted in the year prior to their deaths were:

·       60 percent more likely to die of natural causes,

·       7 times more likely to commit suicide,

·       4 times more likely to have fatal accidents, and

·       14 times more likely to die from homicide.3"

References: 1. K. Sherlock, Victims of Choice (Akron, OH: Brennyman Books, 1996) 134-135, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 2.    2. Kaunitz, "Causes of Maternal Mortality in the United States," Obstetrics and Gynecology, 65(5), May 1985, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 2.    3. Gissler, M., et. al., "Pregnancy-associated deaths in Finland 1987-1994--definition problems and benefits of record linkage," Acta Obstetricia et Gynecolgica Scandinavica 76:651-657 (1977), quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 2.

 

 

Physical Effects: Smoking, Drinking, and Drugs

 

~PS "A study of women entering Boston Hospital for Women during 1975 - 77 found that among women who had 2 or more abortions 51.7% smoked compared with 40.3% for women with a history of 1 abortion and 31.7% for women with no history of abortion." A. Levin, et al., "Association of Induced Abortion With Subsequent Pregnancy Loss," JAMA, 27 June 1980, 2495, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 4.

 

 

~PS "A study conducted by researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology at the University of Washington among 6541 white women during 1984 - 87 found that 18.0% of the women smoked during pregnancy where there was no history of a prior abortion compared with 28.1% (one abortion), 31.0% (two prior abortions), 29.8% (three prior abortions), and 41.6% (four or more prior abortions)." [Smoking is bad for the pre-born baby.] M. Mandelson, C. Maden, J. R. Daling, "Low Birth Weight in Relation to Multiple Induced Abortions," Am. J. Public Health, March 1992, 391-394, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 4.

 

 

~PS "Post-abortive women are also more likely to smoke than women with other pregnancy outcomes, which carries its own set of health risks.26   For example, smoking during pregnancy has been associated with pregnancy loss, premature birth, low birth weight, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and neurological and respiratory problems in infants.  Despite these risks, women with a history of abortion are more likely to smoke during subsequent pregnancies, perhaps a means of relieving post-abortion anxiety.27"   26. See A. Lopes, et al., "The Impact of Multiple Induced Abortions on the Outcome of Subsequent Pregnancy," Australia New Zealand J. Obstet. Gynaecol, 31(1):43-43, 1991; S. Kullander and B. Kallen, "A Prospective Study of Smoking and Pregnancy," Acta Obstet Gynecol Scandinavia, 50:83-94, 1971; C. J. Hogue, "Low birth weight subsequent to induced abortion.  A Historical prospective of 948 women in Skopje, Yugoslavia," American J. Obstet Gynecol, 123(7):678-681, Dec. 1, 1975, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 4.      27. M. T. Mandelson, C. B. Maden and J. R. Daling, "Low Birth Weight in Relation to Multiple Induced Abortions," American J. Public Health, 82(3):391-394, March 1992, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 4.

 

 

~PS "Induced abortion, including legalized abortion, is a risk factor for smoking in women. A study of women patients entering Boston Hospital for Women during 1976 - 78 found that 31.7% smoked if there was no history of abortion compared to 40.3% (one abortion) or 51.7% (two or more abortions). (Levin, et al., 2495-2499, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 1.) A large scale study conducted by the World Health Organization on Arab and Jewish women found that among current smokers, 12.3% reported a prior induced abortion compared to only 6.3% among women who had never smoked. (Harlap and Davies, "Characteristics of Pregnant Women Reporting Previous Induced Abortions," Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 1975, 149, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 1.) A Swedish study conducted during 1970 - 78 found that 37% of women reporting prior abortion smoked 10 or more cigarettes per day compared to only 21.1% for parity matched controls and 18.9% for Swedish women generally. The Swedish study also reported that women who had prior abortions were more often teenagers and unmarried at a subsequent delivery than controls, and were also more likely to be smoking during pregnancy. (Meirik and Nygren, "Outcome of First Delivery After 2_nd_ Trimester Two-Stage Induced Abortion: A Historical Cohort Study, ACTA. Obstet. Gynecol. Scand., 1984, 45-50, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 1.) The results of these earlier studies have been recently confirmed in a study of 6541 white women in the major urban counties of Washington state who delivered during 1984 - 87. Among women with no abortion history only 18.0% smoked during pregnancy compared with 28.1% (one abortion) or 41.6% (four or more abortions)." M. T. Mandelson, et al., 391-394, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 1.

 

 

~PS "If all smoking related deaths were taken into account the 2% smoking increase in post abortion women would lead to approximately 11,250 deaths annually." "And if induced abortion increased smoking rates 15% the annual death rate would be approximately 84,405." (NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 3.) Note by Life Research Institute: All these figures are in proportion. That is, 1% corresponds with 11,250/2 = 5,625 deaths annually. So, from the studies choose what percent increase is most likely. Multiply times 5,625. That's how many extra women die because of the abortion-smoking connection.

 

 

~PS "There is other evidence that induced abortion is a major direct or indirect factor in smoking. It is known that women frequently smoke for emotional reasons to attempt to relieve depression or anxiety or as an attempt to cope with stress. R. W. Coan, "Personality Variables Associated with Cigarette Smoking," J. of Personality and Social Psychology, 1973, 86-104, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 2. "The available evidence [more abortions coincide with more smoking], particularly with respect to emotional problems as abortion is repeated, is a strong indicator that abortion does not relieve stress and anxiety over the long run but instead increases it."

 

 

~PS "According to the most recent figures [probably 1965 - 1990 data] women smokers are 10.8 times more likely to die from lung cancer than women non-smokers." L. Garfinkel and E. Silverberg, "Lung Cancer and Smoking Trends in the United States Over the Past 25 Years," CA - A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, May-June 1991, 137, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 3.

 

 

~PS "In a California study of smoking and drinking practices of over 12,000 pregnant women during 1975 - 77, women reporting a history of two or more abortions nearly all (98.5%) reported consuming alcohol during the entire 9 months of subsequent pregnancy intended to be carried to term. This was a much higher level than women who reported their health as good or excellent (19.7%)." Kuzma and Kissinger, "Patterns of Alcohol and Cigarette Use in Pregnancy," Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology, 1981, 211-221, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 4.

 

 

~PS "Since women who have had abortions have a higher incidence of alcohol abuse compared to women without any abortion history, they have a higher risk of a fatal crash in a motor vehicle." "A 1981 random survey of U.S. women found that women with a history of abortion were more than twice as likely to be heavy drinkers (13%) compared to U.S. women in general (6%). Driving while intoxicated was a problem for 45% of the heavy drinkers but only 17% of women drinkers generally." A. Klassen and S. Wilsnack, "Sexual Experience and Drinking Among Women in a U.S. National Survey," Archives of Sexual Behavior, 1986, 363; and R. Wilsnack, et al., "Women's Drinking and Drinking Patterns from a 1981 National Survey," Am. J. Public Health, November 1984, 1231, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 4.

 

 

~PS "Induced abortion is a direct cause of drug abuse in 15 - 20% of the women who have abortions. ( T. W. Strahan, "The Incidence and Effects of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in Women Following Induced Abortions," NAIRVSC, Summer 1990, 1-8, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 3.) Women with a history of abortion are frequently able to recall that the onset of drug abuse or increased drug abuse occurred as a direct result of their abortion experience and have stated that drugs were used to attempt to repress the abortion experience or to overcome nightmares or insomnia as a result of their abortions." Reardon, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Spring 1993, 3.

 

 

~PS "A study of Boston Inner-City women enrolled for prenatal care found that women with a history of two prior abortions were more than twice as likely to be using cocaine during pregnancy (19% v. 9%) and three times more likely to use cocaine with a history of 3 or more abortions (9% v. 3%) compared with non-cocaine using controls." D. A. Frank, et al., "Cocaine Use During Pregnancy, Prevalence and Correlates," Pediatrics, December 1988, 888, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 4.

 

 

~PS "A study on maternal drug use at UCSD Medical Center in San Diego found that women who used cocaine and/or methamphetamine averaged 1.7 abortions compared with 1.2 abortions for non-drug using controls. Women who used heroin or methadone had an average of 2.4 prior abortions and women who used both heroin and either cocaine or methamphetamine had an average of 2.7 prior abortions." A. S. Oro and S. D. Dixon, "Prenatal Cocaine and Methamphetamine Exposure: Maternal and Neo-Natal Correlates," J. Pediatrics, 1987, 571, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 4.

 

 

~PS "Women who abort are nearly four times more likely to start abusing drugs or alcohol." David C. Reardon, The Post-Abortion Review, "NEW STUDY CONFIRMS LINK BETWEEN ABORTION AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE.," Fall 1993, 1.

 

 

~PS "A 1974-75 study at Boston City Hospital found that infants born to heavy drinkers had more than twice the congenital abnormality (32%) compared to abstainers (9%) or light drinkers (14%)." Ouellette et al, "Adverse Effects on Offspring of Maternal Alcohol Abuse During Pregnancy," New England Journal of Medicine, 297 (1977): 528-530. So if, as other entries herein indicate, a woman increases her chances of heavy drinking after aborting versus women who don't abort, then her further offspring are more than twice as likely to have congenital abnormalities.

 

 

~PS "A 1976 Seattle, Washington study of women at a detoxification center found that problem drinkers and secondary alcoholics were found to be significantly more likely to have experienced alcoholic related problems subsequent to an abortion. Sixty-four percent of the secondary alcoholics and 32% of the problem drinkers reported physical fights while drinking." E.R. Morrissey and M.A. Schukit, "Stressful Life Events and Alcohol Problems Among Women Seen at a Detoxification Center," J. Studies on Alcohol, 1978, 1559.

 

 

~PS "A study at the Medical College of Ohio compared differences in 35 women who had their abortions as teenagers with 36 women who had their abortions after the age of 20. Antisocial and paranoid disorders as well as drug abuse and psychotic delusions were found to be significantly higher in the group who aborted as teenagers. Adolescents were more likely to retreat into sexual activity or drug and alcohol abuse." Nancy B. Campbell, K. Franco and S. Jurs, "Abortion in Adolescence," Adolescence, 23(92) (Winter 1988)" 813-823.

 

 

~PS "A study of 253 inner-city Boston adolescents served at Boston City Hospital during 1984-86 found that a history of a prior elected abortion increased by twice (33.0% vs. 16.3%) the likelihood that the adolescent mother was using alcohol, marijuana or cocaine. Some 67.9% of the drug users were American blacks, 8.9% were foreign-born blacks; 44% of the non-users were American blacks, 14.9% of the non-users were foreign-born blacks." H. Amaro, B. Zuckerman and H. Cabral, "Drug Use Among Adolescent Mothers: Profile of Risk," Pediatrics, July 1989, 144-150.

 

 

~PS "A study of 6,363 Swedish women during 1963-64 found that 56.1% of the women smoked who had induced abortions compared with 43.3% smokers among women having given birth. Information on whether the pregnancy was wanted was obtained on 4,843 women. Among those reporting wanted pregnancies, 41.5% were smokers vs. 52.4% among women who reported unwanted pregnancies (later carried to term). Some 18.9% of the women with wanted pregnancies smoked 10 or more cigarettes per day vs. 27.1% of women reporting unwanted pregnancies." S. Kullander and B. Kallen, "A Prospective Study of Smoking and Pregnancy," Acta Obstet. Gynec. Scand., 50 (1971): 83-94.

 

 

~PS "A study of 6541 white women in major urban counties of Washington state who delivered during 1984-87 found that only 18.0% smoked during pregnancy if women reported no prior abortion compared to 28.1% (one abortion) or 41.6% (four or more prior abortions)." M.T. Mandleson, C.B. Madden, J.R. Daling, "Low Birth Weight in Relation to Multiple Induced Abortions," Am. J. Public Health, March 1992, 391.

 

 

~PS "A study of 697 Boston inner-city women during 1984 to determine the extent of cocaine use during pregnancy found that a history of two prior abortions doubled the rate of cocaine use (19% vs. 9%) and a history of three or more abortions tripled the risk of cocaine use (9% vs. 3%) compared with non-cocaine users. Some 62% of the cocaine users were North American blacks, 4% were identified as other blacks, 47% of the non-cocaine users were North American blacks and 19% were identified as other blacks." D.A. Frank, et al., "Cocaine Use During Pregnancy: Prevalence and Correlates," Pediatrics, December 1988, 888-895.

 

 

~PS "A study of 7,327 pregnant women at two Copenhagen hospitals found 63 percent smokers where there was one or more prior induced abortions, 51 percent smokers where there was a history of one or more spontaneous abortions, 49 percent smokers where there was a previous live birth, and 55 percent smokers where there was no previous history of pregnancy. After 28 weeks gestation, 43.1% still smoked during pregnancy if the last pregnancy was terminated by abortion compared to only 32.1% if live birth or 30.2% for no previous pregnancy." E.B. Obel, "Pregnancy Complications Following Legally Induced Abortion: An Analysis of the Population with Special Reference to Prematurity," Danish Medical Bulletin, 26 (1979): 192-199.

 

 

~PS "A study of women patients entering Boston Hospital for Women during 1976-78 found that 31.7% smoked if there was no history of abortion, compared to 40.3% (one abortion) and 51.7% (two or more abortions)." Levin, "Association of Induced Abortion with Subsequent Pregnancy Loss," JAMA, 27 June 1980, 2495.

 

 

~PS "A Swedish study conducted during 1970-78 found that 37% of the women reporting prior abortion smoked 10 or more cigarettes per day compared to only 21.1% for parity matched controls and 18.9% for Swedish women generally. Heavier smoking was more pronounced among women with a history of abortion than for women with no history of abortion." Meirick and Nygren, "Outcome of First Delivery After 2nd Trimester Two-Stage Induced Abortion: A Historical Cohort Study," Acta., Obstet, Gynecol., Scand., 63(1) (1984): 45.

 

 

~PS "According to anecdotal reports, substance abuse occurred in women following induced abortion to overcome nightmares or insomnia, as an attempt to reduce grief reactions, and to repress the abortion experience itself." DRABSNM

 

 

~PS "In a 1981 random survey of 917 women in the U.S., 4% of the abstainers had a prior reported induced abortion versus 13% prior induced abortion rate for moderate or heavy drinkers. Moderate and heavy drinkers combined exceeded lighter drinkers in abortion experience to a statistically significant degree." A. Klassen and S. Wilsnack, "Sexual Experience and Drinking Among Women in a U.S. National Survey," Archives of Sexual Behavior, 15(5) (1986): 363-392.

 

 

~PS "In a Boston inner city study of adolescent mothers in 1984-86, mothers with a prior elective abortion were twice as likely to use alcohol, marijuana, cocaine or opiates than non-drug users (33% v. 16%). Drug users were nearly three times more likely to report being threatened, abused or involved in fights during pregnancy than non-users (24% v. 9%)." Amaro, Cabral, Zuckerman, "Drug Use Among Adolescent Mothers: Profile of Risk," Pediatrics, 84(1) (July 1989): 144.

 

 

~PS "In a California study of more than 12,000 women during 1975-1977, of those having a history of two or more abortions, virtually all (98.5%) consumed alcohol throughout the entire 9 months of a subsequent pregnancy and at higher levels than any of the other categories studied (up to 3 oz. Per day). Overall, 51% of the women drank and 35% smoked during the pregnancy." J. Kuzma and D. Kissinger, "Patterns of Alcohol and Cigarette Use in Pregnancy," Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology, 3 (1981): 211-221.

 

 

~PS "In a later study of 4,719 Swedish women during 1970-1978, 58.1% of those women with a history of abortion smoked (37.4% smoked 10 or more cigarettes per day) compared with 40.4% smokers among parity-matched controls (21.1% of parity-matched controls smoked 10 or more cigarettes per day) and all Swedish women generally in 1975 (37.8% smoked and 18.9% of all Swedish women smoked 10 r more cigarettes per day)." O. Meirik, K.G. Nygren, "Outcome of First Delivery After Second Trimester Two Staged Induced Abortion: A Controlled Historical Cohort Study," Acta Obstet. Gynecol. Scand., 63(1) (1984): 45-50.

 

 

~PS "In a San Diego study of drug use, women who used cocaine and/or methamphetamine averaged 1.7 abortions compared with 1.2 abortions for non-drug using controls. Women who used heroin or methadone were more likely to have had abortions (2.4 vs. 1.2) than non-drug using controls. Infants exposed to both heroin and either cocaine or methamphetamine had mothers with the highest number of pregnancies (5) and abortions (2.7). These infants had the highest percentage of no prenatal care, prematurity, poorer growth, small birth weight and fetal distress." A.S. Oro and S.D. Dixon, "Perinatal Cocaine and Methamphetamine Exposure: Maternal and Neonatal Correlates," Journal of Pediatrics, 111 (1987): 571-578.

 

 

~PS "In a Scottish study of 1,008 women, those with a history of induced abortion had higher levels of alcohol consumption than those with a history of stillbirth, spontaneous abortion, or having had a mentally or physically handicapped child, according to self-reports of the women involved." Moria Plant, Women, Drinking and Pregnancy, (Tavistock Publications: London, 1985).

 

 

~PS "In a study of drug abuse among Boston inner-city women during pregnancy, those using cocaine were twice as likely to have a history of two elective abortions (19% vs. 9%) and three times more likely to have had three or more elective abortions (9% vs. 3%) than non-cocaine using controls." D.A. Frank, B. Zuckerman, H. Amaro, K. Aboagye, "Cocaine Use During Pregnancy: Prevalence and Correlates," Pediatrics, December 1988, 888-895.

 

 

~PS "In a study of inner-city adolescent mothers, those with a history of induced abortion were twice as likely to be involved in alcohol, marijuana or cocaine compared with non-using controls." H. Amaro, B. Zuckerman and H. Cabral, "Drug Use Among Adolescent Mothers: Profile of Risk," Pediatrics, July 1989, 144-150.

 

 

~PS "In a survey of 700 women who responded to a random questionnaire survey, the rate of substance abuse was reported to be 14.6% among women who aborted their first pregnancy compared to 3.8% among women who did not abort their first pregnancy. Women who engaged in substance abuse prior to their first pregnancy were excluded from the study." David C. Reardon, "New Study Confirms Link Between Abortion and Substance Abuse," The Post-Abortion Review, Fall 1993, 6.

 

 

~PS "In a Washington State Study of 6541 women who delivered a child between 1984-87, 41.6% of the women smoked during this pregnancy if they had a history of 4 or more induced abortions compared with 31.0% smokers (2 prior abortions), 28.1% smokers (1 prior abortion), or 18.0% smokers (no prior abortions.)" M.T. Mandelson, C.B. Maden, J.R. Daling, "Low Birth Weight in Relation to Multiple Induced Abortions," Am.J. Public Health, March 1993, 391-394.

 

 

~PS "Increased use of alcohol, tobacco, drugs and tranquilizers was found in women who aborted compared to women who carried to term where each group had presented for abortion for psychiatric reasons at a Capetown, South Africa hospital." S.A. Drower and E.S. Nash, "Therapeutic Abortion on Psychiatric Grounds," South Africa Medical Journal, 7 Oct 1978, 604-608.

 

 

~PS "Smokers have twice the rate of reporting previous induced abortion than non-smokers, i.e. 12 percent vs. 6 percent based upon standardized rates among Arab and Israeli women." S. Harlap and A. Davies, "Characteristics of Pregnancy Women Reporting Previous Induced Abortions," Bulletin World Health Organization, 52 (1975): 149.

 

 

~PS "Substance Abuse: Women who have had abortions frequently report their first heavy use of alcohol or drugs to attempt to alleviate the stress related to abortion. Substance abuse in women following abortion may occur in an attempt to overcome nightmares or insomnia, as an attempt to reduce grief reactions and to attempt to repress the abortion experience itself. MAB, ii-v.

 

 

~PS "Women patients of Boston Hospital had smoking rates of 31.7 percent with no prior induced abortion, 40.3 percent with one prior abortion and 51.7 percent with two or more prior abortions." A. Levin, et al., "Association of Induced Abortion with Subsequent Pregnancy Loss," Journal of the American Medical Association, 27 June 1980, 2495-2499.

 

 

~PS Myfawny Sanders, director of the Women's Pregnancy Center in Peoria, Ill., says she has never met a woman in prison who doesn't blame her incarceration partly on past abortions.

 

 

Mrs. Sanders, who works mainly with women with drug problems, says that because of "the emotional pain caused by [their past] abortions, these girls took any measure necessary to get their drug of choice," then ended up in jail.

 

 

~PS "Women who have an abortion are five times more likely to report subsequent substance abuse compared to women who carry to term, according to a study published in the latest issue of American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.

 

 

The study was authored by Elliot Institute director Dr. David Reardon and Dr. P. Ney, a British Columbia psychiatrist who specializes in post-abortion counseling. This is at least the 15th published study connecting abortion to subsequent drug or alcohol abuse. . . .

 

 

'Even if we assume the lowest statistical range for the relative risk, our results would indicate that there are between 150,000 and 500,000 new cases of abortion-related substance abuse per year,' Reardon said.

 

 

Ney notes that these findings are especially disturbing since substance abuse is a leading cause of neonatal death and malformation in subsequent planned pregnancies. . . .

 

 

A recent major study of death certificates and government medical records in Finland has shown that the risk of death from suicide is six times higher for women who have had an abortion compared to women who gave birth. The researchers also found that the risk of dying from accidents and homicide was four and twelve times higher, respectively." The Post-Abortion Review, "15th Study Links Abortion, Substance Abuse," January - March 2000, 8.

 

 

 

Physical Effects: General Physical Problems

 

~PG From Dayton Women's Health Center, Iowa: "Mary was rushed to the hospital after her abortion due to profuse bleeding. The attending physicians discovered 'the entire front of her uterus was blown away.' After the surgeon removed the damaged uterus, they explored her abdominal cavity. Behind her liver they found the decapitated head of a 24 week old pre-born child."

 

 

~PG Researcher George Grant says, "'There are a lot more complications out there than anyone seems to care to believe,' says Dean. 'It is a national health disaster'" George Grant, Grand Illusions: The Legacy of Planned Parenthood (Brentwood, TN: Wolgemuth & Hyatt, 1984) 66.

 

 

~PG "Although Planned Parenthood stubbornly refuses to admit publicly that such a disaster exists, privately it is quite concerned." George Grant, Grand Illusions: The Legacy of Planned Parenthood (Brentwood, TN: Wolgemuth & Hyatt, 1984) 66.

 

 

~PG Researcher Doug Scott says, "Dr. Beverly McMillen, a former abortionist from Jackson, Mississippi, notes that Planned Parenthood claims of few complications are unreliable. 'Planned Parenthood clinics, and free-standing abortion clinics like them, claim they have an untarnished record of no complications from their abortion procedures, but what they don't know is that I'm the practitioner who sees their complications. These women don't go back to the clinic where they've had a bad experience. They show up in my office or in my emergency room with their bleeding or with their infections or with their retained placenta, needing another D&C.'" "A Close Look at Planned Parenthood," Focus on the Family radio program, 27-27 October 1989, quoted in Douglas R. Scott, Inside Planned Parenthood, (Grand Rapid, MI: Frontlines Publishing, 1990) 86.

 

 They show up in my office, or in my emergency room with their bleeding or with their infections or with their retained placenta . . .

 

 

~PG Quoting Saltenberger again, below are just a very few excerpts from her list of complications:

 

 

~PG "'Infection is the main cause of death associated with legal abortion in the United States.' (D. A. Grimes & W. Cates, "Complications from Legally-Induced Abortion: A Review," Ob Gyn Survey, 1979, 177-91, quoted in Saltenberger, 29.) Infection was the leading cause of abortion-related deaths of 104 women in a CDC report. (A. M. Kimball et al., "Deaths caused by Pulmonary Thromboembolism After Legally Induced Abortion, " American Journal Ob & Gyn, 15 September 1978, 169-74, quoted in Saltenberger 29.) In another study 'documented incomplete abortion caused each of the four deaths from infection.'" D. A. Grimes, et al., "Comparative Risk of Death from Legally Induced Abortion in Hospitals and Non- Hospital Facilities," Ob & Gyn, March 1978, 323-26, quoted in Saltenberger, 29."

 

 

~PG Researcher Kogut says, "Physical damage to the mother is also very common. There are several reasons we don't hear much about this. First, most abortions are done in clinics whose records are insufficiently inspected. When a complication occurs, the clinics really have no incentive to turn themselves in. Second, deaths from abortion generally are not reported as deaths from abortion. Rather, the death might be from a perforated (punctured) uterus or internal bleeding. Thus, abortion seems safe." Kenneth E. Kogut, The Facts of Pro-Life, n.p., 64.

 

 

~PG Following is a long list of the physical damages that can occur as a result of abortions: death, infection, hemorrhage, cervical damage, damage and loss of other internal organs, perforation of the uterus, menstrual irregularity, headaches, dizziness, blood clots, AIDS from blood transfusions, AIDS or Hepatitis from increased drug and needle use (see list below of psychological damages showing increased drug use), increased probability of future miscarriages, stillbirths, sterility, ectopic (tubal) pregnancies, menstrual disturbances, other bleeding, shock, coma, peritonitis, cold sweats, and much more." Kenneth E. Kogut, The Facts of Pro-Life, n.p., 64.

 

 

~PG A Wynn and Wynn Study shows that 3 - 5 percent of aborters are left sterile. (Both of the Wynns are pro-abortion.) Arthur Wynn and Margaret Wynn, "Some Consequences of Induced Abortion to Children Born Subsequently," British Med. Journal, 3 March 1973.

 

 

~PG From a David Reardon flyer of 1986:

 

 

~PG "47% of women in a study stated that they had suffered one or more physical complications following their abortions.

 

~PG 31% Of these stated the complication was very minor and 26% Said it was of a moderate nature, and 35% Said it was very severe.

 

~PG Of short-term complications: 15% Reported post-operative hemorrhage and 9% Reported infection. Post-operative infections are frequently the result of an incomplete abortion and must be treated by a second operation.

 

~PG Of long-term, delayed complications: 6% Required a total hysterectomy 8% Reported total or partial blockage of fallopian tubes 6% Got cervical cancer 22% Later had a miscarriage of a wanted child 8% Were diagnosed as suffering from cervical incompetence" (These were random samples, not a poll of all the women.)

 

 

~PG Famous pro-life leader, Jack Willke, says, "A busy chief of an OB department in Ft. Lauderdale reported, 'An unusually large number of complications are being seen by private physicians. Because many of these adolescent patients, in who complications develop, do not return to the physician who did the abortion, accurate data on complications are difficult to obtain.'" M. Bulfin, "A New Problem in Adolescent Gynecology," Southern Med. Journal, August 1979, quoted in Dr. Jack Willke and Barbara Willke, Abortion: Questions & Answers, (Cincinnati, OH: Hayes Publishing Company, 1988) 96.

 

 

~PG "According to renowned obstetrician and gynecologist Matthew Bulfin, the reason that . . . estimated figures are so skewed is that Planned Parenthood and the various other agencies that measure maternal complication rates are 'missing vital input for their mortality and morbidity studies by not seeking information from the physicians who see the complications from legal abortions--emergency room physicians and the obstetricians and gynecologists in private practice. The physicians who do the abortions, and the clinics and centers where abortions are done should not be the only sources from which complication statistics are derived.'" Matthew J. J. Bulfin, "Complications of Legal Abortion: A Perspective from Private Practice," quoted in George Grant, Grand Illusions: The Legacy of Planned Parenthood, (Highland Books, 1998) 84.

 

 

~PG "The so-called 'freestanding clinics,' which do over 90% of all abortions in the U.S., are often little better than back-alley operations that have been legalized . . . .' Complications following abortions performed in free-standing clinics is one of the most frequent gynecological emergencies . . . encountered. Even life-endangering complications rarely come to the attention of the physician who performed the abortion unless the incident entails litigation. The statistics presented by Cates represent substantial under reporting and disregard women's reluctance to return to a clinic, where, in their mind, they received inadequate treat-ment.'" Iffy, "Second trimester Abortions," JAMA, 4 February 1983, 588, quoted in Willke, 98, 99.

 

 

~PG Researcher David Reardon says about abortion for fetal handicap: "In addition, since eugenic abortions are almost always late-term, the physical risks of abortion are many times higher than for childbirth. In fact, the odds that a forty-year-old woman will suffer a severe complication from abortion are more than twice as great as the odds that she will have a child with Down's syndrome." Dr. Hymie Gordon, letter on amniocentesis in Primum Non Nocere, newsletter published by The World Federation of Doctors Who Respect Human Life, September 1980, 4-6, quoted in DRABSNM, 236. (Down's babies are found mostly in wombs of these 'older' women.)

 

 

~PG Miscellaneous quotes (Pamela Zekman and Pamela Warrick, "The Abortion Profiteers," Chicago Sun Times, special reprint 3, December 1978 (original publication 12 November, 1978) 15, quoted in DRABSNM, 236.) 'Health inspectors at one abortion clinic found that the lack of sterile conditions extended to:

 

 

~PG Instruments that were 'dirty and worn to the point that the stainless-steel finish had deteriorated and the instruments were beginning to rust.' 'Recovery room beds made with dirty linens.' 'Supposedly sterile instruments' encrusted with 'dried matter.' 'Instruments being 'sterilized' with Tide detergent, and surgical equipment, including the suction machine, being 'cleansed' with plain water."

 

 

~PG "A 1989-90 New Zealand study found an overall complication rate of 5.8% following induced abortion as measured by readmission of women. This included 2.9% who had retained products of conception. Immediate complications (0.92%) included perforation, hemorrhage and post-operative pain. Delayed complications were lower abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding presumed to be due to endometritis, retained products of conception or both." P. Sykes, "Complications of Termination of Pregnancy: A Retrospective Study of Admissions to Christchurch Women's Hospital 1989 and 1990," New Zealand Medical Journal, 10 March 1993, 83-85.

 

 

~PG "A follow-up examination 4-6 weeks following abortion by vacuum aspiration found 4.8% with retained fetal parts: 11.1% had post-abortion bleeding greater than normal menstrual period, and 4.1% had pelvic inflammatory disease." K. Dalaker, K. Sundfor and J. Skuland, "Early Complications of Induced Abortion in Primigravidae," Annes Chirurgiae et Gynaecologiae, 70 (1981): 331-336.

 

 

~PG "A Norwegian study of 619 women by questionnaire in 1976 found that, among those not pregnant previously, 25.5% of the post-abortion women compared to 13.2% of post delivery women (matched for age and parity) had post-abortion complications. Complications were cervical incompetence, pre-term delivery, ectopic pregnancy and sterility. Among all groups regardless of parity, total complications in the abortion group was 24.3% vs. 20.2% in the post-delivery women." K. Dalaker, S.M. Lichtenberg and G. Okland, "Delayed Reproductive Complications After Induced Abortion," Acta Obstet. Gynaecol. Scand., 58 (1979): 491-494.

 

 

~PG "A prospective study of 11,057 West Jerusalem mothers interviewed during pregnancy found that those who reported one or more prior induced abortions in the past were more likely to report bleeding in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd months of their pregnancy compared with women reporting no previously induced abortions. Women with prior abortions were less likely to have a normal delivery. In births following induced abortions, the relative risk of early neonatal death was doubled, while late neonatal deaths showed a 3 to 4 fold increase. Major and minor malformations were increased in the abortion group." S. Harlap and A.M. Davies, "Late Sequelae of Induced Abortion: Complications and Outcome of Pregnancy and Labor," Am J. Epidemiology, 1975, 217.

 

 

~PG "Among 50 women (86% black) who obtained legal abortions in Atlanta, Georgia after being denied abortion at Grady Memorial Hospital in 1978-79, 12% subsequently reported at least one complication including retained placenta, hemorrhage, pelvic infection or cervical or uterine injury when followed-up in 1980-81." N. Binkin, et al., "Women Refused Second-Trimester Abortion: Correlates of Pregnancy Outcome," Am.J. Obstet Gynecol, 145 (1983): 279.

 

 

~PG "Bleeding before 28 weeks of gestation and retention of placenta or placental tissue occurred more frequently after an abortion than in a control group matched for age, parity and socio-economic status." E. Obel, "Pregnancy Complications Following Legally Induced Abortion," acta Obstet. Gynecol. Scand., 58 (1979): 485-490.

 

 

~PG "Concludes that the relative risk of pre-term delivery is significantly increased following abortion." R. Pickering and J. Forbes, "Risks of Preterm Delivery and Small for Gestational Age Infants Following Abortion: A Population Study," British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 92 (Nov. 1985): 1106-1112.

 

 

~PG "Fifty-four teenage patients were seen with significant complications after legal abortion. None felt that they had been afforded any meaningful information about the potential dangers of the abortion operation. Perforation of the uterus, peritonitis, pelvic pain, pelvic abscesses, bleeding and cramping, cervical lacerations, severe hemorrhage and adverse psychological and psychiatric sequelae were noted in various case reports." M. Bulfin, "A New Problem in Adolescent Gynecology," Southern Medical Journal, 72(8) (August 1979): 967-968.

 

 

~PG "In a study of 1000 women who had abortions in Stockholm, Sweden in 1987, 5.4% were reported to have complications in the form of infection, bleeding or incomplete abortion, fever at over 38 degrees centigrade (1.6%). About one-half (2.8%) were re-admitted to the hospital." G. Fried, E. Ostlund, C. Ullberg, M. Bygdeman" Somatic Complications and Contraceptive Techniques Following Legal Abortion, " Acta Obstet Scand., 68 (1989): 515-521.

 

 

~PG "In a study of 252 women who were members of Women Exploited by Abortion, two women were reported to suffer from anorexia nervosa, which they attributed to their abortions. At least one woman suffered from excessive weight gain after her abortion, as she tried to bury her guilt in food." ABSNM, 24.

 

 

~PG "In a study of 30 women who were stressed by abortion, 23 percent reported extreme weight gain, generally defined by the subjects as a 20-pound weight gain or more. Extreme weight gain was usually attributed to increased eating to calm oneself. Extreme weight loss was reported by 30 percent of the sample; 23 percent classified themselves as experiencing a period of anorexia nervosa. This was self-defined, although many subjects reporting anorexia included evidence such as a loss of 25 percent of body weight, cessation of menses, hospitalization and/or clinical diagnosis of anorexia nervosa." PSSFA

 

 

~PG "In a study of 68 women in a post abortion support group 10-15 years post-abortion, 32% reported lacking patience with their children, 29% reported sometimes being verbally or emotionally abusive with them, 20% acknowledged frequent anger toward their children, 15% admitted feelings of unexpected rage toward their children and 13% felt they over disciplined their children _Ä“ 29% also reported being over-protective of their children and 14.7% reported having difficulty bonding to their children." Jeanette Vought, "Post-Abortion Trauma, 9 Steps to Recovery," (Grand Rapids: Zondervan 1991).

 

 

~PG "Induced first-trimester abortion is a procedure which removes the conceptus from the uterine cavity before the end of the twelfth gestational week counted from the first day of the last menstrual period. The surgical field, consisting of the vagina, endo-cervix, and uterine cavity is contaminated because even meticulous surgical scrub cannot sterilize the endocervix. Consequently, postoperative infection must be expected in a number of women." Lars Heisterberg, "Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Following Induced First-Trimester Abortion," Danish Medical Bulletin, 35(1) (February 1988), 64-75, quoted in N.G. Osborne and R.C. Wright, "Effect of preoperative scrub on the bacterial flora of the endocervix and vagina," Obstetrics and Gynecology 50:148-151(1977).

 

 

~PG "PA British study of 6105 women during 1976-79 found that the main factors independently affecting post abortion morbidity were the place of operation, gestation at termination, method of operation, sterilization at the time of abortion and smoking habits. Morbidity rates were higher for abortion carried out under the National Health Service than in private practice. Overall newly presenting morbidity, as defined in the study, was reported in 16.9% of the patients (1031 patients) in the 21 days following abortion of which 10% (612 patients) was thought to be directly related to the abortion. Major complications as defined in the study were 2.1%." I. Frank, C.R. Kay, S.S. Wingrave, "Induced Abortions Operations and Their Early Sequelae," J. Royal College General Practitioners, April 1985, 175.

 

 

~PG "The rate of unrecognized perforations may be three-to-thirty-fold higher than reported." C. Tietze and S. Lewit, "Joint Program for the Study of Abortion," Studies in Family Planning, 3 (1972): 97.

 

 

Physical Effects: Later Complications

 

~PL "Dr. Pulver (charged with a 'bungled abortion') has 'an outstanding record of service with thousands of women and families in Schenectady [New York]." Planned Parenthood official quoted in The Daily Gazette, 1 November 1991.

 

 

~PL "Our association with Dr. Cunanan [placed on probation for committing abortions on two women and sterilizing another, all without their permission] has been longstanding and extremely positive." Planned Parenthood of Niagara County, Niagara Gazette, 2 October 1997.

 

 

~PL "There is a wide range of reported incidence of post abortion infections from .1% to as high as 43%. [J. L. Sorensen, et al., Br. J. Obstet. Gynaecol. May 1992, quoted in source shown below] The difference is mainly due to (1) differences in defining the word infection; (2) time of observation; and (3) whether or not antibiotics were used. From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 1," NAIRVSC, July/August 1996,

 

 

~PL Types of postabortion infections include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) which is inflammation of the female genital tract, endometritis which is inflammation of the inner lining of the uterine wall, salpingitis which is inflammation of the fallopian or Eustachian tube, and peritonitis, inflammation of the abdominal cavity. The term sepsis or septic abortion is also frequently used to describe any serious infection. From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 1," NAIRVSC, July/August 1996, 2.

 

 

~PL A sample statement from an abortion clinic informational form includes the following: "Infection is caused by germs from the vagina or cervix getting into the uterus or tubes. The risk of infection associated with early abortion is less than 1 in 100 cases. Such infections usually respond to antibiotics, but in a few cases, a repeat procedure or hospitalization is necessary and occasionally surgery is required. From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 1," NAIRVSC, July/August 1996, 2.

 

 

~PL This statement has several errors or omissions. First, it narrowly interprets the meaning of the word infection to what is immediately observed at an abortion facility, and thus omits infections which occur a few hours, days, or weeks later. It fails to acknowledge that abortion itself can cause infection as well as spread infection. It fails to explain any of the potentially serious complications from post-abortion infections. Finally, it fails to differentiate between different populations which have varying rates of infection because of age or previous reproductive history." From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 1," NAIRVSC, July/August 1996, 2.

 

 

~PL "For example, researchers at Johns Hopkins University compared women undergoing first trimester abortion and found that among those without gonorrhea at the time of the abortion only 3.3% had post-abortion endometritis and 1.1% were hospitalized compared to 14.7% incidence of endometritis and a 5.4% hospitalization rate if gonorrhea was present. [R. T Burkman et al., "Untreated Endocervical gonorrhea and Endometritis Following Elective Abortion," Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 126:1976, 648-651] John's Hopkins researchers had similar findings when chlamydia trachomatis was present at the time of abortion [M. Barbacci et al., "Post-Abortal Endometritis and Isolation of Chlamydia Trachomatis," Obstet. Gynecol.Nov 1996, 686-690 and D. Avonts and P Piot, "Genital Infections in women Undergoing Therapeutic Abortion," Europe. J. Obstet. Gynec. Reprod. Biol. 20:1985, 53-59] The authors stated: 'it is believed that a factor in the development of endometritis is the induced abortion itself as it has been documented that dilation of the cervical canal and curettage of the uterine cavity can stimulate spread of an unrecognized infection to the uterine cavity.' From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 1," NAIRVSC, July/August 1996, 3.

 

 

~PL Scandinavian studies have also found that the presence of chlamydia trachomatis infection at the time of the abortion significantly increases the incidence of post-abortive pelvic inflammatory disease from 4.4% to 23.4% in one study [T. Radbert and L. Hamberger, "Chalmydia Trachomatis in Relation to Infections Following First Trimester Abortions," Acta. Obstet. Gynaecol., Supp 93, 1980, 478], and from 10% to 28% in another study. [L. Westergaard, "Significance of Cervical Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection in Post-Abortal Pelvic Inflammatory Disease," Obstet. Gynecol. Sept 1982, 322]. From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 1," NAIRVSC, July/August 1996, 3.

 

 

~PL Age is also a risk factor for post-abortion infection. In a study done at Johns Hopkins University on post abortion endometritis (infection of the uterine wall), it was found that 7% of post-abortion women had endometritis if they were 17 years of age or less at the time of their abortion, compared to only 2.5% among women who were 20 - 29 years. The difference was statistically significant [R.T Burkman et al., "Morbidity Risk Among Young Adolescents Undergoing Elective Abortion," Contraception, August 1984, 99]. Another Scandinavian study found that chlamydia positive women age 13 - 19 undergoing first trimester abortion were significantly more likely to develop post-abortion endometritis (28%) compared to women age 20 - 24 (22.7%), or women age 25 - 29 (20%). Also, chlamydia positive post abortion women age 13 - 19 were also more likely to develop post abortion salpingitis (21.9%) compared to women age 20 - 24 (13.6%) [S. Osser and K. Perrson, "Postabortal Pelvic Infection Associated with Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection and the Influence of Hormonal Immunity," Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol., 150:1984, 699]. Overall, early complication rates are higher in younger women." [L. Heisterberg, M. Kringelbach, "Early complications After Induced First-Trimester Abortion," Acta Obstet. Gynecol. Scand., 66:1987,201] From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 1," NAIRVSC, July/August 1996,4.

 

 

~PL "The presence of post-abortion PID has a very significant impact on long term reproduction. For example, in a study by Danish researcher Lars Heisterberg of 382 women without postabortal PID, only 5% of those without PID reported any spontaneous miscarriages 5 - 6 years post abortion, compared to 22% among those women with postabortal PID. Significant differences were also found with secondary infertility (2% vs. 10%), pain during sexual intercourse (5% vs. 20%), chronic pelvic pain (2% vs. 14%), and a new episode of PID within the first year after abortion (5% vs. 41%). [Lars Heisterberg et al., "Sequelae of Induced First-Trimester Abortion: A Prospective Study Assessing the Role of Postabortal Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and Prophylactic Antibiotics," Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol., 155:1986, 73]. Other studies by this same researcher on the long term effects of abortion have shown similar results. [Lars Heisterberg, "Factors Influencing Spontaneous Abortion, Dyspareunia, Dysmenorrhea, and Pelvic Pain," Obstet. Gynecol., 81:1993, 594 - 597, and Lars Heisterberg, "Pelvic Inflammatory Disease following Induced First-Trimester Abortion", Danish Medical Bulletin, February 1988, 64]. This researcher reported that the overall risk of postabortion infections requiring hospitalization among Danish women is 3 - 5%. [Lars Heisterberg and Ugeskr Laeger, "Prophylactic Antibiotics in Induced First-Trimester Abortion," Eng. Abstr., 154:1992, 3056 - 3060]. " From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 1," NAIRVSC, July/August 1996, 4.

 

 

~PL Regarding increased low birth weight and short gestation: "A study by the World Health Organization of legalized abortion in Great Britain, Europe, Korea and Scandinavia concluded that repeat abortion is associated with a 2 to 2.5 fold increase in low birth weight and short gestation when either is compared with one live birth or one abortion." World Health Organization, Special Program of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction: Seventh Annual Report, Geneva, November 1978, quoted in NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 6-8.

 

 

~PL Also regarding increased low birth weight and short gestation: "In a study of white women who delivered between 1984-87 in Washington state, the unadjusted proportion of infants born with a birth weight of less than 2500 grams was 4.4% among women with no abortion history, 5.7% for women with one prior abortion, 7.7% for women with two prior abortions, and 9.6% for women with 4 or more prior abortions." M. T. Mandelson, et al., 391-394, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 6-8.

 

 

~PL Regarding increased risk of premature birth : "A Danish study conducted in 1974-75 concluded that women with a history of 2 or more abortions had twice the risk of a premature infant compared with women with one past abortion." E. Obel, "Pregnancy Complications Following Legally Induced Abortion With Special Reference to Abortion Technique," Acta Ob Gyn Scan, 1979, 147-52, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 6-8.

 

 

~PL Regarding increased risk of miscarriage or incomplete abortion: "A Boston Hospital for Women study conducted in 1976-78 concluded that women who had had two or more induced abortions were 2.7 times more likely to have future first trimester spontaneous abortions (early miscarriage) and 3.2 times more likely to have a second trimester incomplete abortion than were women with no history of induced abortion." A. Levin et al., "Association of Induced Abortion With Subsequent Pregnancy Loss," JAMA, 27 June 1980, 2495, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 6-8.

 

 

~PL Regarding increased incidence of secondary infertility: "A 1987-88 study of women in Athens, Greece, admitted for secondary infertility found that women with 2 or more prior abortions had a relative risk of 2.3 for secondary infertility and women with one abortion had a relative risk of 2.1 compared with women with no abortion history." (Tzonou et al., "Induced Abortions, Miscarriages, and Tobacco Smoking as Risk Factors for Secondary Infertility," Journal Epidemiology and Community Health, 1993, quoted in NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 6-8.) (Secondary fertility means there was a previous conception, the woman had been trying to become pregnant for at least 18 months, and the man had a normal semen analysis.)

 

 

~PL Regarding increased risk of ectopic pregnancy: "A study of women at the Boston Hospital for Women found that the relative risk of ectopic pregnancy to be 1.6 for women with one prior abortion (reduced to 1.3 after control [adjustment] of confounding factors) and 4.0 for women with two or more prior abortions (reduced to 2.6 after control of confounding factors.)" A. Levin et al., "Ectopic Pregnancy and Prior Induced Abortion," American Journal Public Health, March 1982, 253-56, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 6-8.

 

 

~PL "The Virginia Department of Medical Assistance Services has gathered data indicating that poor women who give birth are healthier than those who undergo abortions. 'The women with legally induced abortions had 532 claims for subsequent health interventions,' a memo from the department read. 'The women with normal deliveries had 307 claims for subsequent health interventions." Thus, those who aborted had (532 - 307)/307 x 100 = 73% greater chance of needing intervention than those who had not aborted. "UPDATES: ABORTION AND HEALTH," Family Voice, June 1995, 30.

 

 

~PL "2.7 percent of 4,823 patients had gonorrhea; 14.7 percent of patients with gonorrhea developed endometritis over a two-year period. The authors concluded that there is a potential threefold increase for postabortal endometritis with untreated endocervical gonorrhea, which indicates a need to reevaluate approaches to some patients requesting pregnancy termination." R.T. Burkman, J. Tonascia, M. Atienza and T. King, "Untreated Endocervical Gonorrhea and Endometritis Following Elective Abortion," American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 126 (1976): 648-651.

 

 

~PL "70,000 women were hospitalized for ectopic pregnancy in the U.S. in 1983, resulting in 70,000 fetal deaths. Ectopic pregnancy accounted for 12.8 percent of all maternal deaths in the U.S. in 1983. In 1985, black women continued to have a 3.5 times higher risk of death from ectopic pregnancy. Teenage black women have a 6.2 times higher risk than white teenagers." H. Atrash, Ectopic Pregnancy in the United States, 1970-1983, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 35, No. 22S, August 1986.

 

 

~PL "A California case-control study of 2091 women who had one ore more induced abortions matched with 4098 controls without a history of abortion found that a prior induced abortion had a relative risk of 1.45 (1.06-1.99, 95% C.I.) of pregnancy failure (ectopic pregnancy, spontaneous abortion, fetal or neonatal death). Smokers had a relative risk of 1.85, (1.11-3.10, 95% C.I.) of pregnancy failure." C. Madore, W.E. Haws, F. Many, A.C. Hexter, "A Study on the Effects of Induced Abortion on Subsequent Pregnancy Outcome," Am J. Obstet. Gynecol, 139 (1981): 516-521.

 

 

~PL "A California study of 173 cases of placenta previa during 1975-78 found that a history of prior abortion, previous placenta previa or prior cesarean section enhanced the risk of developing placenta previa. The complications associated with placenta previa included fetal malpresentation (breech or transverse lie), cord prolapse and premature rupture of the membranes." D.B. Cotton, J.A. Read, R.I.T. Paul, E.J. Quilligan, "The Conservative Aggressive Management of Placenta Previa," Am J. Obstet. Gynecol., 137 (1980): 687.

 

 

~PL "A case-control analysis of 19 uterine perforations which occurred during laparoscopic sterilization had an overall perforation rate of 30.4 per 1,000 procedures. Case women were more likely to combine two of the three characteristics: age over 34, parity (one or more children) and obesity (20% above the ideal body weight for height.)" M. White, H. Ory and L. Goldenberg, "Uterine Perforation Following Medical Termination of Pregnancy by Vacuum Aspiration," Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol., 129 (1977): 623.

 

 

~PL "A case-control study of 68 women at Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia in 1975-79 found that the crude risk ratio for placenta previa in women with a history of one or more legal abortions was 1.4 (0.5-3.6, 95% C.I.) after adjustment for age and gravidity. The study used a narrow definition for placenta previa which limits its value." D.A. Grimes, T. Techman, "Legal Abortion and Placenta Previa," Am J. Obstet. Gynecol., 149 (1984): 501.

 

 

~PL "A case-control study of married couples diagnosed as having secondary infertility at the University of Washington Hospital in 1976-78 found that women with a history of prior induced abortion had a 1.31 relative risk of secondary infertility (0.71-2.43, 95% C.I.) compared with controls." J.R. Daling, L.R. Spadoni, I. Emanuel, "Role of Induced Abortion in Secondary Infertility," Obstet Gynecol, 57 (1981), 59.

 

 

~PL "A Connecticut case-control study during 1974-76 found that mothers with prior induced abortions had odds ratios above 1.0 with respect to the following specific congenital malformations of subsequently born children: Inguinal Hernia (OR 1.4, P=0.24); Anencephaly (OR 1.3, P=0.62); Poly-syndactyly (OR 2.7, P=0.02); Downs (OR1.5, P=0.46). Overall, white women delivering babies with congenital malformations were significantly less likely to report having had a previously induced abortion (OR 0.7, P=0.01) while black women who delivered were significantly _more_ likely to have experienced a past induced abortion (OR 1.7, P=0.04)." M.B. Braken, T.R. Holford, "Induced abortion and subsequent congenital malformations in offspring of subsequent pregnancies," Am. J Epidemiology, 109(4) (1979): 425-432.

 

 

~PL "A Danish study compared women whose previous pregnancy was terminated by a legal induced abortion (group 1), with women whose previous pregnancy had ended in a spontaneous abortion or still birth (group 2), women whose previous pregnancy ended in a live birth (group 3), and women with no previous pregnancies. The study found that an induced abortion increases the risk of bleeding in a subsequent pregnancy compared with women with previous deliveries as well as women with no previous pregnancies. Delivery following a legally induced abortion had a greater tendency of retention of placenta or placental tissue than in a woman with no previous pregnancies. A legally induced abortion complicated by pelvic inflammatory disease may reduce a woman's fertility." E.B. Obel, "Long-term Sequelae Following Legally Induced Abortion," Danish Medical Bulletin, April, 1980, 61.

 

 

~PL "A Norwegian study compared 619 women who had their last pregnancy terminated by abortion to an age and parity matched group of women who continued the pregnancy to delivery. Among those who had not been pregnant previously the complications rate was 25.5% in the abortion group compared to 13.2% in the control which was statistically significant. Complications included first and second trimester abortion (miscarriage): cervical incompetence, pre-term delivery, ectopic pregnancy and sterility. After women had one or two live births there was no statistical significance between the two groups." K. Dalaker, S.M. Lictenberg, G. Okland, "Delayed Reproductive Complications After Induced Abortion," Acta Obstel Gynecol Scand., 58 (1979): 491-494.

 

 

~PL "A prospective study of 11,057 pregnancies of West Jerusalem mothers found that 0.3% of women reporting no previous induced abortions had placenta previa compared to 0.8% of women reporting one or more induced abortions according to crude rates. Standardized rates showed no statistical significance (0.4% vs. 0.5%)." S. Harlap and M. Davies, "Late Sequelae of Induced Abortion: Complications and Outcome of Pregnancy and Labor," Am J. Epidemiology, 102(3) (1975): 217.

 

 

~PL "A repeat abortion is associated with a two- to two and a half-fold increase in the rate of low birth weight and short gestation when compared with either one abortion or one live birth. Women were matched with women who had the same operative procedure. Cases and controls were matched also for age, smoking institution and duration of gestation at entry into the study. See Repeat Abortions Increase Risk of Miscarriage, Premature Birth and Low Birthweight Babies, Family Planning Perspectives 11(1):39-40, Jan/Feb 1979." World Health Organization, Special Program of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction: Seventh Annual Report, Geneva, November 1978.

 

 

~PL "A study at Vanderbilt University in 1979-80 found that 3.8% of the women with a history of induced abortion had placenta previa. If it was the first delivery since an induced first trimester induced abortion, the incidence of placenta previa was 4.6% compared to an overall percentage of 0.9%." J.M. Barrett, F.H. Boehm, A.P. Killam, "Induced Abortion: A Risk Factor For Placenta Previa," Am J. Obstet Gynecol, 141 (1981): 769.

 

 

~PL "Amenorrhea and/or infertility secondary to intrauterine adhesions (Asherman's syndrome) following elective abortion is a significant complication." C. March and R. Israel, "Intrauterine Adhesions Secondary to Elective Abortion," Obstetrics and Gynecology, October 1976, 422-424.

 

 

~PL "An association was found between cervical pregnancy and prior induced abortion." Dicker, et al, "Etiology of Cervical Pregnancy," The J. of Reproductive Medicine, January 1985, 25.

 

 

~PL Many of the following paragraphs disciss PID. PID is infection of internal female reproductive organs by any of a variety of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. PID is not a generic name for other STDs.

 

 

~PL "Between 1975 and 1981, the number of ectopic pregnancies at Fairview Hospital more than doubled. Ectopic pregnancy is responsible for 10 percent of all maternal deaths. Patients who are infertile, did not use birth control, or who have a history of recent abortion or menstrual extraction, of PID, of IUD or recent removal of IUD or a history of previous tubal sterilization, tubal pregnancy, tubal reconstruction, and abdominal surgery have a high index of suspicion." M. Faith Kamsheh, "Ectopic Pregnancy Critical Analysis of 139 Cases," Minnesota Medicine, February 1983, 83-86.

 

 

~PL "Chlamydia positive women aged 13-19 were more likely to develop post-abortion endometritis (28%) compared to women aged 20-24 (22.7%) or women aged 25-29 (20%). Chlamydia positive women aged 13-19 were more likely to develop post-abortion salingitis (21.9%) compared to women aged 20-24 (13.6%)." S. Osser and K. Perrson, "Postabortal Pelvic Infection Associated with Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection and the Influence of Humoral Immunity," Am. J. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 150 (1984): 699-703.

 

 

~PL Some of the following paragraphs discuss salpingitis. Salpingitis is inflammation of a fallopian tube.

 

 

~PL "Despite antibiotic therapy, patients who have had at least one episode of salpingitis have a 21 percent rate of involuntary infertility, as compared with the rate of 3% among the control population." L. Westrom, "Inflammatory Disease and Its Consequences in Industrialized Countries," American Journal Obstetrics Gynecology, 138 (1980): 880-892.

 

 

~PL "Each abortion a woman has increases the chance that a subsequent pregnancy will be tubal." "Tubal Pregnancy Numbers Up," Star Tribune, 3 February 1987, 7C, quoted in Thomas Carrier, OB/GYN.

 

 

~PL "Ectopic pregnancy has risen from 17,800 cases in 1970 to 88,000 hospitalized cases in 1987. From 1970-1987 approximately 877,400 cases have been reported among U.S. women 15-44 years. Thirty women were reported to have died from ectopic pregnancy in 1987. Although the cause of ectopic pregnancy is unknown, it has been attributed to alteration in tubal motility, hormonal release and anatomical changes such as scarring. Scarring may be caused by acute and chronic salpingitis." K. Nederof, et al., "Ectopic Pregnancy Surveillance United States, 1970-1987," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 39, No. SS-4, December 1990.

 

 

~PL "Five hundred sixty-two Finnish patients who underwent legal abortions (69 percent by vacuum aspiration) were invited to a follow-up exam two years later. Only 25 percent came to a detailed gynecological exam. The rest either had an unknown address or were unwilling to take part in the discussion of an experience with 'negative personal associations.' Of the 143 patients examined, 14 percent had some early complications associated with the abortion. There were six cases of endometritis, six cases of heavy bleeding, one cervical rupture and one uterine perforation. A gynecological exam gave rise to suspected cervical insufficiency in 15 women, of which 10 had abortions by vacuum aspiration. Hysterosalpingography suggested tubal pathology in 18 percent. Laparoscopy revealed a normal tubal finding in 50 percent, although the HSG finding had been pathologic. Patients with pathologic tubal findings in laparoscopy (adhesions, nodules and sactoalpinx formations had not had early complications on abortion. The author concluded, 'The need of new follow-up examination following induced abortion is obvious." This is one of the few studies on longer term effects." P. Jouppila, A. Kauppila and L. Punto, "Observations on Patients Two Years After Legal Abortion," International Journal Fertility, 19 (1974): 233-239.

 

 

~PL "In a case-control study by the Harvard Schools of Public Health and the University of Athens, of women in Athens, Greece in 1987-88, the occurrence of either induced abortions or spontaneous abortions independently and significantly increased the risk of subsequent secondary infertility. The logistic progressions adjusted relative risks was 2.1 (1.1-4.0, 95% C.I.) for secondary infertility when there was 1 previous abortion and 2.3 (1.0-5.5, 95% C.I.) when there were 2 previous abortions. The adjusted relative risk of tobacco smoking for secondary infertility was 3.0 (1.3-6.8, 95% C.I.) compared to non-smokers. Secondary infertility was defined as [1] A. Tzonou, et al., "Induced Abortions, Miscarriages and Tobacco Smoking s Risk Factors For Secondary Infertility," J. Epidemiology and Comm. Health 47:36, 1993. patient had a previous conception; [2] patient was married; [3] husband had a normal semen analysis and [4] patient had been trying to become pregnant for at least 18 months." Tzonou, et al., "Induced Abortions, Miscarriages and Tobacco Smoking as Risk Factors For Secondary Infertility," J. Epidemiology and Comm. Health, 47:36, 1993.

 

 

~PL "In a study at Boston Hospital for Women conducted from 1976-1978, the relative risk of ectopic pregnancy was found to be 1.6 for women with one prior abortion and reduced to 1.3 after control of confounding factors. The relative risk for two or more abortions was 4.0 for women with two or more prior induced abortions, which was reduced to 2.6 after control of confounding factors." A. Levin, S. Schoenbaum, P. Stubblefield, S. Zimicki. R. Ronson and K. Ryan, "Ectopic Pregnancy and Prior Induced Abortion," American Journal of Public Health, March 1982, 253-256.

 

 

~PL "In a study of 15,438 women who had suction curettage abortions at about 12 weeks gestation or less from 1975 to 1978, cervical injuries requiring suturing occurred in approximately one out of 100 abortions. [Cervical injury is one of the most frequent complications of suction curettage abortion, yet little is known about its risk factors or prevention. Most published reports lack an objective case definition of cervical injury. Reported rate of cervical injury ranges from 0.01 to 1.6 per 100 abortions. In addition to overt injury to the cervix during suction curettage, covert trauma is also important. Micro fractures of the cervix may occur during forceful dilation of the cervix, which may lead to persistent structural changes, cervical incompetence, premature delivery, and pregnancy complications.]" K. Schulz, D. Grimes and W. Cates, "Measures to Prevent Cervical Injuries During Suction Curettage Abortion," Lancet, 28 May 1983, 1182-1184.

 

 

~PL "In a study of 170 women at the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Belgium, there was found to be a strong correlation between an infection with c. trachomatis before abortion and the appearance of infectious complications after the aspiration curettage. Post-abortion infections were stated to be caused by micro-organisms introduced in the uterine cavity during the intervention. In addition, sexually transmitted micro-organisms such as n. gonorrhea and c. trachomatis can colonize the endocervix and cause endometritis or PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) after the aspiration curettage." D. Avonts and P. Piot, "Genital Infections in Women Undergoing Therapeutic Abortion," Europ J. Obstet. Gynec. Reprod. Biol., 20 (1985): 53-59.

 

 

~PL Many of the following paragraphs discuss chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia Trachomatis is a sexually transmitted disease. Brian Gibson of Pro-Life Action Ministries said on November 1, 1997 (telephone call by Kenneth E. Kogut, Life Research Institute), "Very strong anecdotal evidence indicates that is probably extremely rare that a Killing Center screens for chlamydia trachomatis before killing babies." Yet, see how prevalent this disease is and what complications result from it!

 

 

~PL "In a study of 1100 Swedish women, 37.7% of chlamydia positive women developed infectious complications compared to only 6.2% of chlamydia negative women within one month of their abortion." S. Osser, I.C. Persson, "Postabortal Pelvic Infection Associated with Clamydia Trachomatis and the Influence of Humoral Immunity," Am. J. Obstet Gynocol, 150, (1984): 699-703.

 

 

~PL "Approximately 30-50 percent of PID episodes are caused by chlamydia trachomatis infection. It is estimated that each year 402,200 episodes of chlaymdial PID occur, leading to 1,005,400 outpatient visits; 106,900 hospitalizations; 8,050 infertility consultations; 13,900 ectopic pregnancies; and 280 deaths. Other adverse health effects, and estimated direct and indirect costs are discussed. Ed. Note - This report is most significant to the issue of induced abortion as it is implicated in the onset of pelvic inflammatory disease." A. Eugene Washington, R. Johnson, and L. Sanders, Jr., "Chlamydia Trachomatis Infections in the United States, What Are They Costing Us?" Journal of the American Medical Association, 17 April 1987, 2070-2072.

 

 

~PL "In a Johns Hopkins study of 505 women who had an induced abortion, 17.6% had a chlamydia infections. Six of 17 patients with post-abortal endometritis were culture positive immediately prior to abortion. Some 10% of c. trachomatis-infected women vs. 3.5% of non-c. trachomatis-infected women had endometritis following induced abortion. The article stated: 'It is believed that a factor in the development of endometritis is the induced abortion itself as it has been documented that dilation of the cervical canal and curettage of the uterine cavity can stimulate spread of an unrecognized cervical infection to the uterine cavity. (Ed. Note - Endometritis is inflammation of the uterine wall.)'" ." Burkman et al., "Culture and treatment results in endometritis following elective abortion," American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 128 (1977): 566, quoted in M. Barbacci et al., "Post-Abortal Endometritis and Isolation of Chlamydia Trachomatis," Obstetrics and Gynecology, November 1986, 686-690.

 

 

~PL "In a study of 218 women admitted for legal termination of pregnancy in Oslo, Norway, 30 (13.8 percent) had chlamydia trachomatis in the cervix before abortion. Twenty-one of the 30 patients exhibiting chlamydia trachomatis were followed up three months after their abortions. Seven (23.3 percent) had developed PID, six (20 percent had developed salpingitis, 17 (81 percent) showed detectable chlamydial antibodies. Conclusion: Patients harboring chlamydia trachomatis in the cervix at termination of pregnancy are at high risk of developing post-operative infections. Routine screening in the cervix before surgery is essential." E. Qvigstag, et al., "Therapeutic Abortion and Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection," British Journal of Venereal Disease, 58 (1982): 182-183.

 

 

~PL "In a study of 7228 European women from 8 cities, the reduction in mean birth-weight associated with cigarette smoking varied from 120-146 grams. Low birth weight in the pregnancy after induced abortion by vacuum aspiration was 5.4% to 6.1% compared with 2.9%-4.7% for prior live birth or 3.7% if no previous pregnancy. Short gestation (258 days) was 4.7%-5.7% in the pregnancy after abortion after vacuum aspiration compared to 2.0%-3.9% for prior live birth or 2.4%-3.0% for no previous pregnancy. No significant differences between groups were found with respect to mid-trimester spontaneous abortions." "Gestation, Birth-Weight and Spontaneous Abortion in Pregnancy After Induced Abortion, Report of the Collaborative Study by World Health Organization Task Force on Sequelae of Abortion," Lancet, January 1979, 142-145.

 

 

~PL "In a study of 90 abortion facility workers in the San Francisco area, over 95% expressed discomfort and surprise at repeaters." Kathleen Marie Roe, Ph.D., "Abortion Work: A Study of the Relationship Between Private Troubles and Public," (diss, University of California, Berkeley, 1985).

 

 

~PL "In a study of women at Yale-New Haven Hospital during 1974-75, women having repeat abortions were significantly more likely to be divorced than women having first abortions. Women having repeat abortions were more likely to be on public welfare than women having first abortions (38% vs. 25%)." M. Shepard and M. Bracken, "Contraception and Repeat Abortion," Journal of Biosocial Science, 11 (1979): 289-302.

 

 

~PL "In a Washington State study of 6541 white women who delivered their first child between 1984-87, 4.4% of women with no reported abortions had low birth weight babies (2500 grams or less) compared to 5.7% of women reporting 1 abortion, 7.7% of women reporting 2 abortions, 7.1% of women reporting 3 abortions, and 9.6% of women reporting 4 or more abortions." M.T. Mandelson, C.B. Maden, J.R. Daling, "Low Birth Weight in Relation to Multiple Induced Abortions," Am J. Public Health, March 1992, 391-394.

 

 

~PL "In addition to overt injury to the cervix during suction curettage, covert trauma is also important, microfractures of the cervix may occur during forceful dilatation of the cervix, which may lead to persistent structural changes, cervical incompetence, premature delivery and pregnancy complications. Citing several studies. " K. Schulz, D. Grimes, W. Cates, "Measures to Prevent Cervical Injury During Suction Curettage Abortion." Lancet, 28 May 1983, 1182.

 

 

~PL "In salpingitis, it is believed that anaerobic bacteria often gain entrance to the tubes as secondary invades from the lower genital tract in patients whose tubes have been damaged with sexually transmitted disease agents. In such secondary infections, both anaerobic and facultatively anaerobic bacteria can be demonstrated. Endogenous tubal infections may occur in hosts whose genital organs have been 'compromised' by gynecologic surgery, curettage, legal or illegal abortion, or various diagnostic procedures. In the hospital catchment region of Lund such 'iatrogienic' cases constitute approximately 15 percent of all salpingitis patients." P.A. Mardh, "An Overview of Infectious Aunts of Salpingitis, Their Biology and Recent Advances in Methods of Detection," American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 138(7), Part 2, 1 December 1980, 933-651. Also see L. Westrom and P. A. Mardh, Epidemiology, Etiology and Prognosis of Acute Salpingitis - a study of 1,457 laparoscopically verified cases in D. Hobson and K. Holmes, ed., Non-gonococcal Urethritis and Related Infections, Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology, 1977, 84-90.

 

 

~PL "Induced abortion was associated with higher prematurity and spontaneous abortion rates in later pregnancies. Women who had 2 or more abortions had a 2-3 times increased risk of miscarrying a pregnancy." L.H. Roht, H. Aoyama, G.E. Leinen, "The Association with Multiple Induced Abortions With Subsequent Prematurity and Spontaneous Abortion," Acta Obstet Gynaecol. Japan, 23 (1976): 140-145.

 

 

~PL "Infants born following a previous induced abortion by dilation and curettage showed an excess of low birth weight. The greater the degree of dilation at D&C, the greater damage to the cervix. This in turn produces an increase in low birth weight due to shortened gestation in the next pregnancy. Adverse effects of D&C are applicable only to settings where this procedure is the usual method employed and not to areas where vacuum aspiration is the procedure of choice or where gradual dilation by use of laminaria is used. If induced abortion is necessary, it should be done as early as possible with the minimum of cervical dilation." P.E. Slater, A.M. Davies and S. Harlap, "The Effect of Abortion Method on the Outcome of Subsequent Pregnancy," Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 26(3) (March 1981): 123-128.

 

 

~PL "It is estimated that each year 402,200 episodes of chlamydial PID occur, leading to 13,900 ectopic pregnancies and 280 deaths." A. Eugene Washington, R.E. Johnson, L.L. Sanders, "Chlamydia Trachomatis Infections in the United States, What Are They Costing Us?" Journal of the American Medical Association, 17 April 1987, 2070-2072.

 

 

~PL "One of the important complications of first-trimester abortion by vacuum aspiration is pelvic infection. The incidence of this complication varies widely (0.3-18 percent) due to differences in [1] definition of post-abortion infection; [2] use of prophylactic antibiotic treatment; [3] time of observation. Of 104 women who underwent first-trimester abortions, no patients showed any sign of lower genital tract infection prior to the operation. Nevertheless, 14 percent required postoperative treatment with antibiotics because of mild or severe infection of the upper genital tract. Patients were studied after two months." P.J. Moberg, et al., "Pre-operative Cervical Microbial Flora and Post-Abortion Infection," Acta Obstet. Gynecol. Scand, 57 (1978), 415-419.

 

 

~PL "Operative procedures such as cervical dilatation, curettage, tubal insufflations and IUD insertions carry a small risk of infectious complications. During the last few decades, the numbers of legal abortions and IUD insertions have reached such proportion that the immediate consequences have influenced the epidemiology of salpingitis." K.K. Holmes, P.A. Mardh, P.F. Sparling, P.J. Wiesner, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 1984, 623.

 

 

~PL "Out of 325 patients with a history of ectopic pregnancy, 181 had one or more abortions, either spontaneous or induced. Of those, 135 were induced and 67 were spontaneous abortions. Twenty-one of the 181 women had both induced and spontaneous abortions." A. Levin, et al., "Ectopic Pregnancy and Prior Induced Abortion," American Journal of Public Health, December 1955, 619-624.

 

 

~PL "Pelvic inflammatory disease is a major complication after therapeutic abortion; readmission rates to hospitals were 4 percent in this study, with pelvic infections and retained products being the main causes." F. Jerve and P. Fylling "Therapeutic Abortion," Acta. Obstetric Gynecology Scand., 57 (1978): 237.

 

 

~PL "Pre-abortion clinical and microbiological tests were undertaken. Post-abortion morbidity was measured in 167 women in Liverpool, England during 1984. Twelve percent had major upper genital tract infection 8-17 days after their abortion. Another 10% later showed clinical signs that suggested minor upper genital tract infection. Abnormal cervical cytology (mostly inflammation) was found in 52% of the overall sample and 79% of the women with chlamydial infection had abnormal cervical cytology. Neither the medical history nor clinical examination before the abortion would have indicated that post-abortion complications were likely to occur. (Ed. Note - The findings strongly suggest that it was the abortion procedure that was the primary cause of the post-abortion morbidity.)" S. Duthrie et al., "Morbidity After Termination of Pregnancy in First-Trimester," Genitourinary Medicine, 63(3) (June 1987): 182-187.

 

 

~PL "Quoting Kenneth Schulz, Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia: 'An estimated 13,000 women develop postabortal upper genital tract infection which is associated not only with long-term morbidity but also, occasionally, with long-term sequelae such as infertility and ectopic pregnancy.'" "Genital Tract Infection," Ob. Gyn. News, 20(3) (1985): 41-42.

 

 

~PL "Repeated abortion was associated with a 2- to 2.5-fold increase in the rate of low birth weight and short gestation when compared with either one abortion or one live birth. "Repeat Abortions Increased Risk of Miscarriage, Premature Births and Low Birth Weight Babies," Family Planning Perspectives, January/February 1979, 39-40.

 

 

~PL "Repeaters were found to be more sexually active than first-timers, thus increasing their risk of unwanted pregnancy even though they used contraception more than initial aborters." B. Howe, R. Kaplan, and C. English, "Repeat Abortion: Blaming the Victims," American Journal Public Health, December 1979, 1242-1246.

 

 

~PL "Review of the literature on the incidence and effects of repeat abortions. In includes moral and social deterioration, communication breakdown, decline in religious affiliation, emotional or psychological conflicts, replacement pregnancy, self-punishment, abortion as birth control and the evangelization of abortion." "Special Issue on Repeat Abortion" Association for Interdisciplinary Research Newsletter, Summer 1989, 1-8.

 

 

~PL "Reviews the current status of studies on the subject. Notes that studies show evidence of elevated risk of post-abortal PID for women with history of PID or c. trachomatis. A recent episode of vaginitis may also be a risk factor. " Lars Heisterberg, "Pelvic Inflammatory Disease following Induced First-Trimester Abortion", Danish Medical Bulletin, February 1988, 64-75.

 

 

~PL "Seven hundred fifty-two mothers who were interviewed during a subsequent pregnancy, and who reported one or more induced abortions in the past, were more likely to report bleeding in each of the first three months of present pregnancy. They were subsequently less likely to have a normal delivery, and more of them needed a manual removal of the placenta or other intervention in the third state of labor. A disturbing finding in this study is the excess of malformations in the births following earlier induced abortions." S. Harlap and AM Davies, "Late Sequelae of Induced Abortion: Complications and Outcome of Pregnancy and Labor," American Journal of Epidemiology, 102(3) (1975): 217-224.

 

 

~PL "The relative risk of spontaneous fetal losses after induced abortion increased with the number of previous induced abortions and was not explained by the distribution of demographic and social variables." S. Harlap, et al., "Prospective Study of Spontaneous Fetal Losses After Induced Abortions," New England Journal of Medicine, 27 September 1979, 677-681.

 

 

~PL "The total rates of later abortions and infants with low birth weight below 2500 grams was higher in women with a previous induced abortion than in women whose previous pregnancy ended in a spontaneous abortion or delivery." O. Koller and S.N. Eikhom): "Late Sequelae of Induced Abortion in Primigravidae," Acta Obstet. Gynecol. Scand, 56 (1977): 311.

 

 

~PL "There is increased risk of cervical injury during suction curettage abortions obtained by teenagers. These findings cause concern because cervical injury in initial unplanned pregnancies may predispose young women to adverse outcomes in future planned pregnancies." W. Cates, K. Schultz, D. Grimes, "The Risks Associated with Teenage Abortion," New England Journal of Medicine, 15 September 1983, 612-624.

 

 

~PL "There was a clear association between the presence of post-abortion infection or retained parts and a five-fold increase in ectopic pregnancy compared to uninfected women." C.S. Chung, et al., "Induced Abortion and Ectopic Pregnancy in Subsequent Pregnancies," 115(6) (1982): 879-887.

 

 

~PL "There was a significant increase in the frequency of low birth weight, compared to births in which the mother has no history of previous abortion." S. Harlap and A. Davies, "Late Sequelae of Induced Abortion: Complications and Outcome of Pregnancy and Labor," American Journal of Epidemiology, 102(3) (1975): 217-224.

 

 

~PL "This article identifies 32 areas of social, medical and psychological health that deteriorate as induced abortion is repeated." "Women's Health and Abortion. I. Deterioration of Health Among Women Repeating Abortion," Association for Interdisciplinary Research Newsletter, Winter 1993, 1-8.

 

 

~PL "This study compared prior pregnancy histories of two groups of women, one having a pregnancy loss up to 28 weeks gestation and the other having a full-term delivery. Women who had two or more prior induced abortions had a twofold to threefold increase in first-trimester spontaneous abortions (miscarriage) between 14 to 20 and 20 to 27 weeks. The increased risk was present for women who had legal induced abortions since 1973. It was not explained by smoking status, history of prior spontaneous loss, prior abortion method, or degree of cervical dilation. No increased risk of pregnancy loss was detected among women with a single induced prior abortion." A. Levin, et al., "Association of Induced Abortion with Subsequent Pregnancy Loss," JAMA, 243 (1980): 2495.

 

 

~PL "This study concludes the principal etiology of ectopic pregnancy as healed salpingitis which may have been gonorrheal, post-abortal or puerperal. These infections are readily controlled with antibiotics but fusion of the plical of the endocalpinix is a sequelae. These tubal adhesions subsequently trap the developing embryo." Jack G. Hallatt, "Repeat Ectopic Pregnancy: A Study of 123 Consecutive Cases," American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 15 June 1975, 520.

 

 

~PL "This study found that birth weight less than 2500 grams as well as a birth weight less than 2000 grams were significantly more frequent in an obstetric history of one or more induced abortions than in a group of patients without a history of induced abortion; 5.3% v. 4.7% below 2500 grams and 2.3% v. 1.4% below 2000 grams. The differences in birth weight were found to be due to pre-term delivery and not to growth retardation. It was not clear whether the induced abortions in all cases immediately preceded the current pregnancy. Most abortions in this study were thought to have been illegal." S. Harlap and M. Davies, "Late Sequelae of Induced Abortion: Complications and Outcome of Pregnancy and Labor," Am J. Epidemiology, 102(3) (1975): 217.

 

 

~PL "Women in the post-salpingitic state have a seven-to tenfold risk for ectopic pregnancy, compared with women who never had the disease." K.K. Holmes et al., Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 1984, 630.

 

 

~PL "Women who had two or more induced abortions were 2.7 times more likely to have future first-trimester spontaneous abortions (miscarriage) and 3.2 times more likely to have a second-trimester incomplete abortion than were women with no history of induced abortion." A. Levin, S. Schoenbaum, R. Monson, P. Stubbelfield, K. Ryan, "Association of Induced Abortion with Subsequent Pregnancy Loss," JAMA 243: (1980): 2495.

 

 

~PL Compared to women who have previously delivered, the risk of low birth weight is elevated for women delivering for the first time after an induced abortion by vacuum aspiration." Carol J. Hogue, "Impact of Abortion on Subsequent Fecundity," Clinics in Obstetrics and Gynecology, March, 1986.

 

 

~PL According to an /American Journal of Public Health/ study, a woman's chances of having an ectopic pregnancy increase significantly, in direct proportion to the number of abortions she has had. "After Abortion, Women Who Have Never Had an Ectopic Pregnancy May Be at Increased Risk of Having One," /Family Planning Perspectives/, July-August 1998, 199.

 

 

~PL "Studies indicate that for healthy women, the risks of contracting certain problems during pregnancy and delivery are actually reduced with each subsequent pregnancy.  For example, hypertensive disorders like eclampsia (convulsions) and pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure with edema or abnormal protein in the urine) are among the major causes of pregnancy-related deaths in the western world."  B. E. Kwast, "The hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: their contribution to maternal mortality, Midwifery, 7:157-161, 1991, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 3.  The Post-Abortion Review also presents a graph.  Software limitations prevent showing the graph here, but the data on the graph is as follows: 

 

% with proteineuric pre-eclampsia in 2nd pregnancy

No pregnancy

5.6

Full Term Birth

1.9

Abortion

7.5

Citation for graph/table: D. Campbell et al., "Pre-eclampsia in second pregnancy," British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 92:131-140, 1985.

 

 

~PL  "Data from other studies show that women with a history of abortion:

·       Were four times more likely to have an intrauterine infection during a subsequent pregnancy than women whose previous pregnancy had ended in a birth of at least 20 weeks gestation.16

·       Experienced more intense pain during labor than women who had previously carried to term.18

·       Were more likely to suffer from retained placenta during delivery or postpartum hemorrhage than women who had previously given birth.19"

16. M. A. Krohn, et al., "Prior Pregnancy Outcome and the Risk of Intraamniotic Infection in the Following Pregnancy," Am J. Obstet Gynecol, 178:381-385, 1998, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 3.    18. F. Fridh et al., "Factors Associated With More Intense Labor Pain," Research in Nursing and Health, 11:117-124, 1988, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 3.    19. See M. H. Hall et al., "Concomitant and repeated happenings of complications of the third stage of labor," British J Obstet Gynaecol, 92:732-738, July 1985; and A. Lopez et al., "The Impact of Multiple Induced Abortions on the Outcome of Subsequent Pregnancy," Aust NZ J. Obstet Gynaecol., 31(1):41-43, 1991, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 3.

The Post-Abortion Review also presents a graph.  Software limitations prevent showing the graph here, but the data on the graph is as follows:

 

Relative Risk of Fetal Loss in Later Pregnancies

No pregnancy

1

1 birth

1

2 births

.71

1 abortion

1.4

2 abortions

4.31

Citation for table/graph: C. Infante-Rivard and R. Gauthier, "Induced Abortion as a Risk Factor for Subsequent Fetal Loss," Epidemiology, 7:540-542, 1986.

 

 

~PL "Researchers estimate that about ten women die every year from abortion-related ectopic pregnancy."  T. Strahan, "Induced Abortion as a Contribution Factor in Maternal Mortality or Pregnancy-Related Death in Women," Research Bulletin, 10(3):7, Nov. - Dec. 1996, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 4.

 

 

~PL "Such self-destructive tendencies are a common post-abortive reaction.  One study found that women who had undergone abortions were treated 24 percent more often for accidents or conditions related to violence than women who had given birth."  R. F. Badgely et al., Report of the Committee on Abortion Law, Supply and Services, Ottawa, 1977:313-321, as cited in L. L. De Veber et al., "Post abortion Grief: Psychological Sequelae of Induced Abortion," Humane Medicine, 7(3):203, Aug. 1991.

 

 

General Comments on Abortion Hurting Women

 

~G "As a result of these complications [hemorrhaging, viral hepatitis, embolism, cervical laceration, cardio-respiratory arrest, acute kidney failure, and amniotic fluid embolus], women in America have seen a massive increase in the cost of medical care. While the average cost of normal health maintenance for men has increased nearly twelve percent over the last eight years due to inflation, the average cost for women has skyrocketed a full twenty-seven percent." Julia Wittleson, The Feminization of Poverty, (Boston: Holy Cross Press, 1983) 81, quoted in Grand Illusions: The Legacy of Planned Parenthood, Highland Books, 1998), 86. Grant points out for the first sentence that insurance companies already adjusted cost figures to account for more women being in the work force.

 

 

~G "What about malpractice insurance for abortionists? The more dangerous the surgical procedure, the higher the cost of medical malpractice insurance. The State of Florida has always rated its doctors as Class I up to Class VI. On January 1, 1984, a special ultra-risk Class VII rating was created for abortionists. PIMCO, "Florida Insurance Reciprocal," American Association of Pro-Life Ob & Gyn Newsletter, 1984, 10, quoted in Willke, 196. This acknowledged the fact that the risk was greater than that for brain or heart surgery." Comment by Life Research Institute: And this notwithstanding that the fact of the butcher-job seldom gets back to the abortionist herself!

 

 

~G "Where can one find full documentation of published reports on abortion complications? The most important collection of scientific papers detailing damage is the Wynn Report. These (PRO-ABORTION) doctors have published an exhaustive report of physical and mental complications of induced abortion in the United Kingdom and elsewhere." Dr. Jack Willke and Barbara Willke, Handbook on Abortion, (Cincinnati: Hayes Publishing, 1975) 96.

 

 

~G American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists did a survey in late 1974 to which 486 specialists responded with: Paul Ervin, Women Exploited, the other victims of abortion, (Huntington, IN and/or Thaxton, VA: Our Sunday Visitor, 1985) 88.

 

 

1. Have you had to treat patients with complications following abortions:

 

 Answer Percent Number of physicians answering

 Yes          91                      443

 No             9                        43

 

 2. Was hospitalization necessary?

 Yes          87                      423

 No           13                        63

 

 3. Was there any mortality?

 Yes            6                       29

 No           94                     457

 

 

~G "Doctors have been known to race one another, competing for big bucks in the game of Who Can Perform the Most Abortions Today. Pamela Zekman and Pamela Warrick, "The Abortion Profiteers: Making A Killing In Michigan Avenue Clinics," Chicago Sun-Times, 12 November 1978, quoted in Saltenberger, 159.

 

 

~G Although most physicians limit themselves to 15 or 20 abortions per day, others may perform six to eight per hour. Doing too many may be monotonous, fatiguing the doctor and endangering the woman's health; but the profit motive may prompt a precarious pace--dozens and dozens a day. How is a woman to know whether her abortionist is trying for the world landspeed record?" "The Abortion Profiteers: Dr. Ming Kow Hah: Physician Of Pain," Chicago Sun-Times, November 1978, quoted in Saltenberger, 159.

 

 

~G About counseling, "On her first day as counselor at a prominent legal abortion clinic, an investigative reporter was trained to counsel by her supervisor. These were her instructions: (Saltenberger, 163.)

 

 

1. Don't tell the patient the abortion will hurt

2. Don't discuss procedure or the instruments to be used

3. Don't answer too many questions

4. Don't try to talk about birth control"

 

 

~G "SCHEDULING UNNECESSARY SURGERY: Virtually everywhere that investigators have 'tested' abortion clinics by submitting male urine for pregnancy tests the results have come back positive; not every time, but too many times. Women with negative results have been sold abortions they didn't need, suffering severe complications they weren't prepared for. . . ." TAP

 

 

~G "VITAL SIGN FRIVOLITY: . . . On the abortion assembly lines, workers invent vital signs. 'Don't take it, just fake it' could have been the motto of the clinic where untrained aides were told to fill out charts themselves. During her first day as a nurses' aide, Jacqueline was told it wasn't necessary to take pulse and respiration; she could enter anything on the chart. TAP

 

 

~G After surgery vital signs are even more crucial. A high temperature can mean infection; a weak heartbeat could mean shock. At one clinic, temperatures weren't taken for weeks because the batteries in the recovery room thermometers were dead. (Apparently they didn't believe in the old-fashioned, do-it-yourself type). For blood pressure readings nurses instructed aides to write down something a bit higher than it had been before the abortion." TAP

 

 

~G "In legalizing abortion, the Supreme Court said the abortion decision was to be made by a woman and her doctor. Today the decision is invariably made by the woman, alone, and implemented by a doctor she has never seen before, whose name she may not even know. The majority of abortions are done swiftly in efficiently run clinics where it is assumed the woman's mind was made up before she walked in the door. While there is a plethora of information on the complications of legal abortion buried in medical libraries, no retrieval system has been contrived to collate it, no distribution method developed to disseminate it, no agency appointed to make it accessible to those who need the facts most--women considering artificial termination of pregnancy." Saltenberger, back cover.

 

 

~G "There are at least 30 health areas in which the repeating of abortion is detrimental to the health and well-being of women. There are no studies showing that repeating abortion improves health and well being." . Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 1.

 

 

~G From David Reardon, whose publisher can be found in the abbreviations: "5% reported child abuse or child neglect following their abortion."

 

 

~G NOT ONLY DOES ABORTION DAMAGE WOMEN, BUT IT

 

 ALSO DAMAGES SOCIETY AND THE WELFARE SYSTEM. IT

 

 IS NOT TRUE THAT ABORTING POOR WOMEN KEEPS THE

 

 WELFARE ROLES FROM GROWING. See the following eight paragraphs.

 

 

~G "Women who have had abortions are at greater risk of suffering emotional and psychological problems which may interfere with their ability to concentrate, make decisions, and interact with others, thereby reducing their level of job skills and employment opportunities.

 

 

~G Post abortion women are more likely to engage in drug and alcohol abuse, often as a means of 'numbing' negative feelings stemming from the abortion. This will in turn effect their ability to function in the work place and may inhibit their ability to enter into meaningful relationships.

 

 

~G Women who have had abortions are more likely to become pregnant again and undergo additional abortions.

 

 

~G . . . Women who have had abortions are more likely to subsequently require welfare assistance, and the odds of going on welfare increase with each subsequent abortion.

 

 

~G Women who have repeat abortions tend to have an increasing number of health problems and greater personality disintegration, which increases the likelihood of their needing public assistance.

 

 

~G Post-abortion women have greater difficulty establishing permanent relationships with male partner. They are more likely to never marry, more likely to divorce, and more likely to go through a long string of unsuccessful relationships. This inability to form a nuclear family reduces household income and increases the probability that the woman and her children will require public assistance." . David C. Reardon, "Abortion and the Feminization of Poverty"

 

 

~G "Women undergoing abortion at the Yale-New Haven Hospital during 1974 - 75 had an overall incidence of welfare of 25.8% for those women having an abortion for the first time compared to a welfare incidence of 38.2% for women repeating abortion. Among black women, 55.6% of the first abortion group were on welfare compared to 65.6% of the repeat abortion group. Among white women the figures were 12.3% (first abortion) and 19.3% (repeat abortion)." M. Shepard and M. Bracken, "Contraceptive Practice and Repeat Induced Abortion: An Epidemiological Investigation," J. Biosocial Science, 11, 1979, 289,302, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 3.

 

 

~G "In a study of women patients entering Boston Hospital for Women during 1976 - 78, 16.9% of the women with no prior abortions were welfare recipients compared to 26% for women with one prior abortion and 27% for women with 2 or more prior abortions." M. Mandelson, C. Maden, J. R. Daling, "Low Birth Weight in Relation to Multiple Induced Abortions," Am. J. Public Health, March 1992, 391-394, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 4.

 

 

From The Facts of Pro-Life (3 paragraphs with quoted references shown) by Kenneth E. Kogut. Not yet published.

 

 

~G "Mothers suffer many psychological and physical complications from abortion. Although the public generally is unaware that these complications occur, psychological damage to the mothers [women become mothers at fertilization, not birth] occurs in approximately 95% percent of the women who have abortions, and physical damage occurs in approximately 45%. ("Statement of Facts," American Rights Coalition, quoted in Kogut, The Facts of Pro-Life, n.p 60.) David Reardon, famed researcher, notes that there are over one hundred complications associated with abortion._64_ This does not include death of the baby: This is not a complication of abortion, it is a goal."

 

 

~G "As with the psychological damages, a woman may not have physical damage, or she may have more than one type of physical damage. She may also have both physical and psychological damage." Kogut, 64.

 

 

~G "About 10,000 American women are hospitalized yearly for abortion complications." New York Times, 19 May 1993, C13.

 

 

~G "A study of 30 women who reported stress following their abortion found grief reactions, fear and anxiety, changes in sexual relationshops, uresolved fertility issues, increased drug and alcohol use, changes in eating behaviours, increased isolation, lowered self-worth and suicide ideation and attempts." PSSFA, quoted in MAB, 45.

 

 

~G "A study of 532 Baltimore mothers (two-thirds black) found that mothers who maltreated their children were significantly more likely to have had a prior stillbirth or reported abortion (18.2% vs. 12.4%). With two prior stillbirths or abortions or combination thereof, the abuse rate was nearly doubled (4.3% vs. 2.4%). It was concluded that reproductive history may provide important clues in eliciting more precisely what family dynamics may be related to subsequent maltreatment." M. Benedict, R. White, and P. Cornely, "Maternal Perinatal Risk Factors and Child Abuse," Child Abuse and Neglect, 9 (1985): 217-224.

 

 

~G "Chronic villus sampling (CVS) in the first 250 cases resulted in 22 genetic-induced abortions, 3 non-genetic-induced abortions, 10 fetal losses (4.4%); 11 pre-term deliveries (4.9%); 214 full-term deliveries. Complications included 4 threatened abortion, 42 (18.6%) vaginal bleeding, 7 malformations, 14 intrauterine growth retardation (6.2%). The authors conclude that the sampling technique is safe." Brambiti and Oldrini, "CVS for First-Trimester Fetal Diagnosis," Contemporary OB/GYN, May 1985, 94-104.

 

 

~G "Effect on Male-Female Relationships: Induced abortion appears to be generally detrimental to male-female relationships. Casual or relatively uncommitted or conflicted relationships are particularly likely to break up after the abortion. The incidence of break-up of relationships appears to increase over time. Where couples do not break up sexual dysfunction, communication problems and increased isolation are reported." MAB, ii-v.

 

 

~G "In Northern California, 2,138 respondents indicated widespread acceptance of ongoing biomedical research to perfect preselection methods and of making these procedures available to potential parents. Almost half agreed that they might want to use such techniques. Variation in levels of agreement were assessed by sex, race, marital status, child-parity, religious affiliation and attendance, level of education, class and general attitudes toward medical and scientific leaders. The implications of the general acceptability of sex selection go far beyond the freedom of parental choice to such matters to socialization patterns of first son, second daughter ordering, sex role inflexibilities, sex ratio imbalances, and include possibilities for curtailing rapid population growth." S. Hartley and L. Pietraczyk, Preselecting the Sex of Offspring: Technologies, Attitudes and Implications," Soc. Biol. 26 (1979): 232-246.

 

 

~G "Repeat Abortion: If a woman has a first abortion [that is, if she aborts her first pregnancy], she is approximately 4 times more likely to repeat abortion compared with women who have not had a prior abortion. Presently, about 50% of the abortions in the United States are repeat abortions. Moral and social deterioration is increasingly evident as abortion is repeated. Women who repeat have increasingly less stable relationships, are more likely to be separated or divorced, are more likely to be on public welfare, are increasingly isolated, have more difficulty in getting along with others, are more likely to smoke or abuse alcohol or other drugs, are more likely to be hospitalized for psychiatric problems, are increasingly likely to suffer from anxiety disorders, have greater difficulty in sleeping and are more likely to attempt suicide." MAB, ii-v.

 

 

~G "Repeaters tended to have more frequent intercourse, less satisfying relationships, and more difficulty sleeping. They were less likely to live with their partners. Women with prior abortion were almost 4 times more likely to have repeat abortion compared to women having an abortion for the first time." Christopher Tietze, "Repeat Abortions-Why More?" Family Planning Perspectives, September/October 1978, 286-288.

 

 

~G "Summarizes various studies and concludes that abortion is not the answer to social ills." Carlos Del Campo, "Abortion Denied _Ä“ Outcome of Mothers and Babies," (editorial), Canadian Medical Association Journal, 15 February, 1984, 361-362.

 

 

~G "Teenagers who experienced one prior abortion were approximately four times more likely to terminate a current pregnancy by abortion compared to teenagers with no prior abortion history. Medicaid tended to increase the likelihood of carrying pregnancies to term. Married adolescents were more likely to carry a pregnancy to term than unmarried adolescents." Theodore Joyce, "The Social and Economic Correlates of Pregnancy Resolution Among Adolescents in new York by Race and Ethnicity: A Multivariate Analysis," Am. J. Public Health, 78(6) (1988): 626-663.

 

 

~G "There was a lack of contraceptive motivation in repeaters as an etiologic basis for recurrent unwanted pregnancy; the article cites a case of 17 prior abortions." Joseph Rovinsky, "Abortion Recidivism-A Problem in Preventative Medicine," Obstetrics and Gynecology, May 1972, 649-659.

 

 

~G "United States study reported that 80 percent of the women had their babies when refused a second-trimester abortion." N. Binkin, et al., "Women Refused Second Trimester Abortion: Correlates with Pregnancy Outcome," American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1 February 1983, 279-284.

 

 

~G "Women at a Phoenix, Arizona abortion clinc have an appointment to return in two weeks. The counselor stresses, 'It's important to come back. We need to check for possible infection and to see that your cervix has healed properly.' However, it is reported that two-thirds of them will never be heard from again. 'We'll call the number they've listed, and it will be non-existent, explains the counselor.'" (Susan Reed, "The Abortion Clinic: What Goes On," People Magazine (26 August 1985): 103 - 106, quoted in MAB, 20. Induced abortion contributes to fetal risk as women with prior abortions are significantly more likely to consume alcohol or drugs during subsequent pregnancies intended to be carried to term compared to women with other pregnancy outcomes."

 

 

~G Induced abortion increases HIV-1 infection risk by 172% according to an Italian study. "Significantly higher prevalences of infection [HIV-1] were associated with induced abortion (0.49%) than with delivery (0.18%) (OR: 2.72; 95% CI: 2.29-3.22)" (European Journal of Epidemiology, Deliveries, abortion and HIV-1 infection in Rome, 1989-1994, 1997, 13:373-378). Translated into plain English, women who have induced abortions have an increased risk of HIV-1 infection of 172% and the researchers were at least 99% confident of this result. How many U.S. women would get HIV-1 infection yearly from induced abortion? If the same 172% increase risk of HIV-1 infection applied to U.S. women, there would be roughly 4,000 HIV-1 infections per year from women having induced abortions (1,300,000 abortions X .31%). This is not the only medical journal report linking induced abortions to increased HIV-1 infection risk? The authors (Damiano D. Abeni et al.) cite four other studies that have found increased HIV-1 risk from induced abortion.

 

 

Psychological Effects

 

~PSG  Women's Mental Health Declines After Abortion While Childbirth Helps

 

Springfield, IL -- Women who undergo abortions are at greater risk for mental health problems in subsequent years, according to a new study presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Society (APS) held this June in Miami Beach, Florida.

 

The study looked at California women who received state funded medical care and who either had an abortion or gave birth in 1989. Researchers examined the women's medical records for up to six years afterwards and found that women who had undergone abortions had significantly higher mental health claims than women who had given birth. Women who had abortions were more than twice as likely to have two to nine treatments for mental health as women who carried to term.

 

According to the authors, Dr. Priscilla Coleman, a psychology professor at the University of the South and Dr. David Reardon, director of the Elliot Institute, "the data presented in this report suggest that when compared to birth, abortion is associated with a significantly greater risk for psychological disturbance among low income women."

 

Reardon said that the study avoided many problems that have plagued other post-abortion studies in the past, such as small sample sizes and a limited time frame. "Most other studies have only followed women for a few months at most," Reardon said. "However, the few long-term studies that have been done shows that many women's problems don't start cropping up until at least a year or so after the abortion, often when they reach the expected due date of the child or the anniversary of the abortion itself. By examining a lar ger period of time, this study was able to get a broader look at the association between abortion and subsequent mental health problems."

 

Yet another new study that presented at the APS conference by researchers from the University at Albany in New York found that teens who had children were as well or better adjusted than teens who did not have children. Compared to their non-parenting peers, the teen moms in the study had fewer mental disorders, reported less stress, were less likely than their peers to engage in denial as a coping strategy, were less dependent on social support and reported greater satisfaction with the support they did receive.

 

"These two studies clearly contradict the popular notion that abortion benefits women in general and teens in particular," said Reardon. "Giving birth to a child is a naturally maturing experience. By contrast, abortion increases the risk of subsequent psychological problems, including a six fold higher risk of substance abuse as reported in one of our previous studies."

 

Citations:

 

Coleman, P. K., & Reardon, D. (June, 2000). "State-funded abortions vs. deliveries: A comparison of subsequent mental health claims over six years." Poster presented at the American Psychological Society, 12th Annual Convention, Miami, FL.

 

Hanna, D. R., Lowe K. A., Leslie F. H. (June, 2000) "Pregnancy, coping strategies and stress: Are teenage mothers really more at-risk?" Poster presented at the American Psychological Society, 12th Annual Convention, Miami, FL."

 

Source of the above: Elliot Institute; July 26, 2000

 

 

~PSG "The most serious psychological damages that occur can be lumped under the condition known as Post-Abortion Syndrome (PAS), which is a part of a larger class of disorders called Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. The PAS victim, through the process of denial, blocks the natural grieving process of the death of her child and often denies her own responsibility in the abortion. The denial or suppression blocks the healing process and the possibility of forgiveness for herself and the others who have been involved in her decision and her abortion. The trauma often manifests itself as a breakdown of function in the psychological, physical, or spiritual areas." J. Denton Collins, M.A., M.F.C.C. MK19363, quoted in Kogut, The Facts of Pro-Life, n.p 61.

 

 

~PSG "Dr. Vincent Rue, a clinical psychologist, likened abortion victims to "walking time bombs" and said that little is heard of PAS problems because there is a massive denial among professionals.

 

 

~PSG Following is a long, long list of the psychological damages. Not every mother who aborts has damage, but many have more than one of these problems because of the abortion: child abuse, child neglect, suicidal behavior, anger/rage, feeling of being raped, worsening self-image, sexual coldness, fear of touching babies, nervous breakdown, promiscuity, constant thoughts about the child, loneliness, fear of making decisions, hallucinations related to the abortion, nightmares, increased drug and alcohol use, feelings of craziness, flashbacks, decreased ability to experience emotions, inability to communicate, feeling victimized, fear that others will learn of the abortion, guilt, anxiety, depression, grief, sadness, regret, loss, repeat abortions, unwillingness to continuing pursuing their life's goals, inability to sustain intimate relationships, hatred of people connected with abortions, and many, many more." Kogut, The Facts of Pro-Life, n.p 62.

 

 ". . .More than a baby would die in that room. Once I had a personality, a life, a soul. Now I was a body with broken pieces." Citation: ABSNM, 64.

 

 

~PSG "One doctor reports, 'Since abortion was legalized I have seen hundreds of patients who have had the operation. Approximately 10% expressed very little or no concern . . . Among the other 90% there were all shades of distress, anxiety, heartache and remorse.'" E. A. Quay, "Doctors Note Serious Side Effects on Women Following Abortion," The Wanderer, 16 November 1978, quoted in Saltenberger, 136.

 

 

~PSG "The complication of "GRIEF: 109 girls between the ages of 14 and 18 underwent abortions at a special adolescent clinic during a 12 month period. Careful follow-up revealed 'all of the girls had some sort of grief reaction'; 3 of them required psychotherapy." C. A. Cowell, "Problems of Adolescent Abortion," Orthopanel 14, (Ortho Pharmaceutical Corporation), quoted in Saltenberger, 140.

 

 

~PSG "Of women surveyed professionally after legal abortion, 23% eventually suffered severe guilt, 25% mild guilt with symptoms including insomnia, decreased work capacity and nervousness (Bulfin, quoted in Saltenberger, 140.); in another study, 26.4% felt guilt after legal abortions. Ian Kent, et al., "Emotional Sequelae of Therapeutic Abortion: A comparative Study," presented to the annual meeting of the Canadian Psychiatric Association at Saskatoon, September 1977, quoted in Saltenberger, 140. "

 

 

~PSG "Up to 43% of 500 women studied showed immediate negative response; the long-term negative response was as great as 50%. Up to 10% of women develop serious psychiatric complications." C. M. Friedman, et al., "The Decision-Making Process and the Outcome of Therapeutic Abortion, "American Journal of Psychiatry, 1974, 1332-7, quoted in Saltenberger, 145.

 

 

~PSG "Subjects who obtained their abortions in a clinic or hospital often did not meet the doctor performing the procedure until it was about to commence, and, in many cases, the doctor was not introduced by name."

 

 

~PSG "The inability to name the physician subsequent to the abortion, coupled with the knowledge that records were to some degree falsified, caused stress for many subjects who began to perceive the abortion personnel as less than trustworthy. It was also stress enhancing for those subjects who later wanted access to their abortion records." PSSFA, 72.

 

 

~PSG "It can be easily demonstrated that postpartum patients do better than post-abortion patients in psychotherapy. Abortion puts women at greater risk mentally, and to conclude otherwise is to go beyond available data. . . ." David Mall and Dr. Walter F. Watts, eds., The Psychological Aspects of Abortion, (University Publi- cations of America, 1979).

 

 

~PSG "This poll reveals that of all the situations which would make a person feel very bad about himself or herself, 67% of the women questioned and 55% of the men questioned in the age group 18 to 29 years old stated that having an abortion tops the list!" "The Curse of Self-Esteem," Newsweek, 17 February, reporting on a Gallup poll.

 

 

~PSG From David Reardon, on the psychological aftermath of abortion:

 

"94% reported negative feelings about their abortion experience.

 

On severity of post-abortion emotional problems, 55% said negative psychological impact was severe 31% said moderately severe 8% said mild or minor 6% were unsure

 

 More than 93% stated that their abortion resulted in a severely worsened 'self image.'

 

Asked to list what they felt was their most severe reaction, Reardon says 37% listed depression 32% listed guilt 20% listed lowered self-worth or lowered self-esteem

 

 19% described themselves as engaging in 'suicidal' behavior

 

 10% described themselves as having become 'alcoholics' after their abortions, [and a different]

 

 10% turned to drug abuse

 

 15% reported that their abortions left them with chronic feelings of anger or rage toward others

 

 10% reported sexual coldness or revulsion of sex following abortion

 

77% stated that their post-abortion psychological complications persisted for three years or longer. 38% felt a very strong need for psychological counseling. Many got it.

 

 66% believed their lives today are worse off because of their abortions.

 

 

~PSG "Abortion often creates feelings of low self-esteem, feelings of having compromised values, having 'murdered my child,' and so on. The damage abortion inflicts on a woman's sense of confidence and self-respect is even worse when these traits are already weak. For such an 'unaffirmed woman,' the 'consequences of induced abortion . . . consist always of a deepening of her feelings of inferiority, inadequacy, insignificance, and worthlessness.'" Dr. Conrad Baars, "Psychic Causes and Consequences of the Abortion Mentality," The Psychological Aspects of Abortion, (Washington, DC: University Publications of America, 1979) 122, quoted in ABSNM, 127.

 

 

~PSG "Feelings of rejection, low self-esteem, guilt and depression are all ingredients for suicide, and the rate of suicide attempts among aborted women is phenomenally high. According to one study, women who have had abortions are nine times more likely to attempt suicide than women in the general population." Dr. Margaret White at the Royal College of Physicians, The Liverpool Echo, 25 May 1976; Greenglass, "Therapeutic Abortion and Psychiatric Disturbance in Canadian Women," Canadian Psychiatric A. Journal, (1976), p. 45 found a 3 percent suicide rate. This was quoted in ABSNM, 129.

 

 

~PSG The fact of high suicide rates among aborted women is well known among professionals who counsel suicidal persons. But also, there is always a downswing in a woman's hormones during the early months of pregnancy. Because a pregnant woman is experiencing a major hormonal disturbance, 'depression is to be expected during the 2nd and 3rd months [of pregnancy], often the time the pregnancy is verified and a decision made.' (Regis Walling, "When Pregnancy is a Problem," The National Right to Life News, 12 January 1984, 1, quoted in ABSNM , 129.) The natural, hormone-induced depression may be easily misinterpreted to mean hostility towards childbirth, parenting, or even one's sexual partner."

 

 

~PSG "Because the aborted child was wanted and the abortion is seen at best as 'mercy killing' of an innocent child, the incidence of severe depression following a selective abortion is about 92 percent among the mothers, and 82 percent among the fathers." ABSNM, 176.

 

 

Many children are unwanted only during a temporary hormonal change.

 

 

~PSG "Indeed, the emotions surrounding rape and abortion are so nearly identical that abortion is almost certain to reinforce negative attitudes. Like rape, abortion accentuates feelings of guilt, lowered self-esteem, feelings of being sexually violated, feelings of having lost control or of being controlled by circumstances, suspicion of males, sexual coldness, and so on. Abortion of pregnant rape victims, then, tends only to rein-force these negative feelings and does nothing to promote the inner reconciliation which is so desperately needed. Encouraging a woman to vent her displaced anger in 'revenge' against her unborn child only impacts negative and self-destructive attitudes into her psyche." ABSNM, 198.

 

 

~PSG "Several researchers show that many aborters may never want intercourse again and many are forever frigid. Thus, they may never connect with love and marriage.

 

 

~PSG "An analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of U.S. Youth of a total of 5295 women in 1987 who were assessed for well-being based upon self-report found that women with repeat abortions were significantly more likely to say that they did not have much to be proud of than were women who had either one or no abortions." N. Russo and K. L. Zierk, "Abortion, Childbearing and Women's Well-Being," Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 23, 1992, 269-280, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 1.

 

 

~PSG "A Danish study during 1973 - 74 of psychiatric hospital admissions based upon an age adjusted percentage found that the psychiatric hospital admission rate was 1.9% for women with no prior abortions, 3.4% for women with one prior abortion, 4.1% for women with two prior abortions, and 6.0% for women with three prior abortions." _Teenage aborters had 2.9 times the rate of psychiatric admissions compared with teenage women in general. _(R. L. Somers, "Risk of Admission to Psychiatric Institutions among Danish Women Who Experienced Induced Abortion: An Analysis Based Upon Record Linkage," (Ph.D. thesis., UCLA, 1979), 41, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 4.) _ _

 

 

~PSG This study (Douglas Brown, T. E. Elkins, and David B. Larson, "Prolonged Grieving after Abortion," The Journal of Clinical Ethics (Summer 1993): 118-123, quoted in "Strahan, NAIRVSC, May/June 1997, 6, 7.) was not scientific. Nonetheless, in that it shows considerable negative sequelae of a large percentage of participants, it is not inconsequential, but important.

 

 

~PSG "Among the invitees [to the study] was the pastor of a large Protestant congregation in Florida which was predominantly white, urban and middle- to upper-class. After informing a Sunday gathering, which included 1,600 to 2,000 women, the pastor asked for descriptive letters from women who had negative experiences that they perceived to be linked with a past abortion. One week later, 61 replies, mostly anonymously forwarded through the mail, had arrived. Of these replies, 5 came from significant others (2 husbands, 2 sisters and 1 parent) and 11 letters were too brief to be useful. The remaining 45 letters were analyzed and published. Douglas Brown, T. E. Elkins, and David B. Larson, "Prolonged Grieving after Abortion," The Journal of Clinical Ethics (Summer 1993): 118-123, quoted in "Strahan, NAIRVSC, May/June 1997, 6, 7.

 

 

~PSG The ages of the women ranged from 25 to over 60 years, and 87% of those who mentioned their age were less than 40 years old. The age at the time of their abortion ranged from 16 to their early 40's, and 81% had undergone first-trimester abortions. . . . Of the 45 respondents, 64% spoke of more than incidental and transient grief immediately after the procedure, and 42% reported negative emotional sequelae endured over 10 years. One woman endured such experiences for 60 years." Douglas Brown, T. E. Elkins, and David B. Larson, "Prolonged Grieving after Abortion," The Journal of Clinical Ethics (Summer 1993): 118-123, quoted in "Strahan, NAIRVSC, May/June 1997, 6, 7.

 

 

~PSG "The most frequently mentioned long-term experience was the continued feeling of guilt (73.3%). Fantasizing about the aborted fetus was the second most frequently mentioned (57.8%). . . . Suicide ideation (15.5%), recurrent nightmares (13.3%), marital discord (15.5%), phobic responses to infants (13.3%), fear of men (8.9%) and disinterest in sex (6.7%) were also listed as negative sequelae. Douglas Brown, T. E. Elkins, and David B. Larson, "Prolonged Grieving after Abortion," The Journal of Clinical Ethics (Summer 1993): 118-123, quoted in "Strahan, NAIRVSC, May/June 1997, 6, 7.

 

 

~PSG Many of the respondents said they were writing the most difficult letter they had ever written, and half referred to their abortions as murder. Others used such phrases as 'a horrid mistake,' 'my worse experience,' 'a living hell.' . . . Unavoidable reminders such as Mother's Day, receiving news of a friend's pregnancy, being invited to a baby shower, seeing children on a playground and planning a birthday for their own children kept many of these women moving from one painful fantasy to the next." Douglas Brown, T. E. Elkins, and David B. Larson, "Prolonged Grieving after Abortion," The Journal of Clinical Ethics (Summer 1993): 118-123, quoted in "Strahan, NAIRVSC, May/June 1997, 6, 7.

 

 

~PSG "Abortion Decision-Making: Anticipatory distress in women prior to abortion which may be marked by anxiety, depression or denial is frequently present in women seeking abortion. Distress may arise from grief reactions which appear to be initiated by the decision to terminate a pregnancy by abortion. This temporary depression, distress or denial will impair rational decision-making ability and the woman may be unable to fully comprehend the necessary information on risks or alternatives which interferes with the legal requirement of informed consent. The degree of emotional and social support is an important factor as to whether or not a pregnancy is carried to term or abortion takes place. Boy friends or husbands frequently instigate the decision for abortion or urge or encourage abortion or act with indifference which is likely to result in a stressful crisis situation for the prospective mother." MAB, ii-v.

 

 

~PSG ". . . post abortion syndrome is a type of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder composed or the following basic components (a) exposure to or participation in abortion experience, which is perceived as the traumatic and intentional destructin of one's unborn child; (b) uncontrolled negative re-experienceing of the abortion event; (c) unsuccessful attempts to avoid or deny painful abortion recollections, resulting in reduced responsiveness; and (d) experiencing associated symptoms not present before the abortion, including guilt and surviving.Anne C. Speckhard and Vincent M. Rue, "Post Abortion Syndrome: An Emerging Public Health Concern," Journal of Social Issues, Vol. 48(3) (1992): 95-119, quoted in MAB, 44.

 

 

~PSG "[In] A study of 68 religiously oriented, primarily Protestant women who were studied 10 - 15 years post-abortion, 76% reported depression as one of the emotional effects of abortion" Jeanette Vought, Post-Abortion Trauma (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1991), quoted in MAB, 53.

 

 

~PSG "A 1987 survey of 100 women an average of 11 years post-abortion who were contacted through state Women Exploited by Abortion Chapters found that only 54% felt they had fully reconciled their abortion experience; 62% experienced the majority of their negative experience one year or more post-abortion; 97% regretted having the abortion; 62% said they felt more callused and hardened; 70% felt a need to stifle feelings; 45% said they had feelings of relief after abortion; 42% became sexually promiscous; 50% reported aversion to sexual intercourse or sexual unresponsiveness; 54% thought the abortion choice was inconsistent with their own ideals; 64% ended the relationship with their sexual partner following the abortion (41% within one month, 9% within six months, 14% within one year); 13% were later hospitalized for psychological treatment due to the abortion." David C. Reardon, A Survey of Post-Abortion Reactions (Springfield, IL: The Elliot Institute, 1987), quoted in MAB, 55.

 

 

~PSG "A 1987 survey of 100 women an average of 11 years post-abortion who were contacted through state Women Exploited by Abortion chapters found that only 54% felt they had fully reconciled their abortion experience; 62% experienced the majority of their negative experience one year or more post-abortion; 97% regretted having the abortion; 62% said they felt more callused and hardened; 70% felt a need to stifle feelings; 45% said they had feelings of relief after abortion; 42% became sexually promiscuous; 50% reported aversion to sexual intercourse or sexual unresponsiveness; 54% thought the abortion choice was inconsistent with their own ideals; 64% ended the relationship with their sexual partner following the abortion (41% within one month, 9% more within 6 months and 14% more within one year)." David C. Reardon, "A Survey of Post-Abortion Reactions."

 

 

~PSG "A Finnish study compared women seeking their second abortion to women who had successfully contracepted after their first abortion. Repeaters rated lower in control of impulsivity, emotional balance, realism, self-esteem and stability of life as well as reflecting a lesser capacity for integrated personal relationships. Repeating women more often had a history of broken legalized or non-legalized partner relationships. Partners of repeaters took less responsibility for contraception even though the women had left them greater responsibility in this respect. Solidarity with partners was weaker in the repeaters even though the women felt greater admiration for their partners. Repeating women were less mature and more impulsive, indicating a 'split' mechanism and immaturity of ego development which verged on a borderline level disturbance." P. Niemela, et al., "The First Abortion and the Last? A Study of the Personality Factors Underlying Failure of Contraception," International Journal of Gynaecol. Obstet., 19 (1981): 93-200.

 

 

~PSG "A study of 3,222 female residents in Southern Japan in 1971, based upon a mailed questionnaire, found that women perceived menses to occur more frequently and be of shorter duration as the number of reported prior abortions increased. 'Nervousness increased as number of prior abortions increased: 150/1,000 women (no prior abortion); 228/1,000 (one prior abortion); 256/1,000 (two or more prior abortions)." L.H. Roht, M.A. Fanner, H. Aoyama and E. Fonner, "Increased Reporting of Menstrual Symptoms Among Women Who Used Induced Abortion," Am. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 15 February 1977, 356-362.

 

 

~PSG "A study of 80 women (3-5 years post-abortion) who had abortions at a Baltimore area clinic in 1984-86 using the Millon clinical Multi-Axial Inventory (MCMI) found that women had significantly higher scores in areas of histrionic, narcissistic and anti-social characteristics compared to the sample on which the test had been normed. They also exhibited higher levels of anxiety and paranoia." Catherine A. Barnes, The Long Term Psychological Effects of Abortion, (Institute For Pregnancy Loss: Portsmouth N.H., 1990). Also see "Stress Reactions in Women Related to Induced Abortion," Association For Interdisciplinary Research Newsletter, 3(4) (Winter 1991), 1-3.

 

 

~PSG "A study of the Danish Central Psychiatric Register of all women who had been admitted between April 1, 1973 and December 31, 1975 found that psychiatric admissions increased with the self-reported number of past abortions (no abortions, 1.90%; one abortion, 3.4%; two abortions, 4.0%; three abortions, 6.0%). No such increase was observed as number of live births increased; women aged 35-39 with two or more abortions had higher rates of psychiatric admission than younger women with two or more abortions." Ronald Somers, Ph.D. "Risk of Admission to Psychiatric Institutions Among Danish Women Who Experienced Induced Abortion: An Analysis Based Upon Record Linkage," (diss, University of California, Los Angeles, 1979).

 

 

~PSG "Among women with 2 or more abortions, the rate of psychiatric admissions among women 35-39 (approx. 9%) was about 4 times higher than women 25-29 years of age (approx. 2.3%) and 8-18 times higher than women 20-24 years of age (0.5-1.1%) during 1973-1975." Ronald L. Somers, Ph.D., "Risk of Admission to Psychiatric Institutions Among Danish Women Who Experience Induced Abortion," (Thesis, UCLA, 1979).

 

 

~PSG "An immature teenager is especially vulnerable is she values her pregnancy and is given an abortion under pressure. She is very likely (a) to develop severe post-opereative depression which necessittes working through her loss as if after a bereavement; (b) to withdraw from her peers and completely isolate herself; (c) to deny the reality of her pregnancy and abortion; (d) to develop depressive equivalents, e.g., acting-out, difficulties at school, anti-social and aggressive behaviou; (e) to run away from school and/or home or university; (f) to attempt to commit and occasionally succeed in committing suicide (these girls are said to become accident prone and may resort to alcohol, drugs or self-mutilation); (g) to identify with the fetus and become ridden with guilt, shame and rage toward herself, her parents, her sexual partner, the doctor and the hospital.Joyce Dunlop, "Counseling of Patients Requestion an Abortion," The Practitioner, June 1978, 847-852, quoted in MAB, 58.

 

 

~PSG "Anxiety or Self-Punishing Behavior: There is growing evidence that women who have induced abortions will frequently exhibit a high level of anxiety, may fear they will be punished or deserve punishment, show paranoid behavior or fear of death. This may manifest itself in a number of contexts, such as fear of a dead child or deformed child in a subsequent pregnancy or self-destructive behavior such as drug or alcohol abuse or suicide attempts." MAB, ii-v.

 

 

~PSG "Even brief exposure to this population should serve to convince the skeptic that the frequent reports of insomnia, somatic complaints, intense anxiety, depressive feelings, suicide ideation and intense preoccupation with the problem of getting rid of the unwanted pregnancy define a population of people in crisis.Edward Senay, "Therapeutic Abortion: Clinical Aspects," Archives of General Psychiatry, November 1970, 408-415, quoted in MAB, 3.

 

 

~PSG "Forty-one medically indigent black women, unmarried and pregnant, ages 15 - 23, were studied. . . . In the study, deep regret was reported by 14.6%, some regret by 34.1%, a little regret by 19.5% and no regret by 31.7% on year post-abortion. Twenty-two percent stated they would not repeat their abortion; 14.4% probably not; 29.3% probably would and 24.4% definitely would." James M. Robbins, "Objective Versus Subjective Responses to Abortion," Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47(5) (1979): 994-995, quoted in MAB, 57.

 

 

~PSG "Impact on Men: The impact of induced abortion on men has been greatly neglected and there is little available literature on the subject. It appears from what is known that [there is] the reaction of guilt, sense of loss, regret, sadness or perhaps coldness or real or apparent indifference. Where abortion takes place despite the male objections, men may report a tremendous sense of helplessness. There is evidence that men may suppress their reactions to abortion to a greater degree than women." MAB, ii-v.

 

 

~PSG "Impact on Siblings: The impact of induced abortion on siblings in a family has been little studied. Small children are surprisingly aware of a pregnancy or abortion even when told nothing about it. Reactions of sibling to an abortion may be very severe. Fear of the mother, afraid of the world in general, self-blame, violent acting-out, despair and self-destructive behavior have been noted in various case studies." MAB, ii-v.

 

 

~PSG "In a 1987 'Survey of Postabortion' reactions among 100 women members of Women Exploited by Abortion and average of 11 years since their abortion, 87% agreed or stronly agreed with the statement, 'After my abortion I experienced feelings of depression.' Fifty per cent of these women were 20 years or younger at the time of their abortion.David C. Reardon, A Survey of Postabortion Reactions,(Springfield, IL: The Elliot Institute for Social Science Research, 1987), quoted in MAB, 53.

 

 

~PSG "In a British study of marital adjustment 3 months post abortion, 42% of the women said they were less close to their sexual partners vs. 22% who said they were more close. Unsatisfactory or mediocre marital adjustment before the abortion increased the likelihood of marital or sexual adjustment problems following the abortion." ElM. Belsey, H. Green, S. Lal, S. Lewis and R.W. Beard, "Predictive Factors in Emotional response to Abortion: Kind's Termination Study-IV," Social Science and Medicine, 11 (1977): 71-82.

 

 

~PSG "In a detailed study of 252 women with prior abortions who are members of Women Exploited by Abortion, approximately 10 years after their abortion, 95% were now dissatisfied with the abortion choice and 94% attributed negative psychological effects to their abortion." ABSNM

 

 

~PSG "In a Michigan study of 125 women who applied to be commercial surrogates, 35% either had a voluntary prior abortion (26%) or had relinquished a child for adoption (9%). Women felt, often unconsciously, that surrogate motherhood would help them master unresolved feelings through previous voluntary loss. Women stated, 'It would be their baby, not mine'; I'd be nest watching; and, I'll attach myself in a different way-hoping it's healthy.'" Philip Parker, "Motivation of Surrogate Mothers: Initial Findings," American Journal of Psychiatry, January 1983, 117-118.

 

 

~PSG "In a random telephone survey conducted in March, 1989 by Los Angeles Times of 2533 women, 8% acknowledged having had at least one abortion. One out of 5 women said they had never told anone about it before talking to the interviewer; 56% of the women had a sense of guilt about the abortion and 26% said they now mostly regretted the abortion. Only 39% of the women thought abortion 'morally right' and approximately one-third agreed that 'abortion is murder.'G. Skelton, "Many in Survey Who Had Abortion Cite Guilt Feelings," Los Angeles Times, 19 March 1989, 28, quoted in MAB, 56.

 

 

~PSG "In a study of 100 women at a private clinic at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 75% of the women were married or had long-term ongoing relationships. All had knowledge about contraception and had easy access to medical care; 66% had at least a college degree; 71% were employed full-time; 57% had incomes over $20,000 per year; 81% had one abortion, 14% (two) and 5% (three); one-third had a pregnancy before abortion, one-third had a child since aborting, and for one-third the abortion was their sole obstetrical history. Some 46% agreed that the abortion was a major crisis in their lives. Most women experienced loss and grief rather than joy and freedom. Relationships were suddenly and unexpectedly shaken. Some 48% believed their relationship with their male partner was significantly altered (approximately equally split positive and negative); 33% felt their sexual life was negatively affected to some degree; 52% were reluctant to tell people they had an abortion. Sadness, a sense of loss or emptiness, guilt, anger, anxiety and/or confusion was recalled by many. None ever expressed joy. Residual emotions diminished with time. Women with Catholic backgrounds and those with previous abortions more frequently expressed abortion as a form of infanticide." David H. Sherman et al., "The Abortion Experience in Private Practice," quoted in William F. Finn et al. ed., "Women and Loss: Psychobiological Perspectives," The Foundation of Thanatology Series, (Praeger Publishing: New York, 1985) Vol. 3, 98-107.

 

 

~PSG "In a study of 26 families at Yale New Haven Hospital in 1979-1982, in which mothers underwent abortion because of a serious defect in the unborn child, it represented a difficult and painful chapter of their lives. Fathers were particularly adversely impacted. Nineteen out of 22 children in the families studied had mild to severe reactions based upon observations of the parents." R. Furlong and R. Black, "Pregnancy Termination for Genetic Indications: The Impact on families," Social Work in Health Care, Fall 1984, 17.

 

 

~PSG "In a study of 30 women stressed by abortion after 5-10 years following their abortion, women reported feelings of sadness, regret, remorse or a sense of loss (100 percent); feelings of depression (92 percent); feelings of anger (92 percent); feelings of guilt (92 percent); fear that others would learn of the pregnancy and abortion experience (89 percent); surprise at the intensity of the emotional reaction to the abortion (85 percent); feelings of lowered self-worth (81 percent); feelings of victimization (81 percent); preoccupation with the characteristics of the aborted child (81 percent); feelings of depressed effect or suppressed ability to experience pain (73 percent); and feelings of discomfort around infants and small children (73 percent). In this study the most common behavioral reactions included frequent crying (81 percent); inability to communicate with others concerning the pregnancy and abortion experience (77 percent); flashbacks of the abortion experience (73 percent); sexual inhibition (69 percent); suicide ideation (65 percent) and increased alcohol use (61 percent)." PSSFA

 

 

~PSG "In a study of 30 women who reported chronic and long term stress from their abortin 92% expressed feelings of depression following abortion. Fifty per cent of these women had their abortion in the second trimester (46%) or third trimester (4%) of their pregnancy. The majority (64%) had their abortion 5 - 10 years previously, 20% were less than 5 years and 16% ranged from 11 - 25 years post abortion. PSSFA, quoted in MAB, 53.

 

 

~PSG "In a study of 344 post-abortal women an average of 6 years following their abortion, 66% expressed guilt, 54% expressed regret or remorse, 46% had an inability to forgive self, 57% reported crying or depression, 38% reported lower self-esteem and 36 % reported anger or rage." L.H. Gsellman, "Physical and Psychological Injury Following Abortion: Akron Pregnancy Services Survey," Association For Interdisciplinary Research Newsletter, September/October 1993, 1-8.

 

 

~PSG "In a study of 68 religiously oriented Minnesota women (primarily Evangelical and Lutheran), 10-15 years post-abortion, 90% reported guilt and shame related to their abortion, 74% feelings of isolation, 60% expressed anger toward others, 24% were more fearful of sexual intercourse after their abortion, 31% tried to avoid pregnant women, 53% said they desired to get pregnant again to compensate for their loss; 76% suffered from depression, 78% struggled with low self-esteem and 49% said they felt alienated from God." Jeanette Vought, Post-Abortion Trauma, 9 Steps to Recovery (Grand Rapids: Zondervan , 1991).

 

 

~PSG "In a study of repeat abortion patients in the Atlanta area, 21% of the repeat aborters vs. 8% of the first-time aborters reported they had no religious affiliation. The disparity was especially striking in the private clinic population, among whom eight times as many repeat abortion patients as first-time aborters said they had no religious affiliation (20% vs. 2.5%)." Judith Leach, "The Repeat Abortion Patient," Family Planning Perspectives, January/February 1977.

 

 

~PSG "In an investigation of abortion facilities a Miami Herald reporter posing as a potential client in a Florida abortion clinic said 'What about the baby. I'm worried about hurting the baby.' 'What baby,' answered the clinic owner. There's just two periods there that will be cleared out.' 'You mean I'm not pregnant?' Oh, you're pregnant. But there is no baby there . . . two periods and some water. If you don't terminate, then it will become a fetus, and after birth it will become a baby.' Sontag, "An Abortion," Miami Herald, 17 September 1989, Topic at p. 14., quoted in MAB, 41.) The patient, if she aborts, learns the truth, she could be psychologically damaged.

 

 

~PSG "Repeat abortion patients are more often dissatisfied with themselves, more often perceive themselves as victims of bad luck, and more frequently express negative feelings toward the current abortion than women who are obtaining abortions for the first time." Judith Leach, "The Repeat Abortion Patient," Family Planning Perspectives, January/February 1977, 37-39.

 

 

~PSG "Repeat abortion patients showed significantly higher distress scores on interpersonal sensitivity, paranoid ideation, phobic anxiety and sleep disturbance, compared with controls. Repeaters also showed a trend in higher scores in somatization, hostility and psychoticism." Ellen Freeman, "Emotional Distress Patterns among Women having First or repeat Abortions," Obstetrics and Gynecology, May 1980, 630-636.

 

 

~PSG "Some 157 South African women were studied 12 - 18 months post-abortion and compared with those who had presented for abortion and were refused. Aborted women admitted to greater social isolation, more adverse personality change, greter increase in use of alcohol, tobacco and drugs and psychiatric problems than comparison group.S. A. Drowner and E. S. Nash, "Therapeutic Abortion on Psychiatric Grounds," South Africa Med. J. 54 (1978): 604-608, quoted in MAB 54-55.

 

 

~PSG "Some 18.8% of women who had undergone induced abortion 3 - 5 years previously reported all Plst Traumatic Stress Syndrome criteria (DSM-III R). Some 39 - 45% of all women still had sleep disorders, hyper-vigilance and flashbacks of the abortion experience. Some 16.9% had high intrusion scores and 23.4% had high avoidance scores on the Impact of Events Scale. Women showed elevated scores on the MCMI test in areas of histrionic, anti-social narcissism, paranoid personality disorder and elevated anxiety campared with the sample on which the test had been normed." Catherine A. Barnard, The Long-Term Psycho-social Effects of Abortion, (Portsmouth, NH: Institute For Pregnancy Loss, 1990), quoted in MAB, 44.

 

 

~PSG "Some 413 women between the ages of 14-40 who underwent first trimester abortions at the university of Pennsylvania in 1977-78 were rated on emotional symptoms on pre-abortion and post-abortion tests. Some 35% of the women were repeating abortions. Seventy percent of the women undergoing a first abortion were black and 93% of the women undergoing a repeat abortion were black. Post-abortion scores of emotional distress of repeat abortion patients compared with women who had a first-time abortion were significantly higher on interpersonal sensitivity, paranoid ideation, phobic anxiety and sleep disturbance." E. Freeman, et al., "Emotional Distress Patterns Among Women Having First or Repeat Abortions," Obstetrics and Gynecology, May 1980, 630.

 

 

~PSG "Some 77% of the women studied experienced an acute grief reaction. Some 46% still remained symptomatic after six months, some requiring psychiatric support. Several would have liked burial or some recognition of death. Several had problems severe enough to influence reproductive behavior." J. Lloyd and K.M. Laurence, "Sequelae and Support After Termination of Pregnancy for Fetal Malformation," British Medical Journal, March 1985, 907-909.

 

 

~PSG "Stresses attendant to selective termination produce undesirable marital consequences that threatened marital stability." B. Blumberg, M. Golbus and K. Hanson, "The Psychological Sequelae of Abortion Performed for a Genetic Indication," Am. J. of Obstet and Gynecol, 1 August 1975, 799-808.

 

 

~PSG "The author, a social worker at a London hospital, interviewed more than 1,000 women with crisis pregnancies. Several in-depth case histories are reported. Repeaters were variously described as 'chaotic, childlike' (a woman who had 15 abortions in 23 years); 'doll-like' (history of numerous suicide attempts); holding 'anxiety, rage and confusion' over mother's mental illness; 'a delicate child-woman 16 years old with very little human warmth, depressed'; 'cold and detached with little feeling'; 'a suicidal woman with a history of three abortions, a first suicide attempt at age 15 and the most recent one at age 27, only six weeks ago, drug overdoses, anorexia nervosa and hospitalization for psychiatric treatment.' Women had shallow relationships with putative fathers and seemed to select male partners known to be objectionable to the repeaters' parents. Unconscious conflicts and lack of nurturing in family or origin were typical. Relationships with male partners usually terminated following abortion. Repeaters were irregular in keeping appointments and in completing therapy. Some called their unborn child 'monster.' The author concluded that repeat abortions are both an individual and social problem with physical and emotional suffering as well as a strain on medical and counseling resources." Susan Fisher, "Reflections on Repeated Abortions: The Manings and Motivations," Journal of Social Work Practice, May 1986, 70-87.

 

 

~PSG "The significance of abortions may not be revealed until later periods of emotional deptession. During depressions occurring in the fifth or sixth decates of the patient's life, the psychiatrist frequently hears expressions of remorse and guilt concerning abortions that occurred twenty or more years earlier.W. L. Sands, "Psychiatric history and mental status," Diagnosing Mental Illness: Evaluation in Psychiatry and Psychology (Kaplan, NY: Anthenum, 1973) 31, quoted in MAB, 53.

 

 

~PSG "Thirty-eight of fifty girls were studied via a questionnaire and interview with a psychiatrist and social worker. Most of the girls (26 out of 38) thought the abortion was a positive experience, but when asked whether they would repeat the experience, 66% said no. Thirty-seven percent of the girls' fathers were absent by death or separation. Thirty-seven percent of the girls broke up with the putative fathers following abortion. Nine of the 50 girls were pregnant. Of the 12 girls who did not participate, 42% had left home. The author suggested 'a high degree of emotional disturbance for the 'repeaters.'H. Cvejic, I. Lipper, R. Kinch and P. Benjamin, "Follow-Up of 50 Adolescent Girls Two Years After Abortions," CMA Journal, 8 January 1977, 44-46, quoted in MAB, 58.

 

 

~PSG "This study found elevated MMPI scores for women obtaining abortions in several categories, compared with controls. Masochistic behavioral patterns and a rejection of the maternal role were frequently reported in the abortion group." C. Ford, P. Castelnuovo-Tedesco and K. Long, "Women Who Seek Therapeutic Abortion: A Comparison with Women Who Complete Their Pregnancies," American Journal of Psychiatry, November 1972, 58-64.

 

 

~PSG "Those applying to be surrogate mothers included a substantial number of women with unresolved psychological problems from a prior induced abortion." Philip G. Parker, "Motivation of Surrogate Mothers: Initial Findings," American Journal of Psychiatry, January 1983, 117-118.

 

 

~PSG "Washington: American Institute for Research. A threefold increase in previous psychiatric consultations was found in women seeking repeat abortions compared with maternity patients." W. Pasini and J. Kellerhals, Proceeding of the Conference on Psycho-Social Factors in Transnational Family Planning Research, 1970, 44-54.

 

 

~PSG "A Denmark study found that 2% of uninfected post abortion women and 12% of post abortion women infected with Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) had chronic pelvic pain. [Lars Heisterberg, S. Hebjorn, and L.F. Anderson, "Sequelae of Induced First-Trimester Abortion," Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol., 155:1986, 76 - 80. A Swedish study of 382 women 5 - 6 years post abortion found that 2% of uninfected women had chronic pelvic pain, while 20% of post abortion women infected with PID had chronic pelvic pain. [Lars Heisterberg, "Factors Influencing Spontaneous Abortion, Dyspareunia, Dysmenorrhea, and Pelvic Pain, Obstet. Gynecol. 81:1993, 594-597. From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 2," NAIRVSC, September/October 1996, 4.

 

 

~PSG Chronic pelvic or abdominal pain can be very serious and be accompanied by many other adverse effects. Women with abdominal pelvic pain syndrome have been found to be significantly more anxious, depressed, and hostile, and have more somatic symptoms than other patients. [J.C. Slocumb et al., "Anxiety and Depression in Patients with the Abdominal Pelvic Pain Syndrome," General Hospital Psychiatry, 11:1989, 48 - 53]. Other research concluded these women exhibited significantly higher prevalence of major depression, substance abuse, adult sexual dysfunction, somatization, and history of childhood and adult sexual abuse than a comparison group. [E. Walker et al.,, "Relationships of Chronic Pelvic Pain to Psychiatric Diagnosis and Childhood Sexual Abuse," Am. J. Psychiatry, 145:1988, 75]. Another study found that they are more likely to use dissociation as a coping mechanism, to show current psychological distress, to see themselves as medically disabled, and to experience vocational and social problems. [E. A. Walker, "Dissociation in Women with Chronic Pelvic Pain," Am. J. Psychiatry, 149:1992, 534-537]. Chronic abdominal or pelvic pain can be long lasting. A Danish study found that only 31% of abdominal pain disappeared over a period of 5 years [L. Kay, T. Jorgensen, K.H. Jensen, "Epidemiology of Abdominal Symptoms in a Random Population: Prevalence, Incidence, and Natural History," Eur. J. Epidemiology, October 1994, 559]. Some women are hospitalized [P. Velebil et al., "Rate of Hospitalization for Gynecological Disorders Among Reproductive-Age Women in the United States," Obstet. Gynecol. 86:1995, 764-769] for abdominal or pelvic pain or seek treatment at emergency rooms of hospitals [T.W. Lukens, C. Emerman, and D. Effron, "The Nature History and Clinical Findings in Undifferentiated Abdominal Pain," Annals of Emergency Medicine, April 1993, 690]. Psychiatric counseling or treatment has not been successful in stopping the pain [G. T. Koopmans et al., "Effects of Psychiatric Consultation of Medical Consumption in Medical Outpatients with Abdominal Pain," Psychosomatics, 36:1995, 387-399]. Sometimes doctors will have women undergo a hysterectomy to attempt to eliminate the pain, but again this method is not effective." From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 2," NAIRVSC, September/October 1996, 4.

 

 

~PSG ". . . For example, as abortion is repeated, studies have reported that there is a 2 -3 fold increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, [A. Levin et al., "Ectopic Pregnancy and Prior Induced Abortion," Am. J. Public Health. March 1982, 253-256, and J.R. Daling et al., "Ectopic Pregnancy in Relation to Previous Induced Abortion," JAMA, 15 February 1985, 1005-1008] low birthweight, miscarriage [5 sources: Susan Harlap et al., "A Prospective Study of Spontaneous Fetal Losses After Induced Abortion," New England J. of Medicine, 27 September1979, 677, and Ann Levin, "Association of Abortion with Subsequent Pregnancy Loss," JAMA, 27 June 1980, 2495-2499, and E. Obel, "Pregnancy Complications Following Legally Induced Abortion with Special Reference to Abortion Technique," Acta Ogstet. Gynecol. Scand., 58:1979, 147, and L.H. Roht et al., "The Association with Multiple Induced Abortions with Subsequent Prematurity and Spontaneous Abortion," Acta Obstet. Gynecol., 23:1976, 140-145, and M.T. Mandelson et al., "Low Birth Weight in Relation to Multiple Induced Abortions," Am. J. Public Health, March 1992, 391, and World Health Organization "Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction: Seventh Annual Report," Geneva, November 1978 summarized as "Repeat Abortions Increase Risk of Miscarriage, Premature Birth and Low Birthweight Babies," Family Planning Perspectives, January/February 1979, 39-40] or childbirth complications [A. Lopes, P.A. King, and Aust. NZ, "The Impact of Multiple Induced Abortions on the Outcome of Subsequent Pregnancy," Obstet. Gynaecol. 31(1):1991, 41] in subsequent pregnancies compared to no abortions or one abortion. From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 2," NAIRVSC, September/October 1996, 5.

 

 

~PSG "As abortion is repeated women tend to be increasingly alienated in various ways. Various research studies have found that there is increased likelihood of women being isolated and they are more likely to have poorer interpersonal relationships [E. Freeman et al., "Emotional Distress Patterns Among Women Having First or Repeat Abortions," Obstet. Gynecol, May 1980, 630], have more broken relationships with their male partner [P. Niemala et al., "The First Abortion and the Last? A Study of the Personality Factors Underlying Failure of Contraception," Int'l J. Gynaecol. Obstet.., 19:1981, 193], or report having no male partner [M. Osler et al., "Repeat Abortion in Denmark," Danish Medical Bulletin, February 1992, 89]. They are also more likely to have been divorced [M.J. Shepard, M.B. Bracken, "Contraceptive Practice and Repeat Induced Abortion: An Epidemiological Investigation," Biosocial Science, 11:1979, 289], and are more likely to report being in unhappy marriages [E. Szabady and A. Klinger, "Pilot Surveys of Repeated Abortion," International Mental Health Newsletter,14:1972, 6]. From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 2," NAIRVSC, September/October 1996, 5.

 

 

~PSG A study of women in Atlanta, Georgia found that women repeating abortion were less likely to report a religious affiliation compared to women with one abortion [Judith Leach, "The Repeat Abortion Patient," Family Planning Perspectives, January/February 1977, 37?]. A Danish study found that women who repeat abortion have been found to increasingly be admitted to a hospital for psychiatric care, although the same study found that this was not the case for increasing numbers of childbirths [Ronald Somers, "Risk of Admission to Psychiatric Institutions Among Danish Women Who Experienced Abortion: An Analysis Based Upon Record Linkage," Dissertation Abstracts Int'l, 1979, 2621-B]. A study of women in a post-abortion support group at the Medical College of Ohio who reported poorly assimilating their abortion experience(s), found that those who had repeated abortion were more likely to be depressed and more likely to have considered or attempted suicide than women reporting a single abortion [K.N. Franco et al., "Psychological Profile of Dysphoric women Postabortion," J. of the American Medical Women's Asso., July/August 1989, 113]. A Greek study found that women repeating abortion are more likely to evidence symptoms of grieving and mourning [D. Naziri and A. Tzavaras, "Mourning and Guilt Among Greek women Having Repeated Abortions," Omega, 26(2):1992-1993, 137]. "From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 2," NAIRVSC, September/October 1996, 5.

 

 

~PSG "None of the abortion clinic informational or consent forms advise women of the possibility of long term negative psychological effects from abortion. However, since 1987, there have been published at least three books which include data-based studies on long term negative psychological effects [Anne C. Speckhard, "The Psycho-Social Aspects of Stress Following Abortion" (1987) and David Reardon, "Aborted Women: Silent No More" (1987) and Jeanette Vought, "Post-Abortion Trauma, 9 Steps to Recovery"], several articles in medical or social journals [Four sources: K.N. Franco et al., "Psychological Profile of Dysphoric Women Postabortion," J. of the American Medical Women's Association, July/August 1989, 113, and Anne Speckhard and Vincent Rue, "Post Abortion Syndrome: An Emerging Public Health Concern, Journal of Social Issues, 48(3):1992, 95, and R. C. Erickson, "Abortion Trauma: Application of a conflict Model," Pre and Perinatal Psychology Journal, Fall 1993, 33, and R. Fisch and O. Tadmore, "Iatrogenic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder" letter, The Lancet, 9 December 1989, 1397] four doctoral dissertations, and at least two presentations made to professional organizations on long-term negative psychological effects [See generally /Major Articles and Books concerning the Detrimental Effects of Abortion/, Rutherford Institute: Charlottesville, VA (1993)]. One study by researchers at the Medical College of Ohio was on women in a post-abortion support group who had abortions 1 - 15 years previously, and reported they had poorly assimilated their abortion experience. It was found that many women were ambivalent at the time of their abortion. Many felt coerced by boyfriends, doctors, or parents. Anxiety, somotoform disorders and dysthymia were prominent among the group. 48% had undergone psychotherapy after their abortion and a significant number had suicidal thoughts or suicidal attempts after their abortion. Anniversary reactions were clearly reported by 42% of the group. Those with multiple abortions evidenced more severe pathology than women with a single abortion [K.N. Franco et al., "Psychological Profile of Dysphoric women Postabortion," J. of the American Medical Women's Asso., July/August 1989,113]. From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 2," NAIRVSC, September/October 1996, 6.

 

 

~PSG Another study which limited itself to women with only one abortion and no other identifiable trauma within 5 years, found severe grief reactions to be present in women an average of 11 years post abortion (1 - 26 year range) [Gail Barger Williams, "Induced Elective Abortion and Perinatal Grief," Dissertation Abstracts Int'l, 53(3):1991, 1296B]. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) attributable to abortion has been found in at least 18.8% of women 3 - 5 years postabortion. (DSM-IIIR criteria) [C. A. Barnard, "The Long Term Psychosocial Effects of Abortion," Institute for Pregnancy Loss: Portsmouth, NH, 1989]. Other studies have found long term guilt, anger or stress, depression, lower self-esteem, suicidal impulses and other long term negative psychological effects [See generally /Major Articles and Books concerning the Detrimental Effects of Abortion/, Rutherford Institute: Charlottesville, VA (1993)]." From "Lack of Individualized Counseling Regarding Risk Factors For Induced Abortion: A Violation of Informed Consent, Part 2," NAIRVSC, September/October 1996, 6.

 

 

~PSG Counselor Laurie Velker says a nonscientific survey she conducted among female inmates in Michigan prisons revealed that "their anger was increased as a result of their abortion. They said they could see an increase in violent behavior after their abortions."

 

 

~PSG Ten years of research in Canada found a strong correlation between child abuse and abortion. Says Dr. Philip Ney of Victoria, British Columbia, "If that instinctual restraint against killing or neglect of one's young is pushed aside once, it's much more easy to do it again."

 

 

~PSG But Dr. Philip Mango, a psychotherapist with 30 years experience in individual and marital therapy, says "any honest clinician or researcher will come to the conclusion that large numbers of women who have had abortions, whether they believe in God or not, develop self-destructive behaviors."

 

 

~PSG "Women with a history of abortion are more likely to experience depression than women who give birth, expecially if they had negative feelings about the abortion or felt that they had no control over the abortion decision."  C. F. Bradley, "Abortion and Subsequent Pregnancy Loss," Canadian J. Psychiatry, 28:494-498, Oct. 1984, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 4.

 

~PSG  "And a Danish study found that overall, women with a history of abortion had a 50 percent higher rate of admission to psychiatric hospitals than did women who had live born children."  H. David, N. Rasmussen and E. Holst, "Postpartum and Postabortion Psychotic Reactions," Family Planning Perspectives, 13(2), March/April 1981, 8892, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 4.

 

~PSG "Another study (see Figure 3) found that while there was no significant difference in psychological disorders or use of social services between women carrying to term and those seeking abortion for the first time, women who had already had an abortion were almost twice as likely to have psychological disorders or to have had contact with the social service system."  Tornbom, M., et al., "Repeat Abortion: A Comparative Study," Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology, 17:208-214, 1996, quoted in Amy R. Sobie, "The Risks of Choice," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 4.

 

 

~PSG "Women who undergo abortions are at greater risk for mental health problems in subsequent years, according to a new Elliot Institute study presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Society (APS) held this June in Miami Beach, Florida.  The study looked at California women who received state funded medical care and who either had an abortion or gave birth in 1989.  Researchers examined the women's medical records for up to six years afterwards and found that women who had undergone abortions had significantly higher mental health claims than women who had given birth.  Women who had abortions were more than twice likely to have sought treatment between two and nine times for mental health reasons as women who carried to term."  P. K. Coleman & D. Reardon (June 2000), "State-funded abortions vs. deliveries: A comparison of subsequent mental health claims over six years."  Poster presented at the American Psychological Society, 12th Annual Convention, Miami, FL, quoted in quoted in "Abortion vs. Childbirth," The Post-Abortion Review, July-Sept. 2000, 7.

 

 

 

Suicide

 

~S "According to a 1986 study by researchers at the University of Minnesota, a teenage girl is 10 times more likely to attempt suicide if she had an abortion in the last six months than is a comparable teenage girl who has not had an abortion."

 

 

~S "In a study of 71 women at the Medical College of Ohio in a post abortion support who had poorly assimilated the abortion experience, among women with multiple abortions 50% made post abortion suicide attempts compared with 16% post abortion suicide attempts among women with a history of a single abortion." K. Franco, et al., "Psychological Profile of Dysphoric Women Postabortion," J. of the American Medical Women's Association, July-August 1989, 113, quoted in Strahan, NAIRVSC, Winter 1993, 4.

 

 

~S "Other times, the suicidal impulses result from years of repression, depression, and lost self-esteem. A 1987 study of women who suffered from post-abortion trauma found that 60 percent had experienced suicidal ideation, 28 percent had attempted suicide, and 18 percent had attempted suicide more than once. Often several years after the event." David C. Reardon, "The Abortion/Suicide Connection."

 

 

~S "Sixty-five percent of the subjects [in author's own study] reported having suicidal thoughts as a reaction to the abortion experience, and 31 percent of the subjects made suicide attempts." PSSFA, 57.

 

 

~S "What of post-abortion suicide? . . .

 

 

~S Post-abortion suicide is slowly growing into a rather frightening phenomenon. Suiciders Anonymous (M. Uchtman, Ohio Director of Suiciders Anonymous, Report to the Cincinnati City Council, 1 September 1981, quoted in Willke, Abortion: Questions & Answers, 126.) is a national fellowship patterned after Alcoholics Anonymous. It tries to help those who have attempted suicide. Suiciders Anonymous, in a 35-month period in the Cincinnati, Ohio area, reported counseling 5,620 members. These people were described as, 'those suffering in-depth, deep depression, anxiety, stress, and fears they cannot overcome, those who have attempted suicide, often several times, and failed, and those who are considering taking that final desperate step.' Of these 5,260 people: 4,000 were women 1,800 had abortions, of whom 1,400 were between 15-24 years old.

 

 

~S In her report, M. Uchtman (Suiciders Anonymous), said it in a way which makes it clearly understandable:

 

 'AFTER YEARS OF LISTENING TO THEIR STORIES, WE KNOW THERE ARE THOUSANDS MORE OUT THERE BEING BRAVE. BY HOLDING A TIGHT REIGN ON THEIR EMOTIONS, THEY TUCK ALL THAT UNEXPRESSED EMOTION AND UNSHARED EXPERIENCE DEEP DOWN INSIDE THEMSELVES, WHERE IT KEEPS GROWING, LIKE A PRESSURED TUMOR OF PAIN.'

 

 

~S Of all the emotions they experienced during the abortion crisis, none brings more pain and distress than the one they now know and identify five to ten times more than any other feelings. These women always tell us the same thing. 'Oh, my god, I am evil. I have to be evil to have done this thing. I feel so alone, so forsaken.'

 

 

~S Panic and distress grips them after an abortion, because the feelings are allowed to remain shadowy, ominous, ghost-like. They are shapes dancing around the edges of their consciousness. They commonly postpone the moment of truth as long as possible. But when the subconscious throws it forward, they go through mental hell! Even at age 87, the critical moment comes when the chilling reality overwhelms them and cold reality numbs their spirit and casts them into those dark 'pits' of despair and pain!

 

 

~S They fantasize that the 'cancer' will disappear. But it cannot! So feelings cannot be denied and repressed without doing violence to every other area of their living. And of all those they touch! It is vital that parents are prepared!

 

Here are the two questions they always ask us:

 

WILL THIS PAIN NEVER DIE? HOW MANY YEARS DOES IT TAKE TO GET OVER THIS PAIN?

 

~S Many women purposely keep the pain alive by never forgiving the spouse or mate after the decision. He rejects her, leaving her to live in the pits alone, in the depths and in deep depression!

 

 

~S They become more and more depersonalized, superficial, and artificial. Suicide is now more desirable for them than a lifetime of false pretense and hopelessness."

 

 

~S "Suicide Attempts: Adolescents from dysfunctional homes or those who have run away from home have been found to have significantly elevated incidence of suicide attempts following abortion. Also, women who repeat abortion have a higher rate of suicide attempts than women with one abortion, according to a survey of women in a patient-led post-abortion support group." MAB, ii-v.

 

 

~S "Women reporting multiple abortions had more often considered suicide and scored higher on borderline personality pathology and depression. Some 40% of the 71 women studied reported anniversary reactions. None of the women aborting sought psychotherapy after the procedure." K. Franco, M. Tamburrino, N. Campbell and S. Jurs, "Dysphoric Reactions in Women after Abortion," J. of the American Medical Women's Association, July/August 1989, 113.

 

 

~S "Pregnant women are only one-third as likely to commit suicide as other women in their age group, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at Cornell University Medical College. The study checked every known case of suicide among women aged 10 to 44 in New York city from 1990 to 1993. Of the 315 suicides reported, only six were pregnant women. communique, 7 February 1997.

 

 

~S In a study of 9,192 deaths of women aged 15 to 49 years of which 1,347 were suicides during the one-year period following the end of the pregnancy, "The mean annual suicide rate was 11.3 per 100,000. The suicide rate associated with birth was significantly lower (5.9) and the rates associated with miscarriage (18.1) and induced abortion (34.7) were significantly higher than in the population." In several paragraphs, the study points out: 1) Those that give birth have one-half the suicide risk of all the women combined, and 2) Those who have induced abortion are have 5.9 times the risk of those who give birth. (Mika Gissler, Elina Hemminki, Jouko Lonnqvist, "Suicides after pregnancy in Finland, 1987 - 94: register linkage study," BMJ, 7 (December 1996): 1431-1434.) The study also said, "The stated reasons for the abortion in suicide cases did not differ from those for all abortions; over 80% were performed because of social reasons. In our data on suicide no abortion was performed for fetal abnormality." (Same source.)

 

 

~S "Pregnant women commit suicide at much lower rates than women of child-bearing age who are not pregnant, according to a study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry. Peter M. Marzuk, M.D. et al. wrote that "this finding would be intriguing because it may suggest that pregnancy could be a model for exploring protective factors against suicide in women in general.'Peter M. Marzuk, M.D. et al., "Lower Risk of Suicide During Pregnancy," American Journal of Psychiatry, January 1997, 122.

 

 

~S This study (Mika Gissler, "Abortion and suicide risk," British Medical Journal, No. 7070.) rates in Finland for women aged 15 to 49: For those who have given birth: 5.9 Average: 11.3 For those who have miscarried: 18.1 For those who have aborted: 34.7

 

Thus, those who aborted had nearly 6 times the suicide rate.

 

Among all women aged 15 to 49, suicide represented 15% of all deaths. Mika Gissler, "Abortion and suicide risk," British Medical Journal, No. 7070.

 

~S "A new Elliot Institute study has found that women who have had abortions are more likely to commit suicide than those who have given birth.

 

The study examined Medi-Cal records for more than 173,000 low-income California women who had abortions or gave birth in 1989.  Linking these records to death certificates, the researchers found that women who had state-funded abortions were 2.6 times more likely to die of suicide compared to women who delivered their babies.

 

The average  annual suicide rate per 100,000 women was 3.0 for delivering women, compared to 7.8 for aborting women.  The national average suicide rate for women between the ages of 15 and 44 is 5.2 per 100,000 women.  This shows that aborted women have a higher suicide rate than women in general, while giving birth actually reduces women's suicide risk.

 

'The data clearly shows what we have long suspected: that abortion is harmful rather than helpful to women,' said Elliot Institute director Dr. David Reardon, one of several researchers working on the study.

 

Reardon said that the Elliot Institute study built on previous research from other countries that found higher death rates among post-abortive women.  A study of all women in Finland, for example, found that women who had abortions were three-and-a-half times more likely to die within the next year as women who carried their pregnancies to term."   "Suicide Rate Higher After Abortion, Study Shows," The Post-Abortion Review, April-June 2001, 6.

 

 

~S Comment by Life Research Institute: Approximately one-third of pro-life activist women have had at least one abortion. (Nola Jones, personal observation of, 1991.) Perhaps the above explains why they became pro-life activists.

 

If you need pre-abortion or post-abortion counseling, you can find out how to find what you need in the "Pregnant?  Need Help?" portion of this web site.

 

If you feel you have been injured by an abortion and might want to  sue, call American Rights Coalition at 800 634 2224.


Summary of injuries:

 

14 x more likely to die from homicide afterward

4 x more likely to have a fatal accident afterward

58% greater risk of dying during a later pregnancy

a deepening of her feelings of inferiority, inadequacy, insignificance, and worthlessness

acute kidney failure

adverse psychological and psychiatric sequelae

AIDS from blood transfusions

AIDS or Hepatitis from increased drug and needle use

amenorrhea

amniotic fluid embolus

anger/rage

anorexia nervosa

anti-social and aggressive behavior

anti-social narcissism

anxiety

birth

bleeding and cramping

bleeding in a subsequent pregnancy

blood clots

born children thinking they will be killed by their mothers

cardio-respiratory arrest

Casual or relatively uncommitted or conflicted relationships are particularly likely to break up after the abortion.

cervical cancer

cervical damage

cervical incompetence

cervical insufficiency

cervical lacerations

cervical rupture

changes in eating behaviors

changes in sexual relationships

child abuse of born children

chronic pelvic pain

cirrhosis of the liver due to drinking more

cold sweats

colorectal cancer

coma

constant thoughts about the child

damage and loss of other internal organs

death of next babies, born or not

decreased ability to experience emotions

development of self-destructive behaviors

dissatisfaction with self

distress

dizziness

during subsequent birth, more likely to suffer from retained placenta during delivery or postpartum hemorrhage

dysthymia

eclampsia

ectopic pregnancies later (can be fatal to mother)

embolism

endometrial cancer

endometritis

extreme weight gain

fear

fear of death

fear of making decisions

fear of men

fear of touching babies

fear that others will learn of the abortion

feeling alienated from God

feeling of being raped

feeling victimized

feelings of craziness

feelings of discomfort around infants and small children

feelings of lowered self-worth

feelings of victimization

flashbacks

frequent crying

frigidity, thus never falling in love or getting married

grief

guilt

handicapped babies from future pregnancies

hallucinations related to the abortion

hatred of people connected with abortions

headaches

heart disease due to smoking and drinking more

heartache

hemorrhage

impaired rational decision-making ability

inability to communicate

inability to sustain intimate relationships

increased isolation
lowered self-worth

increased probability of future miscarriages

Induced abortion contributes to fetal risk as women with prior abortions are significantly more likely to consume alcohol or drugs during subsequent pregnancies intended to be carried to term compared to women with other pregnancy outcomes.

Induced abortion increases HIV-1 infection risk by 172%.

infection

insomnia

intrauterine infection during a subsequent pregnancy

lack of contraceptive motivation

later miscarriage

less satisfying relationships

liver cancer

loneliness

long term heavy bleeding

long term stress

loss of baby

loss of salvation

lung cancer from smoking more

menstrual disturbances

menstrual irregularity

more drug abuse after

more maltreatment of born children

more SID


more STDs due to extra promiscuity

necessary colonostomy

necessary hysterectomy

nervous breakdown

nervousness

never forgiving the spouse or mate after the decision

nightmares

ovarian cancer

panic

paranoid behavior

paranoid ideation

pelvic abscesses

pelvic inflammatory disease

pelvic pain

perforation of the uterus

peritonitis

phobic anxiety

phobic responses to infants

placenta previa

Post-Abortion Syndrome

pre-eclampsia

preoccupation with the characteristics of the aborted child

psychoticism

pulmonary thromboembolism

reduces aborters level of job skills and employment opportunities

regret

remorse

retained placenta

running away from school and/or home or university

sadness

salpingitis

severe hemorrhage

sexual coldness

sexual inhibition

shame

shock

sterility

stillbirths

suicide

suicide ideation and attempts

unwillingness to continue pursuing life's goals

uresolved fertility issues

viral hepatitis

volunteering to become surrogate mothers

withdraw

worsening self-image

 

 

End of Abortion Hurts Women In Numerous Ways


 

Promiscuity Education: Specific Examples of Promiscuity Content

Promiscuity Education:

Specific Examples of Promiscuity Content

A product of Life Research Institute     

This is a reference document.

 

Keep out of the reach of children!

 

Introduction:

 

This compendium will show many, many examples of the content of what Planned Parenthood, the Sex Education and Information Council of the U.S. (SIECUS), and others call Sexuality Education or AIDS awareness but would be much more accurately called Promiscuity Education. (It does not cover the topic of Abstinence Education.) First, however, Life Research Institute (LRI) must list some exceedingly important facts about these programs. Then LRI will positively prove that these programs teach our children how to be promiscuous and to be promiscuous.

 

lPromiscuity programs use peer pressure to encourage promiscuity. Currently, this statement and a few others may seem outrageous. However, you will see that this compendium easily proves this.

 

lThe sheer quantity of explicit material presented in mixed groups year after year removes inhibitions.

 

lPromiscuity programs claim to be value neutral, but this is just a term which actually means "Don't pay attention to parents or God, anything goes." That is not value neutral. It says, "Parents and God don't count, but my values [the teacher's] do."  Even so-called not-having-values is a value: you can make up your own "morality."  As shown below, a values-clarification pioneer calls morality immoral.

 

lPlanned Parenthood aggressively discourages parental involvement in teaching children about sex notwithstanding that Planned Parenthood aggressively denies this.

 

lPromiscuity Education is based on the research of Alfred Kinsey and is thoroughly dependent on it for its alleged credibility, content, appropriateness, and effectiveness. SIECUS was founded at the Kinsey Institute in 1964.  It was specifically created to teach and promote the sexual theories of Dr. Alfred C. Kinsey, a zoologist who  was an expert on the wingspan of a certain type of wasp.  The Kinsey research has been discredited. See endnote 1 for further citations.

 

lPro-abortion former President of Planned Parenthood, Dr. Alan Guttmacher said, "We find that when an abortion is easily obtainable, contraception is neither actively nor diligently used. . . there would be no reward for the woman who practices effective contraception. . . . Abortion on demand relieves the husband of all possible responsibility; he simply becomes a coital animal."2

 

lDr. Alan Guttmacher also said (immediately after the Roe v. Wade Decision that legalized abortion), "Then how can the Supreme Court Decision be absolutely secured? The answer to winning the battle for elective abortion once and for all is sex education."3 Apparently, he knew what Planned Parenthood's brand of "sex" education (Promiscuity Ed) would do to the pregnancy and abortion rates.

 

lOne study4 shows that for every 1,000 girls who take Planned Parenthood-type Promiscuity Education, 113 get pregnant before marriage, but for every 1,000 girls getting abstinence sex education, only 4 get pregnant before marriage.

 

LRI requests that, as you read this material, you consider the following questions, even though (or especially because) these questions are unanswerable:

 

lHow does Promiscuity Education instead of Abstinence Education decrease the intercourse rate?

 

lSince Promiscuity Education greatly increases the intercourse rate, and since birth control fails, and since birth control isn't always used anyway, how does Promiscuity Education reduce the pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates?

 

lSince teens cannot be convinced to use condoms, how does Promiscuity Education reduce sexually transmitted disease? (Only condoms and abstinence do this.)

 

lRealistically, how many hours does it take to show biology? Perhaps four? So what is taught for the years that children have Promiscuity Education?

 

lSince Promiscuity Education takes money and classroom time, what subjects are cast aside to make room for Promiscuity Education? Aren't these cast-aside subjects valuable in college or work? So how does Promiscuity Education contribute to getting a college degree or being successful on the job? How does it raise SAT scores? How does it make the United States competitive in the world economy?

 

As LRI now proceeds with explicit descriptions of Promiscuity Education, it will be asking you the above questions and more. In order that you can be sure that you are reading LRI questions and comments instead of the quoted material, note that LRI questions (and comments) will be in these type of brackets: { }

 

 

Specific Examples of Promiscuity Content

 

From George Grant, Grand Illusions, The Legacy of Planned Parenthood (Highland Books, 1998).

 

Pages 118 - 119: "This week, a representative from Planned Parenthood had come to talk about sex, contraception, pregnancy, and abortion. 'I was shocked,' Catherine told me later. 'Not by the facts of life, but by the way those facts were presented. My parents had already had plenty of discussions with me about the birds and bees stuff. I figured I knew just about all a fifteen-year-old should need to know.' 'I've never seen pornography before,' Catherine admitted. 'But this film was worse than what I could have ever imagined hard-core pornography to be.' The film was extremely explicit. An unashamedly brash couple fondled each other in preparation for intercourse. At appropriate prurient moments of interest, the camera zoomed in for close-up shots--sweaty body parts rubbing, caressing, kissing, stroking, clasping, petting, and embracing. At the height of passion, the camera fixed on the woman's hands, trembling with ecstasy, as she tore open a condom package and began to slowly unroll its contents onto her partner. 'I wanted to look away or cover my eyes, but I couldn't,' Catherine said. 'I just stared at the screen--in horror.' When the lights came back on, the entire class was visibly shaken. With eyes as wide as saucers, the youngsters sat speechless and amazed.

 

But their guest was entirely unperturbed. 'She began to tell us that everything that we'd just seen was totally normal and totally good,' Catherine remembered. 'She said that the couple obviously had a caring, loving, and responsible relationship--because they took proper precautions against conception and disease.' {That's proof?} At that, the speaker passed several packages of condoms around the room--one for each of the Girls. She instructed the boys to hold up a finger so that the girls could practice contraceptive application. Already shell-shocked, the students did as they were told. Afterwards, several of the girls began quietly sobbing, another ran out of the room and threw up, still another fainted. Mercifully, the class ended just a moment later.'"

 

"'I have never been more humiliated in all my life,' Catherine said. 'I felt dirty and defiled after seeing the film. But then, when I had to put that thing on Billy's finger--well, that was just awful. It was horrible. It was like I'd been raped. Raped in my mind. Raped by my school. Raped by Planned Parenthood. I think I was--that we all have been--betrayed."5

 

Pages 119 - 120:

 

The Shocking Betrayal

 

"Planned Parenthood-style sex education is shocking. It seems to be designed to break down sexual inhibitions, invalidate sexual taboos, and undermine sexual values. It is almost as if it purposefully betrays parental and community trust, inciting youngsters to an emotional and sensual frenzy.6

 

"The idea, according to Values Clarification pioneer Sidney Simon, is to stop parents and teachers from defining for children 'their emotional and sexual identities', and to keep them from 'fostering the immorality of morality.'"7 {Question: How does this reduce teen pregnancies?}

 

Spawned out of the psycho-sexual morass, . . . Planned Parenthood's education programs and materials are brazenly perverse. They are frequently accentuated with crudely obscene four-letter words8 and illustrated by explicitly ribald nudity.9 They openly endorse aberrant behavior-- homosexuality, masturbation, fornication, incest, and even bestiality--and then they describe that behavior in excruciating detail.10 {How does this curriculum encourage abstinence? How does this control AIDS?} 'Our goal,' one Planned Parenthood staffer wrote, 'is to be ready as educators and parents to help young people obtain sex satisfaction before marriage. By sanctioning sex before marriage, we will prevent fear and guilt.'11 {This is way beyond kids will have sex anyway.  This is indoctrination TO have sex!}

 

Page F122 - 123: "Walt Maxwell was a teen trainee in a Peer Facilitator program sponsored by Planned Parenthood in Northern Virginia. 'I only lasted a week in the program,' he told me 'I just couldn't handle it. Watching porno films and talking dirty is not exactly my idea of a healthy extra-curricular activity.' After he dropped out of the program, he was called in to talk to his school counselor and two assistant principals. 'They wanted to know why I had such a bad attitude about the class, and why I was being so uncooperative. I told them that I thought the whole program was disgusting. They just looked at me like I was from another planet or something.' . . . In one Sensitivity Training program, the 'teacher-change agent' is instructed to divide students into small groups, giving each an envelope containing cards with topics to be discussed: 'Virginity, Oral-Genital Sex, Intercourse, Masturbation, Sterility, Group Sex, Homosexuality, Extra-Marital Relations, Abortion, and Nudity--with acquaintances, with family, with the opposite sex, with the same sex, and with close friends.'12 The students are 'to identify and express their present attitudes and feelings about these matters and to practice active listening and honest self-disclosure.'13 Once this 'self-disclosure' process is complete, the group is to 'bring consensus by winning over other members.'14 Those members of the group who refuse to change 'are considered non-conformists or deviants.'"15 {This is a Planned Parenthood course. Planned Parenthood sells contraceptives and does more abortions than anyone. Does this course provide clients to Planned Parenthood?}

 

Page 122 - 123: {This is Life Research Institute condensing and paraphrasing Grant}: Planned Parenthood also has a "Role Playing" program, a psycho-therapeutic technique used to change personalities. In one example of their role-playing, students are asked to act-out having a discussion with a homosexual. At the conclusion they are to come to a conclusion of what should be the most constructive result of the scene. {We have already seen that to Planned Parenthood, to be constructive is not the same thing as to be moral.}

 

Page 125: "And what Fantasies and decisions are the curriculums facilitating? One government-sponsored program used widely by Planned Parenthood educators told teens that they could have fantasies which involved "sexual feelings about people of the same or opposite sex, parents, brothers and sisters, old people, animals, nature, inanimate objects, and almost anything you can imagine. It is unusual for a person not to have some strange sexual fantasies."16 {Question: This material displaced traditional education, but how does it prepare children for the Scholastic Aptitude Test so that they will be admitted into college?}

 

"Carrie Lipscombe and Laura Gibbs participated in a Positive Imaging exercise in a Planned Parenthood-sponsored class at their neighborhood YWCA. 'The teacher told us to close our eyes,' Carrie remembered. 'We were to imagine ourselves standing on the end of a diving board.' 'She went into a lot of detail, helping us to imagine the crystal-clear water, the bright blue sky, and the warm, dry sunshine on our skin,' Laura said. 'She asked us to feel ourselves bouncing off the board and splashing into the cool, refreshing pool.' 'Then she told us that that feeling was very much like an orgasm,' Carrie said. 'After that, we were supposed to imagine all kinds of situations where we could relive that feeling of going off the diving board sexually.' 'I was pretty shook up by that,' admitted Laura. 'Me, too:' Carrie said. 'The whole deal was pretty manipulative. I didn't like it. Not a bit.' The objectionable feature of these programs now being promoted by Planned Parenthood,' says economist and social analyst Jacqueline Kasun, 'is not that they teach sex, but that they do it so badly, replacing good biological educating with ten to twelve years of compulsory consciousness raising and psycho-sexual therapy, and using the public schools to advance their own peculiar worldview."17 {Question: How does being good in bed qualify a girl to get a high-paying job?  (Don't answer that.)}

 

Page 131: "'Now, though, according to Planned Parenthood's Newspeak, morality is an 'outdated' and 'judgmental' value system rooted in 'fear,' 'prejudice,' and 'ignorance.'"18

 

Pages 131 - 134: "Lucy Lommers, Deborah Sullivan, Sarah Bakker, and Jackie Landry were all chosen to participate in a unique educational experiment at their school in the nation's capitol. Sponsored by Planned Parenthood, the 'Peer Education in Humane Sexuality' program was designed to train teens to become 'peer facilitators' and 'responsible information givers.'19 'The idea,' Lucy told me, 'was to take a few of us and really teach us everything that a sex education teacher knows. All the techniques, all the methods, all the ideas, all the strategies: we got all of it. And then we were supposed to lead group discussions with our friends so that we could influence them.'" {Remember the LRI claim that Planned Parenthood was heavily involved with peer pressure. Questions: Why is it necessary to pressure children into having sex? Does this reduce teen pregnancies, births,  and abortions? Why not leave them alone? Or why not teach abstinence? How many girls get pregnant from abstaining?}

 

"'The training was mostly just discussion between ourselves,' Sarah said. 'And they were usually pretty wild discussions.' 'Wild is right.' Jackie interjected. 'Yea, see, the Planned Parenthood counselors who worked with us would open up a topic and get us to share our personal experiences and feelings about it,' Deborah explained. 'Sometimes we'd see a film--man, were they ever explicit--and then we'd talk about our reactions.  "I always felt a tremendous amount of pressure in those sessions . . . I thought that maybe I was the only one in the group that wasn't hopping into the sack with some guy every weekend. Listening to the stories my friends started telling made me wonder if I really them knew at all. And if I really fit in with them.' 'Course, what none of us realized at the time,' Lucy said, 'was that we were all feeling the same things. We were just too scared to admit it. I mean, who wants to come right out and say that they're really not all that keen on sex! That's just not normal. Nobody wants people to think that they've got some sort of weird hang-ups or that they're some sorta prude.' 'So we all just lied,' Sarah said. 'We made up all these kinky stories about wild sex parties and stuff.' 'Well,' admitted Lucy, 'we didn't just lie. We also started fooling around some. I got on birth control. Most of us did. But we were doing it mostly to be normal and accepted.' 'And to live up to the reputations we were creating for ourselves in the training session,' added Sarah. 'Yea, that, too,' Deborah piped in. 'The thing was, the dirtier our discussions got, the more bizarre our stories were, the better the Planned Parenthood counselors seemed to like it,' Jackie said. 'I know! Isn't it weird?' Lucy said. 'They would say stuff like, 'Now we're really getting somewhere,' or 'It's very important to be able to communicate like this.' I'd always think to myself, Yea. Right. What a pile of crock. But then, of course, I wouldn't say anything.' 'The whole mess began to fall apart, though, when one of the other girls in our group got pregnant and had to have an abortion,' Deborah said. 'She was probably the quietest person in the program,' Lucy explained. 'Real pretty. Got great grades. But she kinda just kept to herself. Tina was her name. Anyway, she was on the Pill. She told me that she was pretty freaked out that she could do something as radical as take birth control without her parents ever finding out. I mean, we have to call home and get permission to get an aspirin from the school nurse, but we can get an IUD, or birth control pills, or even an abortion, without anybody knowing about it. The counselor then went into this long lecture about how important it is to get all your feelings out, to communicate, to be honest--you know, all that psycho-therapy stuff. Well, before any of us knew what was happening, Tina just went berserk.' 'Yea, she started screaming and crying and throwing stuff around,' Jackie said. 'She said that the 'peer' training project had pushed her into sex, filled her mind with all sorts of obscene ideas, and then forced her into an abortion,' Deborah remembered, 'She said she'd learned everything except the right things and that she hated what she'd become.' 'After a while, `she was just sobbing uncontrollably,' Lucy said. 'And none of us knew what to do.' 'I think we were all pretty confused,' agreed Jackie. 'And, what was worse, for me anyway,' Sarah said, 'was that I knew she was right. We'd been sold a bill of goods. None of us wanted to learn all that stuff about lesbianism and masturbation and orgies and abortion and birth control and kinky fetishes and stuff. And the things we did need to know we never even talked about--things like a baby's development, guilt, venereal diseases, the health hazards of birth control, alternatives to abortion, PMS, and depression. None of that.' 'After a minute or two, Tina left,' Jackie continued with the story. 'We were pretty stunned. But one of the Planned Parenthood counselors, well, she just started rattling on about how good it was that Tina was 'able to ventilate her frustrations,' and how the group was 'obviously growing in honesty toward one another,' and all that stuff.'

 

"That night, Tina committed suicide,"  Lucy concluded. The girls were all quiet now. Heads bowed in sadness and shame. 'When that happened, we all got together,' Deborah said finally, 'without anybody from Planned Parenthood to look over our shoulders. And we just talked.' 'And cried,' added Lucy. 'For all that hype about honesty Jackie admitted, 'that was the first time we actually were honest.' After another long pause, Deborah noted, 'I think we learned a lot of lessons out of this, but two really kinda stand out. First, Planned Parenthood was trying to force us to learn about--and think about, talk about, and experiment about--things none of us wanted to. And, second, Planned Parenthood skipped over the stuff that we did want--and need to know.' 'Yea, the whole deal was really backwards, wasn't it?' Lucy said. 'I'm just glad it's over, and I'm glad that I'm out of it--that we're all out of it,' Deborah sighed. 'Really!' the other girls nodded. 'Really!' According to Planned Parenthood's own national survey, conducted by the Louis Harris pollsters, most teens agree with Lucy, Deborah, Sarah, and Jackie.20 More than eighty-seven percent said that they did not want comprehensive sexuality services in their schools.21 Sixty percent said they didn't even want such services near their schools.22 Only twenty-eight percent of the teens had actually become involved in sexual activities,23 but ninety percent of those admitted that they had become promiscuous simply because of a perceived peer pressure.24 Nearly eighty percent of them felt that they had been drawn into sexual activity far too soon.25 The teens in the poll admitted that their comprehensive sex education courses had affected their behavior. There was a fifty percent higher rate of sexual activity for them after the classes.26 Sadly, their understanding of the consequences of such activity was not correspondingly enhanced.

 

From Randy Engle, Sex Education, The Final Plague (Gaithersburg, MD: Human Life International, 1989).

 

Page 4: "Unfortunately, it doesn't occur to these . . . to ask themselves why it takes 13 years of classroom instruction, 45 hours of additional teacher training, and thousands of dollars in selected text books and visual aids to convey such uncomplicated and straightforward biological facts."

 

From Eugene F. Diamond, M.D., "Teaching Sex to Children," Columbia, June 1981, 35. (Dr. Diamond is a Christian-type sex expert.)

 

"There is almost a total lack of scientific evidence or statistical data to justify the inclusion of sex education in a school curriculum. Most children in the world will learn about sex from a peer group or a slightly older child."

 

From Human Life Center, "Planned Parenthood Advocates Permissive Sex," Human Life Issues, April 1983

 

Page 1: A description/complaint of a Planned Parenthood endorsed promiscuity-education program: ". . .homosexuality was presented as an acceptable option, and having an abortion sounded like a positive experience." {How does this decrease the pregnancy and abortion rates?}

 

From Christian Defense League "Sex Education: the Assault on Christian Morals," undated

 

Page 4: Mary Calderone, founder and executive director of SIECUS said to adolescent boys at Blair Academy, "'What is sex for? It's for fun, that I know, for wonderful sensations . . . . Sex is not something you turn off like a faucet. If you do, it's unhealthy . . .'

 

'We need new values to establish when and how we should have sexual experiences . . . You are moving beyond your parents. But you can't just move economically or educationally. You must move sexually, as well. You must learn how to use sex. This is it: first, to separate yourselves from your parents; second, to establish a male or female role; third, to determine value systems. . . .  {That is,   1) It's not to be value free.   2) They would establish when and how we should have sex, not if.   3) Go beyond your parents' teaching.   4) Use sex.   5) Separate from parents.  6) Establish your sexual orientation/disorientation.   7) Decide if you are to ignore God.}

 

Nobody from up on high determines this. You determine it.'"27 {No God; no parents} {How does this encourage children to respect their parents? How does it encourage them to obey them?} "Thus, SIECUS teaches that there are no standards of right and wrong, and children must not let parents teach them about sex."

 

Page 5: "In elementary grades, teachers have had children model male and female genitals in clay."28

 

{A brief LRI comment is in order about language.  Advocates of Promiscuity Education state that their programs are value free.  They attempt to prove this through quoting examples of text.  Since their carefully selected text reads like mere factual information, such as found two paragraphs below, this appears to be proof.  However, the material, especially when combined with texts of recommended activity, provides ideas for the children to try.  One examples is sodomy.  Furthermore, we have already seen and will continue to see much material which directly shows that their programs are far from value free.}

 

From Douglas R. Scott, Inside Planned Parenthood, (Grand Rapid, MI: Frontlines Publishing, 1990):

 

Page 27: "Sex facts, a Planned Parenthood publication, says in part, 'The anus (the hole for making bowel movements. . .) is one sensitive part of the body. Couples sometimes enjoy touching each other's anus. Anal intercourse means that the penis is inserted into the anus. Sometimes this is pleasurable for the partners. Sometimes the anus is uncomfortable and the partner's may choose not to include this activity in their sex play. Since the anus may hurt during anal intercourse, the inserting partner must use care in attempting this. As with all sex relations, the couples can discuss their likes and dislikes and make choices.'"29

 

Page 29: {Similarly in The New Our Bodies, Ourselves book, Scott says} "The book continues by saying that prostitutes are 'sisters' and they need the 'alliance' of women." {How does this discourage promiscuity?}

 

Pages 35 - 37: {Though Planned Parenthood failed to get this Safety Dance program implemented in schools, this description of this sexually deviate program serves to illustrate the extraordinary perversions of Planned Parenthood Promiscuity Educators specifically, and of this nation's Promiscuity Educators in general.}

 

"Planned Parenthood is the primary educator of those who teach children about sexual matters. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England, in cooperation with the Vermont Department of Education, scheduled, 'A Conference on Family Life Education: Are We Prepared?' The conference was designed to educate 'school administrators and school board members; home economics, health, physical education and science teachers; guidance counselors; mental health counselors; librarians and resource coordinators; sexuality and family life educators; youth and recreational leaders; parent-child staff.'"30 "The 'Safety Dance: A Safer Sex Dance Party," has a target audience of 'high school, college and adult audiences'. A description and outline of the dance is available. One part of the dance includes 'Puttin' on the Condom.'"31

 

{Planned Parenthood, describing this part}: "During the course of the evening each person receives and wears a nametag depicting a different step in condom use. During this activity, participants arrange themselves in a line (or a circle) according to how they think a condom is used (if there are a large number of participants, have several groups perform the activity at the same time and compare results!) After the line is formed, have the participants read off their tags in order. Acting out the steps can increase the fun of this activity. The nametags are labeled as follows: Physical attraction, think about having sex, talk about having sex, decide to use a condom, pool money, go to a condom store, decide what kind to buy, take box off rack, pay cashier, decide where to store them, meet your lover, decide to have sex {not whether to!!!}, need to use a condom, open package, penis hard?, place condom on penis, fall in love {falling in love occurs at the point of putting a condom on a penis}, leave space at tip, roll condom down penis, enough lubrication?, if no use KY jelly . . . or more foreplay, intercourse, ejaculation, hold on the rim of the condom, withdraw penis, remove condom, loss of erection, decide where to throw condom away, trash it, wash penis, relax, feel good?, partner have an orgasm?"

 

"Another suggestion for the 'Safety Dance' includes, 'Demonstrations of fun and unusual condoms [from Amsterdam, etc.] and condom use by placing human-sized condom over a volunteer's body. One activity is called the 'Safer Sex Continuum activity'. This activity involves taping placards to a wall listing different forms of sexual activity. Sexual activity listed includes oral sex, anal intercourse, the use of sex toys, rimming {anus licking}, phone sex, and looking at erotic films and magazines. About 30 other sexual activities are listed. Participants are asked to rank the placards from least risky to most risky for becoming infected with the AIDS virus. As noted previously, educators were urged to assign the dance to students as homework."32 {Statistics show that most teen pregnancies begin in the teens' own homes when the parents are gone. How do these activities decrease teen pregnancies?}

 

"It is recommended that the 'Safety Dance' include a 'condom relay race'. This event is described as, 'A fun, 'competitive' activity enabling participants to become comfortable handling condoms'. The relay requires two props: one condom per participant and several firm (not ripe) bananas. The players are expected to open the package and roll the condom onto the banana. Another player rolls the condom off. This process is repeated until all players have participated. The 'Safety Dance' concluded following the breaking of a 'condom pinada' at midnight."33 {Then what? The kids rush home to abstain?}

 

Page 38: Writing of Jo Ann Gasper, former deputy assistant secretary for population affairs with the Department of Health and Human Services, author Scott says "Gasper provides some examples of Planned Parenthood's teaching methods. These include having young students handle 'life-size models of male and female genitalia'. In another exercise, 'a girl fits a condom over two fingers of a boy.'34 In addition to these 'exercises,' students are taken on field trips." {Scott says one field trip is to a drug store.}

 

{Which of the above activities promotes abstinence? Which of the above activities even hints that abstinence is a way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy? Which of the above doesn't encourage sexual intercourse?}

 

{Planned Parenthood's alleged goals are to reduce teen pregnancies and abortions. Isn't the above explicitly and precisely counterproductive to those goals? Why trust the organization which is the cause of the problem to be the solution?}

 

Page 44: {Regarding boys and girls having sex before marriage, Planned Parenthood's Boys and Sex says} "it's like taking a car out on a test run before you buy it."35

 

Page 47: "Several students interviewed for the Focus on the Family report said that abstinence played little or no part in the Planned Parenthood presentation. One female student said Planned Parenthood 'made me feel like I was a nerd or I was not cool because I decided not to have sex. They made it sound like everyone, everybody's doing it and you're going to do it soon enough.'36 A male student said that he had 'never heard them say anything about abstinence . . '. Another male student was critical of the nature in which the presentation was made.

 

'You know, it did bother me when they said that, you know, your parents won't understand and stuff and that you can come there and get an abortion and nobody will ever even know about it. They just kind of made it, you know, like a statement like, like you can go get a wart removed or something.'37" {Planned Parenthood is fond of saying that they encourage parental participation. It looks like they're lying.}

 

From Douglas R. Scott, Bad Choices, (Franklin, TN: Legacy Communications, 1992):

 

Page 55: Planned Parenthood recommends the book, Our Bodies, Ourselves. This book argues that sexual fantasies are healthy, and gives the following example of a "healthy" fantasy of a girl: "I fantasize making love with horses, because they are very sensuous animals, more so than cows or pigs. They are also very male animals--horse society is very chauvinist."38

 

Page 55: Scott says of Our Bodies, Ourselves, "Much of the book is too crude to quote. Slang is used to describe sexual acts and organs. There are illustrations, with descriptions, of a nude couple in various sexual positions."39

 

Page 56: Scott, quoting The New Our Bodies, Ourselves, shows how this Planned Parenthood recommended book suggests that heterosexuals consider lesbianism: "Compulsory heterosexuality may make us feel desperate when we're not with a man, and cause {???????????} us to jump into the arms of men who are available but not good for us. It means we never have a chance to make a real choice, to ask ourselves whether we would be happier with a man, a woman or alone.40  {How does this help the U.S compete on a global basis?}

 

Page 100: The following is quoted from a parent who attended a Planned Parenthood promiscuity class at Big Sky High School in Missoula, Montana: "I thought the implication was, is that sex is nothing to be taken real seriously. It's there because it's fun and everybody should take advantage of it and enjoy it and even if you're just 14-years-old you have every right to be sexually active, regardless of what your parents tell you, and Planned Parenthood is there to make sure that you have everything you need to be successful at sex.41

 

From "Official Transcript of Proceedings before the U.S. Department of Education for The Hatch Amendment," quoted in Phylis Schlafly, ed., Child Abuse in the Classroom, (Westchester, IL: Crossway Books, 1984).

 

Page 85: A minister testifies, "In my son's 5th grade Health class, all questions were answered without regard to a moral right or wrong. Homosexuality was presented as an alternative lifestyle. Sexual activity among 5th graders was not discouraged, since it was feared that the students might be embarrassed and not ask additional questions.

 

 

 

 [for 5th graders] "The morality that was taught in the classroom that day was complete promiscuity."

 

 

 

I was present when a plastic model of female genitalia with a tampon insert was passed around to the boys so they might understand how tampons fit. Birth control pills were also passed around and explained. Anal intercourse was described. At no time was there any mention of abstinence as a desirable alternative for 5th graders. The morality that was taught in the classroom that day was complete promiscuity.

 

As a result of this kind of education without morality, we are experiencing pregnancy among 13-year-olds with resulting abortions. Our district's answer to pregnancies among young people, too young to raise and support their children, is to supply more information on birth control and abortions."

 

Page 86: "In Mental Health next year, he will be required to complete the sentence: 'In my value system the ideal age to start having intercourse is _________.' Age is not the question in the traditional moral Christian system--marriage is the criterion."

 

Page 119: Theresa Bak provides what she said "is a sample of the remarks which permeate the filmstrips and films shown to our youth: 'Sex outside of marriage is now socially acceptable. {This endorses it.} No longer a single moral code {God's code} is acceptable. What is right for you is objective for you. You determine your own value, what parents did may or may not work for you. Decisions are yours.'"

 

Pages 146 - 148: Barbara Powell said, "The following quotation is a suggested assignment for junior and senior high students throughout the State of Michigan:

 

"First ask the students to relax, feel comfortable and close their eyes. Then ask them to fantasize and design a form of birth control that they would enjoy using. {Since only abstinence is 100% effective in controlling conception, how does this program reduce teen pregnancies?} If possible, they should include in their design how the contraceptive would work to prevent pregnancy, but this is not necessary.

 

Next, ask students to share the designs out loud, noting differences and good ideas. The various designs may elicit much laughter." {which will remove inhibitions}

 

She continues by quoting from a federally-funded sex manual: "'Vocabulary Brainstorming:

 

(a) Divide the class into groups of five or six. Select one word or phrase and then have each group list as many synonyms as it can in three to five minutes. Use words such as penis, vagina, intercourse, breast.

 

(b) Now, rearrange the class in couples and ask that they engage in a conversation for three minutes, trying to use as many of the words on the list as possible.' {Note: "in couples." Now what are the children going to say? "Now that I'm turned on, let's not meet at your place after school? Statistics show that most teen pregnancies begin in the teens' own homes when the parents are gone.}

 

We don't need federal funding to teach gutter-level language in the schools of Michigan."

 

Page 155: John Tomicki said, "One film was going to be used in the 7th grade in my local school district; it was to study 'How Life Begins.' That was the name of the film. It was subtitled 'The Male Reproduction System.' The first words were--we are going to study now how life begins. Guess what was on the picture? Guess what is being displayed? It was a young boy and a young girl in the front seat of a convertible . . . in an embrace. Now, that was the message sent to those children: This is how life begins, in a front seat of a convertible."

 

Page 156 - 157: Bryan Staff said, "I have in my written testimony 'Are You Ready For Sex?' taken from the sex education curriculum at Manistee Junior High School in Manistee, Michigan. These questions are asked to 8th graders:

 

'One: Do you know why your parents and/or religion have taught that intercourse should wait until marriage? Do you accept these ideas? If so, then would you be creating a lot of inner turmoil to go against your own beliefs? {I.e., throw God away. Go with your feelings." Now let's change the subject to murder, including abortion. "Throw God away. Go with your feelings. ???}

 

Two: If you do not accept the beliefs you are taught, is it only at the intellectual level; Do you feel really comfortable and firm in your own beliefs? Try to imagine how you would feel about losing your virginity. Would it make you feel less valuable, less lovable, less good? If so, it is a bad bargain. . .

 

Ten: Do you have the opportunity for uninterrupted privacy, free from fear of being heard or intruded upon?'" {to engage in sexual abstinence?}

 

Page 159 - 162: This is the testimony of Kay Fredeneck about East Detroit High's two courses: 7140 Health and 1160 Composition, both for 10th grade.

 

"Another publication used in 7140 Health is entitled, Sexual Intercourse, author, Curriculum Innovations, Inc. It is, in effect, a 'do it yourself' manual. The student is taken through foreplay, erections, when to have intercourse, positions for intercourse, orgasm and how to act responsibly in regard to the needs and feelings of the partner. . . . {responsible to needs of partner, not responsible for their own actions, for morality, for the baby's life they begin, and for the baby's excruciatingly painful death by abortion.}

 

Based on the publication entitled, A Glossary of Sexual Terms, author Curriculum Innovations, Inc. chastity is defined as: 'An old-fashioned word that means avoiding thoughts or acts resulting in intercourse. . . . {Then God is an old-fashioned word.} {How does this reduce teen pregnancy?}

 

On page 77 of the text {this is the composition course, not the specifically sex ed course} is explained how to organize a paragraph and specifically how to organize an argument. Here is the text example: 'Playboy should be sold on campus because -- '" {Three choices are given. None are "Playboy shouldn't be sold on campus."}

 

Page 210: Robert Griggs testifies about a film shown to a mixed class of 6th graders: "The nurse asked to show a 6th grade movie about vitamins. I consented, supposing it was a nine- or ten- minute movie. The first three minutes of the footage was the actual birth of a baby. It started out with a lady [?] with her legs up and apart, and her feet in stirrups or something like that, with a doctor. It was very graphic and very detailed."

 

Page 215: "There were four very primitive films, and one was in such poor taste. Out of six minutes, there were three minutes of a spread crotch shot of a man exposing his business--private business."

 

Page 258: Testimony of Jayne Schindler: "I don't know if you are familiar with the book, Show Me, which is in many school libraries. This book cannot be sold in a porno shop in Colorado because it would violate the child pornography laws, but it can be put in our public schools and libraries. . . . When I asked one principal why he allowed books with such bad language, he replied, 'Some kids talk that way at home and we need to make them feel accepted.'" Page 409: Testimony of Phylis Schlafly re New York City Board of Education's Sex Education Program (SEP): "SEP forces explicit discussions of sexuality and genitalia on little children at the kindergarten and primary grade levels." (p.30)

 

"A persistent undercurrent of SEP is its attempt to teach pupils to be tolerant of homosexuals. 'Experimental sex play' with persons of the same sex is described as 'not unusual' among 5th and 6th grade children." (p. 63) "'Homosexual experimentation' is described as normal behavior of 14-16 -year olds." (p. 19) {Yet polls show only 1.4% of men are homos.} SEP states that 'most child molesters are heterosexual males and not homosexuals.'" {So what! There aren't many homos!}

 

Page 110: "Incidentally, sex and nuclear war are the only two subjects which are taught K-12 {kindergarten through 12th grade inclusive}. No other subject is taught for the entire 13 years of pre-college school­ing--not English, math, science, or history. {How does 13 years of Promiscuity Education prepare children for college?}

 

Page 430: Testimony of Jacqueline Lawrence: "A drama group, specifically trained with federal funds, was invited to the schools to perform a social-drama for grades 2 through 6. The group put on a skit during which a stranger came to town to announce that God is dead. Immediately all the actors on the stage began using obscene gestures, doing obscene things, and saying obscene words. When the play was over the students went to recess and mimicked the actors' actions and words." {How does this reduce sexually-transmitted diseases?}

 

From Robert G. Marshall and Charles A. Donovan, Blessed are the Barren, (San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1991)

 

{To condense printout, LRI has combined some short paragraphs into one paragraph}: {p. 81. 1977 or 1978 Planned Parenthood (of Alameda) model school guide for leaders}: "The rubber usually attracts a lot of giggles and the teens like to experiment with the {contraceptive} foam. . . . " {p. 99. Sol Gordon's Institute for Family Research and Education's TEN HEAVY FACTS ABOUT SEX}: "there is nothing wrong with any kind of sex . . . " {p. 99. Ten Heavy again}: "pornography is harmless. . . . " {p. 103. Institute for Family Research and Education}: "there are various open marriages, swinging--from recreational to utopian--group marriage . . . . " {p. 108. Elizabeth Canfield, author for Sol Gordon and birth-control counselor, at work­shop at Syracuse University}: "There are as many ways of being normal as there are of being abnormal; all these labels--who's to say? . . . " {From page 112. Sol Gordon, 6/20/77, speaking to American Library Association}: "If I walk down the street and I see a pretty girl that captures my fancy, I have sex with her. Now, the girl doesn't know about it {?}, my wife doesn't know about it, and it enhances my walk. I don't want you to think that's my total repertoire, because it isn't. I have all kinds of thoughts about men and women--and animals." {I'm sure you do!}

 

Page 106: "Describing one of their earlier volumes, Honest Sex, the Roys claim that emerging ethical patterns 'will have to be found consistent with the highest Christian values, which lead to 'the expansion of the erotic community' beyond the married pair.'" {The Roys are either mocking God or have never read the Bible!}42

 

Page 311: "I want to say carefully and without elaboration, sex is morally acceptable in any form; hetero, homo, auto, bi or poly . . . . that what makes any sexual act right or wrong is its consequences, because in and of itself sex is neither good nor bad, neither praiseworthy nor blameworthy, and its ethical significance depends upon the values it serves and seeks to realize."43

 

From Melvin Anchell, M.D., A.S.P.P., Killers of Children, a Psychoanalytic Look at Sex Education, American Life League:

 

Page 92 about Planned Parenthood's "Guide and Resource Manual" used in Santa Cruz, CA and available from them at 212 Laurel Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95060 for $20: "The final topic in the 'Sexuality and Values' section---a section that is supposed to somehow give young people better values than established ones---is Homosexuality. Homosexuality is taught as a normal variation, i.e., a normal lifestyle. The manuals advise sex teachers to bring homosexuals directly into the classroom to give students first hand information about how homosexuals conduct themselves sexually. Students are taught that the homosexual's oral-genital sex acts, his oral-anal acts, his self and mutual masturbation, etc., are normal and benefi­cial. The only prerequisite for engaging in homosexual-lesbian sex acts---students are taught---is that one enjoy them." {This program, apparently, is supposed to teach them to enjoy them.}

 

Page 95: "There is one main overriding theme in today's school sex programs---and that theme is carnality. School sex teachings are essentially 'how to' courses that condone and teach fornication along with all forms of perverted sex acts."

 

Pages 153 - 163: {This is a glimpse of Planned Parenthood's "Family Life Education Curriculum K-12" of Northern New England (created by Sal Wiggin). The page numbers LRI uses are page numbers from the Planned Parenthood document.}

 

"Grade 8 . . . . P. 20-21: Student is to identify: when in one's life contraception may be appropriate for him or her; discuss and clarify myths about contraception, and list five methods of contraception and how to obtain each one."

 

"Interpersonal relationships--Grades 9-12, P. 15 & 19: Shown Filmstrip 'Four Sequences' Same Sex Relationship Sequence: Some of the frames of the film are. . . Close up of adult males with arms around each other. Close up of young adult girls kissing. Girls nude bathing together. Girls comparing breast size. Nude boys relaxing on patio. teenage boys reading Playboy. Adult males in shower. Close ups of Adult Males kissing." {How does this prevent AIDS?}

 

P. 15: "The purpose of this exercise is to illustrate that touch, affection and intimacy between members of the same sex are natural aspects of important learning experiences for those involved." "Student is to think of one's best friend of the same sex and to imagine that on the given sheet that the printed drawings are of their best friend. They are then to "shade in the parts of the friend's body they would feel comfortable touching, depending whether they were in a public or private setting."

 

P. 17: "It is important for adults to be aware that the normal pattern of psychosexual development for children and young people moves from solitary masturbatory behavior to masturbation with one or two friends of the same sex to exploratory sexual behavior with them." From Assembly, State of California, Conference on the Preservation of the Family: Summary of the 1988 Public Hearings on the Family,

 

Page 266: {This is a part of a tenth-grade sexuality education program. It was invented by Education Training Research Associates, which is often just as pornographic as Planned Parenthood and SIECUS.}

 

"Shopping Information Form (Optional Homework Assignment)

 

1. Name of Store_______________

 

2. What contraceptive products are sold here? (List 3 kinds of condoms, 1 kind of foam and 1 kind of sponge, their prices for each product. {No mention that only abstinence is 100% effective against sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy. Per former U.S. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop, three million teens get an STD yearly. Ref: Kim Painter of the liberal USA Today, April 13, 1992.}

 

3. How comfortable would you be buying contraception here? very comfortable? fairly comfortable? somewhat comfortable? very uncomfortable?

 

4. Would you recommend that a friend buy contraception here? Yes or no. {No mention of marriage.}

 

5. What are the store hours of business?

 

Clinic Visit (Homework Assignment)

 

(In class 8, students locate birth control clinics in their area and make plans for visiting one to get information about birth control.)" {Question: How does this help them to be able to go to a store and properly fill out a job application?}

 

From "You've Changed the Combination," Planned Parenthood of the Rocky Mountains:

 

Page 9: "Sex is best between friends." {No mention of marriage.}

 

Page 10: "There are only two basic kinds of sex: sex with victims and sex without. Sex with victims is always wrong. Sex without is always right." {A half truth: They don't know if there will be a victim due to disease; they don't know if there will be a victim due to pregnancy. They don't know if there will be a victim due to adultery. They don't say that there will be at least one victim if there is an abortion.}

 

{Twenty-four published statistical studies prove that abortion approximately doubles the breast cancer rate of aborters and that the type of breast cancer contracted is deadlier. (The cancer is apparently caused by unnatural interruption of hormonal changes.)

 

{SINCE BREAST CANCER IS A VERY LARGE KILLER OF WOMEN IN THE UNITED STATES, EVEN A VERY SMALL PERCENT INCREASE IN BREAST CANCER DUE TO ABORTION KILLS THOUSANDS OF WOMEN ANNUALLY!}

 

Page 18: "Don't lie to yourself. Decide honestly what you want from your relationships with women. Do you want a convenient warm body? buy one. That's right. There are women who have freely chosen that business, buy one. . . Do you want a virgin to marry? Buy one. There are girls in that business, too. Marriage is the price you'll pay, and you'll get the virgin. Very temporarily."

 

From Richard Glasow and Mrs. Glasow, "An Expose on PP's Three-lane Road to the Brave New World." At publication, Richard Glasow worked at National Right to Life Committee, Inc., 419 7th St., NW, Washington, DC 20004:

 

Page 3: "One film, 'About Sex,' produced by Sol Gordon and available at PP clinics, has been strongly criticized by the Arizona House Interim Committee on Obscenity as 'blatantly offensive' and possibly in violation of state laws about obscenity and contributing to the delinquency of minors. The committee stated that the portions of the film depicting '. . . the nude couple engaged in the sex act, the nude woman in a suggestive, reclining position, and the nude go-go dancer would appeal to the prurient interest of minors.' The committee also denounced the 'use of gutter language throughout the film.' this film has been shown in schools in PA and vividly illustrates PP's philosophy of sex education, which is 'if it feels good, do it.' The narrator encourages masturbation, abortion, and contraception use by unmarried teens"44{How does this discourage abortion.  How does it promote adequate earning power for later life?}

 

Page 3: "[Sol Gordon] also wrote a pamphlet for teenagers entitled TEN HEAVY FACTS ABOUT SEX that encourages acceptance of homosexuality and suggests that sodomy, bisexuality and masturbation are natural and completely acceptable."45

 

From "What does PP say to Educators, Parents and Supporters?" American Life League:

 

"Sex is fun, and joyful, and courting is fun, and joyful, and it comes in all types and styles, all of which are OK. Do what gives pleasure and enjoy what gives pleasure and ask for what gives pleasure. Don't rob yourself of joy by focusing on old-fashioned ideas about what's 'normal' or 'nice'."46

 

{By teaching promiscuity, a very clear message is being sent: Adult authorities don't want abstinence for kids, they want them to screw.}

 

"Sex is too important to glop up with sentiment."47

 

"If you're not supposed to go after a girl for sex, what are you supposed to do?"48 {Well now let me think. Treat her like a human being? Treat her like a friend?}

 

"A lot of people wonder about oral and anal sex (mouth to penis, vagina or anus; or penis to anus). Some say that such acts are perverse or degrading. Other people consider them to be a normal part of foreplay or a substitute for intercourse. . . "We say, no one has the right to condemn a person on the basis of that person's manner of sexual expression. . . "49 {Condemning isn't the issue! Disease and perversion are!}

 

From SIECUS: "Homosexuality, heterosexuality, [and] bisexuality are morally neutral."50 "Homosexual love relationships can be as fulfilling as heterosexual relationships."51 "Homosexual couples behave sexually in many of the same ways as heterosexual couples"51

 

From SIECUS: "For many young people, exploring their sexuality with someone of the same gender is a natural part of growing up . . . If you are struggling with questions about your sexual orientation, be sure to speak with a trusted adult and/or gay or lesbian organizations in your area. A lot of people think that some sexual activities are just for heterosexual people, or that others are just for lesbians and gay men. The truth is that all people, regardless of their orientation, may do all these things. The difference is that gay men and lesbians do these activities with people of the same gender as themselves . . . All three of these sexual orientations are part of being human."52

 

From Debra Haffner, SIECUS Executive Director: "I believe that being 'pro-family' means supporting all types of families . . . gay and lesbian families. That support must go beyond simple support for pluralism and diversity. We must demand governmental support for true pro-family policies."53 {SIECUS wants to redefine the family to include homosexuals.}

 

From Lester Kirkendall, a SIECUS founding board member: "[Sex education programs of the future] will probe sexual expression . . . with same-sex [partners] and even across . . . generational lines . . . These patterns will become legitimate."54

 

From Wardell Pomeroy, an original SIECUS board member: "Incest between adults and younger children can prove to be a satisfying and enriching experience."55

 

From Mary Calderone, SIECUS co-founder, "The major effects of [sexual child molestation] are caused not by the event itself but by the outraged, angry, fearful, and shocked reactions of the adults who learn of it."56 "It's not that [pedophilia is] a bad thing or a wicked thing, it just simply should not be part of life in general, right out on the sidewalk."56

 

"SIECUS has incorporated the writings of pedophilia advocates in its journal and recommended reading lists. Works by members of the board of editors for the journal, Paidika, the Journal of Paedophilia, have been featured by SIECUS. Vern Bullough authored the article 'Pee Wee Herman' in the SIECUS Report, vol. 19, no. 6. Two books from Wayne R. Dynes are highlighted in SIECUS's bibliography entitled 'Gay Male and Lesbian Sexuality Issues,' published in the April/May 1991 SIECUS Report. Also recommended in that issue is the Journal of Homosexuality, which is edited by John DeCecco, another Paidika editorial board member."57

 

From SIECUS: "SIECUS supports the use of a variety of explicit visual materials as valuable educational aids, to reduce ignorance and confusion, and to contribute to a wholesome concept of sexuality . . . SIECUS supports the informed use of sexually explicit materials for educational and therapeutic purposes and also affirms adults' right of access to sexually explicit materials for personal use."58

 

From Debra Haffner, SIECUS Executive Director: "What we introduce at the lowest grade levels, kindergarten through 4, is that sometimes women become pregnant and they're unable to care for a child, and that women faced with unintended pregnancies can have a baby, can place a baby for adoption, or have an abortion to end the pregnancy. That's what we think a 5 through 8 year old really needs to know."59

 

From Debra Haffner, SIECUS Executive Director: "A partial list of safe sex practices for teens could include: Talking, Flirting, Dancing, Hugging, Kissing, Necking, Massaging, Caressing, Undressing each other, Masturbation alone, Masturbation in front of a partner, Mutual masturbation. Teens could surely come up with their own list of activities. By helping teens explore the full range of safe sexual behavior, we may help raise a generation of adults that do not equate sex with intercourse, or intercourse with vaginal orgasm, as the goal of sex.60  {However, many of the recommended practices will lead to unsafe sex.}

 

From Debra Haffner, SIECUS Executive Director with emphasis in original: "Well financed radical right organizations are working feverishly to keep our children in the dark about their sexuality and their right to make determinations about their own lives . . . they are VERY DANGEROUS in that they oppose the ideals and concepts that built America."61 {That is, the nation was built upon promiscuity!}

 

From a paraphrase of Sal Wiggin's "Family Life Education Curriculum K-12 of Northern New England," pages 282 & 283:

 

"KINDERGARTEN . . . . P. 5 - Children are asked to outline partner's bodies and verbally label all parts including genitals and buttocks.

 

GRADE 3 . . . P.11 & 12 - Diagrams shown of Male/Female Reproductive Systems. Children are asked to make models of reproductive organs using: Ping Pong Balls, straw, paper cup, yarn and cellophane bag.

 

GRADE 6 . . . P. 12 - 'Dear Diary' movie shown. Question: What was 'the gush feeling down there?' What are some causes of the tingly feelings in the vulva region?' 'Do girls masturbate?'

 

P. 18 - Minimal outline of prenatal development. In third trimester they state 'body proportions are more {more?} human.' 'Fetus can survive . . . if born prematurely.' {They do not state that babies born earlier than third trimester have also survived.}

 

P. 94 - Abortion methods are listed.

 

P. 95 - 'Legal abortion is a relatively safe, uncomplicated procedure. Abortion in the first trimester is 10 times safer than childbirth' {This is NOT true!} . . . Results are quoted from a survey done by a national abortion group indicating that 83% of American voters supported abortion in all or some circumstances." {The voters didn't!}

 

From Jacqueline Kasun, "Slaughter on Main Street" (Clovis, CA: Valley Christian University Press, n.d.):

 

Page 3: "The sex-curriculum guide for elementary schools in my city specifies that children will 'develop an understanding of homosexuality,' 'learn the vocabulary and social fads' relating to it, 'study the theories concerning it,' view films and engage in role playing about homosexuality, and take tests on it."

 

Page 5: "The curriculum guide drawn up for school in Ferndale, California, suggests that high school students work as boy-girl pairs on 'physiology definition sheets' in which they define 'foreplay,' 'erection,' 'ejaculation,' and similar terms. Whether or not students are satisfied with their 'size of sex organs' is suggested as a topic of class discussion in this curriculum." {Grade not specified.} "The teacher of a 'sexuality' class I attended distributed instructions for 'Group Drawing of Female and Male Reproductive Anatomy,' in which high school students are to 'break up into groups of four to six persons, with men and women in each group.' Each group then makes a drawing of the female and male reproductive organs and genitals, including the penis, scrotum, testes, vagina, clitoris, cervix, labia, and other parts. When the groups have finished, the teacher instructs them to check their drawings against accurate ones which she projects on the wall to 'correct them' and to 'talk about inaccuracies.' The instructions for this exercise state that its purpose is 'to provide a relaxed 'non-academic' means of reviewing the basic sexual physiology,' to 'provide a setting in which ignorance about physiology may be revealed without shame,{????????}' and to 'provide an opportunity to work as a group on a task.' . . . The guide instructs the teacher to have students 'discuss how they felt about 'drawing sex organs.'" {How does this promote abstinence? How does it reduce pregnancy and abortion?}

 

From a letter to Beverly LaHaye of Concerned Women for America, P. O. Box 67000, Washington, DC 20035. (A copy is available from Life Research Institute.)

 

Page 2: "This plastic model was used to show the students SEVERAL TIMES how to insert contraceptive sponges. A detailed, explicit discussion was also given concerning the vaginal mucus discharge that all women have and how a woman can tell by her mucus discharge whether or not she is ovulating. The class was told to 'take some of the discharge from the lining of your panties and try to see how sticky it is by working it between your thumb and middle finger. See how far you can stretch it. If it can stretch about an inch or more without breaking, it is called 'spin', and means that you are ovulating, and can get pregnant. During that time, you will want to use a condom, contraceptive sponge, or other method of birth control.'" {In other words, you will screw. This is a given. There is no "if you screw, then you should use . . . .} {Who is going to do these tests in the urgency of the dark back seat of a car?}

 

Page 2: "Kids also told me about 'valentines' Planned Parenthood GIVES to kids. I could hardly believe this, so obtained one myself to show what our tax dollars are paying for. The 'valentine' has a big red heart on the front and says: 'love carefully'. On the inside is a [real] red condom." {The author of this letter then called a Planned Parenthood person about this, and wrote that this person said they offer several colors of condoms and that 'kids think it's just more erotic and fun to do it with colored condoms.' She also said they would soon have some flavored condoms.}

 

From Coalition for Positive Sexuality, Just say Yes  They published two booklets with the above title. Below, the first quote is from one, and the rest are from the other.

 

Page 5: "You could . . . cross dress . . . use cock rigs, nipple clamps, or clothespins on your own or someone else's body . . . play with your own or someone else's ass or vagina, put your fingers, dildoes, vegetables, or buttplugs into them."

 

Page 4: Heterosexuality, bisexuality, and homosexuality are defined. Then booklet says "These types of sexuality are all natural and acceptable. None of them is better or worse than the others."

 

Page 5: "There are lots of safe and fun ways to get off. . . . anal sex,. . . rimming, . . . finger fucking & fisting . . . s/m (sadomasochism, whips, chains, tying people up, and other practices . . ."

 

They define those terms, including:

 

Rimming--anus licking Fisting--putting your fist in someone's vagina or anus

 

{The above, with precautions they list, are touted to be some of the ways of having safe sex. However, precautions fail. Death results. Furthermore, encouraging "safe" sex, is more than encouraging safety, it is encouraging sex.}

 

From a letter to the editor of "The Valley Press," Felton, CA:

 

"I am a student at SLV [San Lorenzo Valley] High. I attended the sex education program put on by Planned Parenthood for our required {note that it is required} health class. In all the controversy that has gone on and all the second and third hand testimonies and opinions that have been given, I would now like to, for everyone, give a first hand account of what went on, one day in particular, in our unmonitored sex education class: The class was begun by an instructor from Planned Parenthood. He first asked abruptly and crudely, "How many of you are having sex right now?" His first five minutes of lecturing dealt with nothing else but the fact that all of us were involved in sex or would be soon! This for me as well as for a lot of other kids in the class was shocking! He then used 25 minutes to--in detail--describe all the contraceptive devices. As for abstinence, it was not presented in the way that Sandy Orwitz, the director of Planned Parenthood stated that it was. Abstinence was listed as ineffective and placed in the bad column on the blackboard. The lecturer never even acknowledged that a few might use abstinence till marriage or until we had reached maturity. The instructor in a big joke placed a diaphragm on his nose again and again. He also blew up a rubber until it was about to pop and let it jet around the room. The instructor described his sexual experience in previous weeks, which can in no way be justified in a public school funded by our parents' taxes. The whole class was presented unprofessionally, crudely, and just plain gross! Through the whole period the grossest overtones were created by every move the unqualified instructor made. . . . We don't need anyone to come in and preach his distorted sexual attitudes at us under the guidelines of public education. I hope that the people of San Lorenzo Valley will not let this program be repeated."

 

From "Sex: A Topic for Conversation with Sol Gordon for Teenagers":

 

"Now listen, this is very important: all thoughts, wishes, sexual arousals are normal. There are no abnormal dreams, wishes, fantasies or sexual arousals. You can have any kind of thought you like." {So it's okay for boys to imagine they're raping the male principal of the school that allowed this into his school.}

 

From "AIDS: AM I AT RISK? A CHECKLIST FOR MODERN LOVERS," (Santa Cruz, CA: Network Publications, 1988):

 

This was promiscuity-education material given to students via the Social Studies Department programs of San Lorenzo High School in Felton, CA:

 

"DO'S & DON'TS FOR MODERN LOVERS: Lower your chances of getting AIDS by practicing safer sex habits with the use of condoms {not abstinence}. The not only offer the best protection against AIDS but they could prevent an unwanted pregnancy as well. You may have to changes some of your sexual practices but it doesn't mean you're doomed to boredom. Here's a chance to put your sexual imagination to work. {Encouragement to have sex}  You'll just have to think of some new and exciting ways to enjoy sex a la rubbers.

 

DO! Use a condom and a nonoxynol-9 spermicide for vaginal sex. {Among other things, this says to have sex.}

 

Use a condom and some kind of lubricant containing nonoxynol-9 for anal sex. {Have anal sex.}

 

Use a condom or latex barrier for oral sex. {Have oral sex}.

 

From "TALKING WITH YOUR PARTNER ABOUT USING CONDOMS," (Santa Cruz, CA: Network Publications, 1989) {Partner, not wife}

 

This was promiscuity-education material given to students via the Social Studies Department programs of San Lorenzo High School in Felton, CA. This shows how a student is supposed to respond when his or her partner doesn't want to use a condom:

 

"She says: 'Condoms taste terrible.' You say: 'Let's try some of those new flavored condoms.'

 

He says: 'It's embarrassing to buy them.' You say: 'Let's buy a big box. That way we won't have to buy them again for a long time.' {Now that's abstinence!!!!!!}

 

She says: 'They're too dry. They make sex uncomfortable.' You say: ' Let's try lubricated condoms. If they still feel dry, we can use some K-Y Jelly or Astro Glide.'

 

He says: 'I'm allergic to them.' She says: 'Let's try another brand or a different lubricant or spermicide.' or 'I'm allergic to sperm. It could make me break out in STDs and sometimes even pregnancy.'

 

He says: 'They look ugly.' You say: 'I think you look incredibly sexy. Seeing you in a condom really turns me on.'

 

She says: 'I'm a virgin.' You say: 'I'm not. This way we'll both be protected.'

 

He says: 'Condoms are too expensive.' You say: 'Let's stop by the family planning clinic. Condoms are free there.'"

 

From an AIDS-awareness presentation to San Lorenzo High School in Felton, CA:

 

"My name is Steve _______ and I represent the Santa Cruz County Health Department. . . . But, anyway, you take it and put it on the reservoir tip and now puts it over his penis and from what I've heard, I heard that this really does make a difference as to how a condom feels. It's supposed to make it, feels a lot better on the inside. Now ladies {ladies?}, when a guy is having sex with you, I don't know where you're at, but in terms of infection guys have to be nurtured. . . . This is, comes in bubble gum flavor and mint flavor. The only reason I bring this up is, there's a big, big, big, big controversy out there and it has to do with oral sex. For a long time the people in the field, efforts in the field felt that oral sex was a very, very, very small risk. In terms of sexual activity the highest risk to you is anal intercourse, the second riskiest sexual behavior is vaginal intercourse. And we did tell people that the least riskiest and probably safe sexual activity was oral intercourse. {What about a non-risk, non-sexual activity?} . . . There's one other thing that women can use and it's a brand new thing. It's rather gaudy lookin'. I should show it just because it is one other option you have. It's called a female condom. Anybody every heard of one? They look like this. This actually clumps or bunches up. This goes inside the vagina, all the way in and then, and this sits over the outside. It's about this long. But that is a female condom. {to use for abstinence, of course} . . . Remember that when {not if} you have sex with somebody . . . We recommend that you follow your family values around when in fact you have sex. {That is to say, of course, that it is a family value to have unmarried sex.}

 

From: Harvey Caplan, M.D. (staff clinician at Planned Parenthood/World Population of Alameda-San Francisco) quoted in Stephanie Mills (Planned Parenthood board member) The Joy of Birth Control:

 

"If, however, you have separated your sex and love needs . . . then you could have a hundred partners and still be a perfect candidate for a good close relationship later on. So having multiple sexual partners in itself doesn't mean anything.

 

From: Wardell B. Pomeroy, Ph.D. (of Planned Parenthood), "A New Look at Incest," Forum magazine, November 1976, 84-89:

 

". . . incest between adults and younger children can also prove to be a satisfying and enriching experience. Incestuous relationships can--and do--work out well."

 

From Wardell Pomeroy, Ph.D., Boys and Sex (New York: Delacorte Press, 1981) 171, 172. This book is used in numerous public school systems in the United States:

 

"I have known cases of farm boys who have had a loving sexual relationship with an animal and who felt good about their behavior until they got to college, where they learned for the first time that what they had done was 'abnormal.' Then they were upset." {Pomeroy, not Life Research Institute put abnormal in quotes.}

 

In the same book (page unknown) Pomeroy said, "In this sense, boys and girls who start having intercourse when they're adolescents, expecting to get married later on, will find that it's a big help in finding out whether they are really congenial or not; to make everyday-life comparisons again, it's like taking a car out on a test run before you buy it."

 

From Gary F. Kelly, Learning About Sex: The Contemporary Guide for Young Adults, (Hauppauge, NY: Barron, 1986). About this book, Dr. Mary S. Calderone, Co-founder and former President of SIECUS asserts: "There isn't a person picking up this book who won't find something of special help and meaning in it."

 

Page 61: "A fair percentage of people probably have some sort of sexual contact with an animal during their lifetimes, particularly boys who live on farms. There are no indications that such animal contacts are harmful."

 

Pages 136 - 137: "Some people are now saying that partnerships--married or unmarried--should not be exclusive. They believe that while a primary relationship is maintained with one person, the freedom for both partners to love and share sex with others should always be present. . . . There is no general statement that can be made here about the 'best' or the 'healthiest' way to be.

 

Swinging or mate swapping . . . happens between couples who are friends and gradually become involved sexually."

 

Pages 56 and 58: "Homosexuality is recognized to be a valid life-style which seems to be suitable for those who prefer to love and have sexual relationships with their own sex. . . . Most human beings have the potential for both heterosexual and homosexual attraction, and most of us learn to be heterosexual because our culture finds that pattern more acceptable."

 

Page 133: "In the traditional marriage, however, it was sometimes impossible for the partners to be who they really were as individuals . . . but most gay men and women report that they have always felt themselves to be at an advantage in finding true equality in a relationship."

 

From Ruth Bell, Changing Bodies, Changing Lives: A Book for Teens on Sex and Relationships (New York: Random House, 1980):

 

Page 85: "For you, 'exploring sex' might mean kissing and hugging someone you're attracted to. . . . Later, it might mean giving each other orgasms, or even making love. . . .

 

Often this kind of sexual exploring is with a friend of your own sex. Lisa remembered:

 

'I had my first sexual experience when I was seven years old. It was with my best friend. We were constantly together. . . . Then one day we started fooling around and touching each other all over. For about a year, we'd sleep over at each other's houses and do this.'"

 

Page 112: "Most people are neither 'all straight' nor 'all gay.'"

 

Pages 112 - 114: "Fear of gayness hurts straight people, too. Fear and prejudice go away quickest when you can meet some open homosexuals and know them as people. . . . The rest of this chapter may be a way for you to 'meet' some gay and lesbian teenagers indirectly and dispel some of the myths that contribute to the fear and discrimination against gay people:

 

Page 95: Seventeen-year-old Barry says, "I remember making out with a guy for the first time. We used to play basketball in the lot down the street and then come back to my place for a soda. This one time we were clowning around with towels drying off each other's sweat, and we started leaning up against each other. It was real exciting and real tender. We hugged and kissed for a while, then we went for a walk to get used to what had happened."

 

Page 122: "Lesbians make love in lots of ways." Graphic positive description of lesbian acts were then given.

 

Page 122: "Gay men, too, have many ways of making love." Graphic positive description of oral and anal intercourse was then given.

 

From Planned Parenthood Federation of America tract, "Human Sexuality: What Children Should Know and When They Should Know It,":

 

"By Age Five, Children Should: . . . Know where babies come from, how they `get in` and `get out.`"

 

"Elementary School Children (Ages 6 - 9) Should: . . . Be aware that sexual identity includes sexual orientation: lesbian, gay, straight, or bisexual."

 

"Nine- to Thirteen- Year-Olds (in addition to developing earlier skills) Should Be Informed About: contraceptives exist (should be able to name some and how to obtain them)."  {Nine-to thirteen- year-olds need to know how to get ahold of contraceptives!}

 

"Fourteen- to Eighteen-Year-Olds (in addition to developing previously listed skills) Should Be Informed About: an articulated value system about interpersonal relations, including sexual behavior." {So while PP insists to the public and to school boards that their sex material is value free, children must develop a value system. Since PP teaches that parents' and churches' values are to be ignored, the values the children end up with are Planned Parenthood's: Promiscuity.}

 

From Wendy Flint, The Parents Right To Know, (Washington, DC: The American Parents' Association, 1990)

 

Page 2: "Participants [teachers] were also forced to watch films depicting homosexual couples and view a live demonstration of how to put a condom on a plastic penis with one's mouth"62

 

Page 18: "A chapter, 'Variations,' examines homosexuality, lesbianism, heterosexuality, bisexuality, bestiality, fetishism, hermaphroditism, transvestitism, and transsexualty.  'Variations' suggests that the teacher 'invite a guest speaker from your community who works professionally with homosexuals.  Ask for volunteers to role play a situation that might push a person toward homosexuality; role play what to do when approached by a homosexual.'  Positive responses get verbal praise.

 

Page 22: "According to Sex for Children?, a report distributed by Parents for Better Education in Virginia, the textbook [Understanding Human Sexuality by Janet Shibley Hyde, 3rd edition, 1986] includes detailed and extensive 'how-to' sections on masturbation, simultaneous oral-genital sex, oral-anal sex, and numerous other sexual activities and positions." From Sex for Children? Dr. Vern Jordahl, distributed by Parents for Better Education, May 15, 1989.

 

Page 22: "In encouraging contraceptive use, Hyde recommends that school sex ed programs adopt a number of components, among them 'legitimizing non-coital kinds of sexual pleasure, such as masturbation and oral-genital sex. . . .'"63

 

Page 23: "In commenting on the practice of adults fondling infants' genitals to keep them quiet, Hyde writes that it is 'a remarkable effective pacifier.'"63

 

Page 23: "On August 22, 1989, a public school teacher attended the first FLE training day in Virginia.  According to her reports, the presentation leaned toward an indoctrination into the feminist ideology.  The instructor claimed, 'we are all bisexual.'"64

 

Page 23: "Syndicated columnist Cal Thomas reported that at a workshop in Fairfax County, Virginia, employees of the school district were taught how to put a condom on a plastic model with their mouth.  Coed 'contraceptive practicing' on plastic models has been reported in various school district programs throughout the nation.

 

Page 43: "From 1971 to 1981, over 2 billion federal dollars were spent on family planning, yet there was a 48.3 percent increase in teen pregnancies and a 133 percent increase in teen abortions."4

 

Page 43: "In the March 1989 issue of Pediatrics, Dr. James W. Stout reviewed five studies on the effects of sex education and concluded that sex education has had little impact on altering sexual activity or reducing adolescent pregnancy."65

 

"Now from a different66 publication than the above: 

Myth: Abstinence is unworkable and unrealistic.  Teens are going to have sex anyway so we need to teach them 'safe' sex.

Reality: Not so.  The CDC's Youth Risk Behavior Surveys show an almost 20% drop in the percentage of high school boys age 15 - 19 who have ever had sex, to a low of under 49% in 1997 from almost 61% in 1990.

 

High school-aged boys have also become less sexually active, with only 1 in 3 reporting intercourse in the past 3 months (a 21% decline between 1990 and 1997) and less promiscuous, with a 34% decline in those having had four or more partners between the 1990 figure of almost 27% and the 1997 figure of almost 18%.

 

Data from the National Survey of Family Growth, show that from 1988 and [to?] 1995 a decrease of 5.7% occurred in the percentage of all females (not just those in high school) age 15 - 19 who have had sex (52.6% vs. 49.6%)."

 

"Using a range of specifications, I find no evidence that greater access to family planning has reduced underage conceptions or abortions.  Indeed, there is some evidence that greater access is associated with an increase in underage conceptions in our sample."67

 

Endnotes

 

1. For information on the discrediting of zoologist Alfred C. Kinsey, see the following: l Judith A. Reisman, Kinsey, Sex and Fraud, (Lafayette, LA: Huntinghouse Publishers, 1990), l Kenneth E. Kogut, The Connection:  Abortion, Permissive Sex Instruction, and Family Planning:  What the Pro-Abortion Experts Say And What the Pro-Life and other Experts Say, Life Research Institute, phone 925 676 2929, lSex Education in American Schools, Concerned Women for America, phone 202 488 7000, and lRobert H. Knight, Dr. Kinsey and the Children of Table 34, Family Research Council, phone 202 393-2100.  (Table 34 is where Kinsey documented the frequency of orgasms of children as young as 11 months.  He and his perverted child molesters committed multiple felonies in obtaining this data.)

2. Symposium, 27 March 1968, "Rutgers Law Review," vol. 22, 415-43.

3. Washington Star Times, 3 May 1973.

4. Dinah Richard, Has Sex Education Felled our Teenagers?

5. Gregg Harris, The Christian Home School, (Brentwood, TN: Wolgemuth & Hyatt, 1988) 37-38.

6. Many publications, especially "Planned Parenthood Must Be Stopped," American Life Lobby.

7. Barbara Morris, Change Agents in the Schools (Upland, CA: Barbara M. Morris Report) 144.

8. Many publications, especially "Sexuality Alphabet," Planned Parenthood Federation of America, 1982.

9. Ibid.

10. Ibid.

11. Lena Levine, "Psycho-sexual Development," Planned Parenthood News, Summer 1953, 10.

12. Eleanor S. Morrison and Miln Underhill Price, Values in Sexuality (New York: Hart Publishing Company and A & W Publishers, 1974) 100.

13. Sandalyn McKasson, "Sex and Seduction in the Classroom," quoted in Richie Martin, ed., Judgement in the Gate: A Call to Awaken the Church (Westchester, IL: Crossway Books, 1986) 97, all quoted in George Grant, Grand Illusions: The Legacy of Planned Parenthood (Brentwood, TN: Wolgemuth & Hyatt, 1984) 109.

14. Ibid., 98.

15. Ibid.

16. McKasson, 100.

17. Jacqueline Kasun, "Turning Children into Sex Experts," The Public Interest, Spring 1979, 14.

18. "Control" [?] 2; and Tim LaHaye, The Battle for the Public Schools (Old Tappan, JH: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1983), 119.

19. "What is Peer Education in Human Sexuality" (a brochure), Planned Parenthood of Greater Metropolitan Washington, 1.

20. A poll for Planned Parenthood by Louis Harris and Associates, American Teens Speak: Sex, Myths, TV, and Birth Control, 1986, Lou Harris Project No. 864012.

21. Ibid., 71.

22. Ibid., 71-72.

23. Ibid., 15.

24. Ibid., 24, and see Robert Ruff's analysis in his book, Aborting Planned Parenthood (Houston: New Vision Books, 1988), 19.

25. Ibid., 18.

26. Ibid., 53.

27. Look Magazine, 8 March 1966.

28. Time Magazine, "On Teaching Children About Sex," 9 June 1968, 37.

29. "Sex Facts," Planned Parenthood Center of Syracuse (New York), 1977.

30. Announcement for the "Family Life Education: Are We Prepared?," conference, May 12, 1989, sponsored by Planned Parenthood of Northern New England and co-sponsored by the Vermont Department of Education (includes accompanying material by the Planned Parenthood Federation of America), 1989.

31. Ibid.

32. Ibid.

33. Ibid.

34. "Safe Sex and Teens," SIECUS Report, September/October, 1988. SIECUS is Sex Information and Education Council of the United States.

35. Wardell B. Pomeroy, Ph.D., Boys and Sex/Girls and Sex, listed as "Books to Aid Parents in Their Task as Sex Educators," Planned Parenthood Association of San Diego County, undated.

36. "A Close Look at Planned Parenthood," Focus on the Family radio program, 26-27 October 1989

37. Ibid.

38. The Boston Women's Health Book Collective, Our Bodies, Ourselves: A Book By and For Women, (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1976), 42.

39. Ibid., 53.

40. The Boston Women's Health Book Collective, Our New Bodies, Ourselves: A Book By and For Women, (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984), 122.

41. "A Close Look at Planned Parenthood," "Focus on the Family" radio program, 26-27 October, 1989.

42. Rustum Roy and Delly Roy, "The Autonomy of Sensuality/The 'Final Solution' of Sex Ethics," quoted in Sol Gordon and Roger Libby, Sexuality Today And Tomorrow, 317. The Roys refer to Honest Sex (New York: New American Library, 1968).

43. "Serving Families, Preserving Freedom," Annual Meeting, 1981. Special Issue, Theology Workshop, Planned Parenthood Review, Winter 1981, 10, Joseph Fletcher speaking.

44. National Right to Life News, February 1976, quoted in Oregon ProLife Council Packet, page C5.

45. The Chelsea Journal, July/August 1977.

46. The Great Orgasm Robbery, Planned Parenthood of the Rocky Mountains, 1977.

47. The Perils of Puberty, 1974, Planned Parenthood of the Rocky Mountains, 15

48. Ibid., 17.

49. Sol Gordon, Ten Heavy Facts About Sex (#4), (Syracuse, NY: Ed-U Press, 1975).

50. SIECUS Report quoted in Ronald A. Reno, "SIECUS: You Won't Believe What They Want to Teach Your Kids," Focus on the Family, August 1995, 1. (Hereafter, the Focus document is abbreviated "SIECUS: You Won't . . ."

51. "Guidelines for Comprehensive Sexuality Education: Kindergarten - 12th Grade," SIECUS, 15, quoted in "SIECUS: You Won't . . .", 11.

52. Patti O. Britton and Carolyn Patierno, "Talk About Sex: A Booklet for Young People on How to Talk About Sexuality and HIV/AIDS," SIECUS, 18-20, quoted in "SIECUS: You Won't . . .", 11-12.

53. Debra Haffner, "My Family Values," SIECUS Report, August/September 1992, 12, quoted in "SIECUS: You Won't . . .", 12.

54. Edward W. Eichel and J. Gordon Muir, "The Assault on Heterosexuality," Letter to the editor, Wall Street Journal, 18 March 1994, 11A, quoted in "SIECUS: You Won't . . .", 14.

55. Wardell Pomeroy, quoted in "SIECUS: You Won't . . .", 1.

56. Mary Calderone, quoted in "SIECUS: You Won't . . .", 1.

57. "SIECUS: You Won't . . .", 14.

58. "SIECUS Position Statements, 1991," quoted in "SIECUS: You Won't . . .", 15.

59. Debra Haffner, SIECUS Press Conference, Washington, DC, 16 October 1991, quoted in "SIECUS: You Won't . . .", 7.

60. Debra Haffner, "Safe Sex and Teens," SIECUS Report, September/October 1988, 9, quoted in "SIECUS: You Won't . . .", 9-10.

61. Debra Haffner, SIECUS fundraising letter, May 1992, quoted in "SIECUS: You Won't . . .", 10.

62. Dr. Vern Jordahl, Sex for Children?, Parents for Better Education, May 15, 1989.

63. Janet Shibley Hyde, Understanding Human Sexuality, 3rd edition, 1986.

64. Testimony of Virginia Teacher given to Parents for Better Education, Virginia, and reprinted with permission.  Name withheld upon request.

65. James W. Stout, MD, and Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH, Pediatrics, Schools and Sex Education: Does It Work?, (Seattle, WA: American Academy of Pediatrics, 1989) 375-376.

66. "Exploding the Safe Sex Myths,"Life Insight (a pub. of the NCCB Secretariat for Pro-Life Activities, DC), March 1999.

67. Dr. David Paton, "The Economics of Family Planning and Underage Conceptions," Journal of Health Economics," March 2002.

 

End of Promiscuity Education: Specific Examples of Promiscuity Content

Study knocks foundation out from under global warming theorists

 

Kenneth E. Kogut

October 30, 2017

 

Abstract

Research finds that next day temperature forecasts for five locations in United States of America, are very inaccurate.  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) made the forecasts.  Common sense therefore indicates that NOAA’s forecasts of global  warming during the next 83 years worldwide would be correct only by chance. This is especially true when considering that there is an additional great uncertainty, not even considered by forecasters and this report, regarding the possible future concentration of carbon dioxide and the effectiveness of any particular concentration of carbon dioxide--during various years and at various altitudes--on future warming.

 

Introduction

United States of America was the chosen area to study because NOAA should be the best in the world at forecasting, and it has forecasted global warming.  This was in 1990.  Their report is “Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment.”

 

The period of investigation in Kogut’s study was the entire summer of 2017.

 

Only comparisons of forecasted temperatures with their actuals were studied.  Because amounts of precipitation are not forecasted, precipitation could not be studied.  Also, it would be inappropriate to study whether there was no precipitation versus any amount of precipitation, because precipitation forecasts are given as a percent probability.

 

Wind speeds are forecasted in a vague manner and so cannot be checked.

 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, through National Weather Service (which reports to NOAA), provided forecasted and actual temperatures.  Comparisons were made of forecasted highs and forecasted lows versus actual highs and lows of the next day.  Only next day forecasts were studied. 

 

The study was made for these five locations: 

Location

Reason for choice of location

Death Valley, California

Furnace Creek in Death Valley is the hottest place in the US.

Barrow, Alaska

Of all sites in the US for which NOAA forecasts temperatures, Barrow is the location of the coldest temperatures in the summer.  In the summer the temperature is high enough to melt ice.

Honolulu, Hawaii

This is the southernmost point in the US.

Brownsville, Texas

This is the southernmost point in the US on the mainland.

Washington, DC

This is the place where steps would be taken to save the planet if it was found that NOAA’s forecasts of global warming were accurate.

 

Results

Following are the major findings of the study.

·      When NOAA forecasted next-day warming, there was actual next-day warming only 62.8% of the time.

·      The percent of times any forecast of warming was followed by actual cooling was 20.8 .

·      Of the 419 times NOAA forecasted warming, there was actual warming only 263 times.

·      The average percent error in the amounts of warming which were forecasted was 57.2 .

·      When NOAA forecasted cooling, there was actual cooling only 66.3% of the time.

·      Of the 365 times NOAA forecasted cooling, there was actual cooling only 242 times.

·      The average percent error in the amounts of cooling which were forecasted was 50.3 .

·      The percent of the time forecasted next-day temperatures were actually observed was 16.6 .

·      The percent of forecasts which would have been correct if yesterdays' actuals had been used as today's forecasts was 15.3 .  So NOAA was better by only about 1%. 

·      The average error, in degrees Fahrenheit, of all forecasts, correct or incorrect was 2.5 .

·      The five greatest errors, in degrees Fahrenheit, for the entire study were 13, 14, 16, 17, and 19.

 

Conclusions

Since NOAA should be the best in the world at forecasting NEXT DAY temperatures in the US and they failed, mankind is not capable of forecasting whether there will be global warming far into the future.  One thing this means is that no NOAA study since 1990, which was their first study, should be considered valid.

 

Note these facts about NOAA and its work:

·      Although NOAA was horrendously inaccurate in forecasting next day temperatures, this was in the geographical area (the US) where they would do their best work.  Its accuracy for the rest of the globe had to be very much worse.  The size of the US is only 1.9% of that of the rest of the world, and most of the area of the world is over oceans.  Very little data is taken over oceans.

·      Since NOAA first made its forecasts of global warming, which was reported in 1990, they have awesomely upgraded their satellites.  At least one is the size of a school bus.  Therefore, the spreadsheet on which was accumulated NOAA’s incompetent performance in US forecasting, represents data far more accurate than NOAA had when they first forecast global warming.

·      In 1990, along with others, NOAA showed that their “best” estimate for global temperature rise for 2100 was 7.5 degrees Fahrenheit (4.2 degrees Celsius).  In the spreadsheet used as a basis for the report you are reading, NOAA showed that there was an average of 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit error (1 degree Celsius) in their own forecasts for the NEXT DAY when forecasts were for warming.

·      The forecasts in that study don’t take greenhouse gases into consideration.  However, NOAA did consider greenhouse gases when it made its forecasts to 2100.  It is almost beyond comprehension how much more complicated, and therefore how less accurate NOAA must have been when it concluded that there will be global temperature increases, especially increases of any specific amounts.

·      One must keep in mind that 2100 is approximately 30,000 NEXT DAYS from the last data point of the study you have been reading about and 40,000 NEXT DAYS from the 1990 NOAA report.  Therefore their chance of being correct for 2100 is zero,

 

Thus, there may be global warming or there may not be; no one can tell either whether there will be warming or how much warming there might be.

 

Qualifications of researcher

While most high school students could have done the above study, following are the qualifications of Kenneth E. Kogut:  1) Bachelor of Science degree in Chemical Engineering.  2) Has written 108 examination problems for use in licensing Chemical Engineers worldwide.

 

Discrediting possible rebuttals to this study

If there are any rebuttals on the ground that this research was not done by meteorologists, climatologists, computer scientists, or PhD's, the rebuttal to that rebuttal should be that this is totally incorrect: Meteorologists, climatologists, computer scientists, and PhD's were very much involved.  It is these which made the forecasts that were proven to be so grossly inaccurate.  Once made, many high school students could have analyzed the data.  

 

Recommendations

Many who don’t want to be convinced that there won’t be global warming won’t be convinced by this study.  Thus, additional studies are needed.  Such work should not be done by NOAA/NWS for two reasons: 1) They have been shown to be incapable of accurate analysis, and 2) They have a vested interest in falsifying their findings.

 

I recommend studies which include many more than five locations.  One study could cover one year.  After writing a report of that study, the researcher could then continue it by including temperatures for an additional four years.  The reports generated should be sent to global-warming alarmists who are in positions of power over alleged mitigation steps.

 

In addition to studying NOAA’s NWS’s performance, additional studies should be made of NOAA’s National Hurricane Centers’ performance.  It has forecasted more hurricanes as a result of alleged global warming, yet when forecasting tropical depressions, tropical storms, and hurricanes, it hasn’t been capable of even forecasting their paths.

 

Since NOAA oversees the following, studies could be made of the accuracy of their work: Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service, National Centers for Environmental Information, Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, National Climate Data Center, and National Integrated Drought Information System.


The American Medical Association's Positions on Abortion 1859 - 2019

 

 

WHAT IS ABORTION?

 

1859--"The slaughter of countless children; no mere misde­meanor or no mere attempt upon the life of the mother, but the wanton and murderous destruction of her child; such unwar­rantable destruction of human life."1

 

1871--"The work of destruction; The wholesale destruction of unborn infants."

 

1967--"The interruption of an unwanted pregnancy."

 

2007--"Abortion is a medical procedure and should be per­formed . . . with standards of good medical practice."2

 

 

WHO SHOULD PERFORM ABORTIONS?

 

1871--"It will be unlawful and unprofessional for any physi­cian to induce abortion or premature labor. . . and then always with a view to the safety of the child--if that be possible."

 

1970--"Abortion should be performed only by a duly licensed physician and surgeon in an accredited hospital."

 

1992--Only physicians who want to should perform abortions.

 

2007--The Principles of Medical Ethics of the AMA do not prohibit a physician from performing an abortion in accordance with good medical practice and under circumstances that do not violate the laws of the community in which he practices.3

 

2019--“A physician may perform an abortion in accordance with good medical practice and under circumstances that do not violate the law.”4 

 

 

WHO ARE PHYSICIAN ABORTIONISTS?

 

1871--"Men who cling to a noble profession only to  dishonor it; false brethren; educated assassins, an enemy to the human family, modern Herods, monsters of iniquity, the executioners."  "These men who, with corrupt hearts and blood-stained hands, destroy what they cannot reinstate, corrupt souls, and destroy the fairest fabric that God has ever created . . . under the cloak of that medical profession."

 

1967--"Conscientious practitioners performing therapeutic abortions for reasons other than those posing a threat to the life of the mother. Equally conscientious physicians who believe that all women should be masters of their own reproductive destinies and that the interruption of an unwanted preg­nancy, no matter what the circumstances, should be solely an individual matter between the patient and her doctor."

 

1992--Since the AMA supports abortion, it makes no comment.

 

2019--Since the AMA supports abortion, it makes no comment.

 

WHAT SHOULD BE DONE TO PHYSICIAN ABORTIONISTS?

 

1871--"The members of the profession should shrink with horror from all interaction with them professionally or otherwise; These men should be marked as Cain was marked: They should be made the outcasts of society. It becomes the duty of every physician in the United States to resort to every honorable and legal means in his power to crush out from among us this pest of society."

 

1871--"Resolved, That we repudiate and denounce the conduct of abor­tionists, and that we hold no intercourse with them professionally or otherwise and that we will, whenever an opportunity presents, guard and protect the public against the machinations of these characters by pointing out the physical and moral ruin which follows in their wake."

 

1970--"They should be allowed to perform abortions as long as they are done in an accredited hospital acting only after con­sultation with two other physicians."

 

1992--Since the AMA supports abortion, it makes no comment.

 

2019--Since the AMA supports abortion, it makes no comment.

 

 

WHAT SHOULD THE ETHICS OF ABORTION BE?

 

1871--"Thou shalt not kill:  This Commandment is given to all and applies to all without exception; It matters not at what stage of development his victim may have arrived.  It matters not how small or how apparently insignificant it may be.  It is murder.  A foul, unprovoked murder, and its blood, like the blood of Abel, will cry from earth to Heaven for vengeance."

 

1967--"The Committee does not intend to raise the question of the rightness or wrongness of therapeutic abortion.  This is a personal and moral consideration which in all cases must be faced according to the dictates of the conscience of the patient and her physician."

 

1992--". . . the early termination of pregnancy is a medical matter between the patient and the physician, . . ." "The AMA shall take no action which may be construed as an attempt to alter or influence the personal views of individual physicians regarding abortion procedures."

 

2007--". . . the issue of support or of opposition to abortion is a matter for members of the AMA to decide individually, based on personal values or beliefs."5

 

2019--“ The AMA fears that, if implemented, the [Title X] rule would function as a shield for people asserting objections on religious or moral grounds and could permit them to withhold care from already vulnerable groups and create confusion.6 

 

2019-- “Similarly, Dr. Madara expressed concern that the proposed rule could interfere with numerous existing state laws that protect women’s access to comprehensive reproductive care [which includes abortion] . . .”6   

 

2019--“Distinguishing between elective and therapeutic abortions undermines the moral agency of patients and disproportionately amplifies moral rather than medical dimensions of the procedure.”7 

 

2019--“Regardless of beliefs concerning abortion, all physicians have reason to object on professional grounds to state interference with the practice of medicine.”8 

 

 

 

1. Volume 12, Transactions of the American Medical Association, pp. 75-78 (1859).

2. From American Medical Association web site, May 2007, Policy H-5.993.

3. From American Medical Association web site, May 2007, Policy E-2.01.

4. https://www.ama-assn.org/search?search=abortion&sort_by=search_api_relevance&page=0

5. From American Medical Association web site, May 2007, Policy H-5.990.

6. https://www.ama-assn.org/delivering-care/ethics/hhs-should-withdraw-proposal-health-care-conscience-rights

7. https://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/search?search=abortion

8. https://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/article/legislative-restrictions-abortion/2012-02

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

End of The American Medical Association's Position on Abortion, 1859 - 2019